Blue swelling on the legs
It is commonly believed that the limbs turn blue justbecause they are cold. This is indeed so. But what if you're not cold, and your legs are already blue? It is clearly necessary to look for another reason. In this case, it is customary to say that blue is due to physique. And here there is some truth: thin and tall (or very high) people are slightly disturbed by blood circulation, because of which the limbs are less mobile and can become a little blue. But, if neither with the physique, nor with the temperature of the environment, there are no problems, and the legs turn blue - there is clearly something wrong here. Let's try to figure out what it is.
Coloration of the skin in blue can occur wheninsufficient oxygen content in tissues. In this case, the blood vessels are depleted in oxygen and have a blue tint. If the patient has blue legs, he has a disease - peripheral cyanosis, caused by impaired blood circulation in the legs.
The amount of oxygen in the blood is determined byanalysis of arterial blood gases. X-ray examination, blood flow, and lung and heart functions make it possible to clarify the cause of the decrease in the oxygen content in the blood and the resulting cyanosis. The first treatment measure is often oxygen inhalation.
Most likely, in this case there aresome problems with the heart. Often here may be called circulatory failure, or vegetovascular dystonia, but other reasons may be indicated. The main thing that unites them - the heart. For some reason it does not pump the blood well enough. And since it is primarily the extremities that react (first the legs, then the arms), blue is observed. To treat the heart will have to go to the hospital.
You must set the duration(congenital cyanosis indicates congenital heart disease), exposure to drugs or chemical agents that cause the formation of harmful hemoglobin. Determine the nature of cyanosis (central or peripheral), examining the nails, lips, mucous membranes. Peripheral cyanosis can be eliminated by warming the hands and feet. Check for swelling at the ends of the fingers and toes. Swelling can be congenital, idiopathic, or develop as a symptom of the disease. Tumescence often accompanies cyanosis in congenital heart defects, less often with pulmonary pathologies (abscessed pneumonia, pulmonary arterio-venous fistulas, but not with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that does not cause complications).
Causes of blue skin on the legs
Blue skin of the legs can be caused by:
- atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs;
- peripheral vascular disease;
- osteochondrosis of the spine;
- ischemic stroke.
- heaviness in the legs;
- feeling of heat in the feet and above;
- the skin loses its color;
- the appearance of bluish veins.
If you do not start fighting with venous insufficiency in time, it can cause venous thrombosis, and eventually lead to a hypodermitis and venous eczema.
Development of this disease can be preceded by:
- pernicious habits, which include alcohol (beer as well), smoking, fat abundant food;
- frequent stress and nervous overload;
- diabetes mellitus, hypertension, violation of the regime, elderly age.
Treatment of blue skin on legs
At the first manifestations of blue-toothed skinimmediately consult a doctor to find out the causes of the disease and the appointment of treatment. Early treatment and timely treatment will stop the progression of the disease and prevent the formation of consequences. Treatment depends on the underlying disease, if the symptoms decrease, this indicates the effectiveness of the prescribed treatment. When acute manifestations of the disease should be called an ambulance.
Blue legs are treated with medicines designed to improve the patency of blood vessels. If the disease progresses, oxygen therapy is used.
An important point is the severity of developmentdisease. An acute emerging disease can be observed with thromboembolism of pulmonary arteries, asphyxiation, etc. If the patient has chronic heart disease, the development of the pathological process occurs gradually.
The causes of the appearance of blue veins on the legs
Some believe that the blue veins on the legs arejust a feature of the body. But this is far from the case. In fact, this is a symptom of many dangerous diseases. And the sooner in this case a person see a doctor, the less consequences he will get. But it all begins with the fact that on the thighs and on the lower legs there is a so-called capillary net - the first sign of varicose veins.
Also, the cause of the appearance of blue veins ispoor valve performance. Blood begins to accumulate in the veins, in which the pressure rises, forming nodes. This process takes some years, before the blue veins in varicose veins become a risk factor. Externally, the blue veins with varicose manifested as much swollen blue (less reddened) sections of blood vessels. Varicose blue veins greatly increase in size, losing its elasticity. If such a disease is not treated, then on the skin can appear trophic ulcers.
Well visible veins on the legs of blue color - thisalready the midst of varicose veins. However, no disease can appear from nowhere. Varicosity, like any other sore, also has its own reasons. And the reasons for these are not one or two, but about two dozen.
The main symptoms of varicose veins:
- Blue veins;
- Heaviness in the legs;
- Leg extension;
- Leg cramps;
- Edema of the feet;
- Trophic disturbances;
- Trophic ulcers.
- Great physical exertion on the legs.
- Lifting weights.
- Constant work on legs.
- Excess weight.
- Admission of hormonal drugs.
Women during pregnancy especiallyare exposed to varicose veins and the appearance of enlarged blue veins, due to increased body weight and pressure on the legs, which is caused by the development of the fetus. The tendency to varicose veins and the formation of enlarged blue veins can be inherited.
However, often the blue veins on the legs can be seenand in men. And here, as a rule, there are no special reasons. Most often - it's overweight and hard work. Varicose disease with time leads to two very serious consequences - a varicose syndrome and chronic venous insufficiency. Varicose syndrome refers to external manifestations of the disease - those same asterisks, nodes, blue veins.
Treatment of varicose veins on the legs is a long process,depending on the causes of the disease and on how far the disease went. Varicose disease is a surgical profile, and the treatment of the disease is carried out using surgical methods. If the disease is not very neglected and is at the initial stage, then it can be tried to cure by medicines and ointments. In order to determine the degree and stage of the disease, it is necessary to go through the so-called duplex or triplex scanning, which will give a real idea of the state of your blood vessels.
A common method of treating varicose veins. The operation is carried out in stages and the patient's stay in the hospital is a week. Contraindications: late stage, ischemia, infection, pregnancy (second half), elderly age. After surgery, there are small scars of skin. This operation lasts for an hour. At this time, the so-called non-working veins are removed on their feet. After the termination of procedure scars reach the sizes in 4 - 5 mm. However, this type of surgical treatment has its own contraindications. And this:
- Late stage of the disease.
- Ischemia of the heart.
- Infectious diseases.
- Elderly age.
The most modern and best way to combatVenous disease is laser coagulation. However, even this method has its own indications and contraindications. A method of treatment that is as widespread as phlebectomy performed by a laser that does not require hospitalization, which is performed in a couple of hours. Contraindications: chronic leg ischemia, excessive body weight, which prevents the patient from leading an active lifestyle, inflammation of the skin, thrombophilia, ischemia, obesity, inflammatory processes of the skin in place of the affected vein.
A method that helps to get rid of varicose veins whenaid of a special substance injected into the diseased vein and gluing it. There are almost no complications after the procedure, the therapy is tolerated well. The choice of method of treatment depends on many factors: the age of the patient, the general condition, the presence of allergic reactions, the duration of the disease. The active use of this method in the treatment of varicose disease on the feet began 100 years ago. Since then, sclerotherapy has become a widely used and very effective method that has been experienced by many patients. The procedure is carried out under the supervision of ultrasound. After such a surgical intervention, as a rule, there are no side effects, the therapy is tolerated by the patient well, the effect remains for life.
June 4, 2015 - Author: Lyudmila