Swelling of feet that drink

Varicosity: symptoms, treatment, prevention. What will help phlebologist?

A little more - and this spring will come,with slippers on heels, short skirts and dreams of summer rest. However, for many of us, "summer clothes" and the prospect of appearing on the beach are associated with discomfort and emotions. All the blame - varicose veins.

Christina always lived easily. Fast as a moth, she traveled in space with some unusual speed and always managed everything at work and at home: and to hand over the reports, buy the products, and check the son's lessons, and run to the kindergarten for her daughter. By inertia, she continued to live in the same high-speed mode, even when she began to feel that her feet, always so light and fast, are now tired and somehow unusually painful.

Common situation? Legs begin to ache with some blunt "bursting" pain and swell in the evening so that habitual shoes become small. And once you, trying on your favorite shoes, suddenly notice that somewhere below the knees from under the skin there are bluish asterisks of small suction cups. And what are you doing?

You. do not pay attention to it, because you have children, cares, repairs in the apartment, urgent business trips and a lot of other important things. In this case, you know perfectly well (read, watched on TV) that there is such a disease - phlebeurysm. But do not compare your"trivial problems". And in vain! It is these listed symptoms that speak of chronic venous insufficiency, which eventually leads to varicose veins.

The problem of "veins on the legs" is very, veryis distributed - according to statistics, up to 60% of the working-age population of industrially developed countries face it. And women suffer this 1.5 times more often than men. Women are genetically more than men predisposed to violations of the functions of venous vessels, and besides a powerful provoking factor of chronic venous insufficiency is pregnancy.

Yes Yes! Most often, the problem manifests itself during this period and especially often in later periods. However, many women "spiders" of blood vessels and protruding under the skin veins pass after childbirth, but since the disease is chronic, it means that it can manifest again.

Why are pregnant women in the zonerisk? Everything is very simple: among the risk factors is a sharp change in the hormonal background, an additional large weight that future mothers gain in a short period, an increase in the volume of circulating blood (which also becomes more viscous), an increase in pressure on the veins of the small pelvis due to the growing fetus, a decrease in the tone of the vascular wall.

That's why doctors recommend women who have already encountered manifestations in the past CVI (chronic venous insufficiency) and now planning a pregnancy, be sureconsult with phlebologist and take all precautions to avoid possible exacerbations to the maximum. The started stage of chronic venous insufficiency in some cases even serves as a contraindication to pregnancy - remember this!

CVI - chronic venous insufficiency -a syndrome characterized by a prolonged violation of venous blood flow in the lower extremities and developing, as a rule, as a result of varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis.

In general, chronic venous insufficiency andwomen, and men associate experts primarily with heredity. In particular, if both parents have varicose veins on their legs, the risk of their appearance in offspring is 89%. If only one of the parents was affected, the risk is reduced to 47%.

The development of the disease is facilitated by a number of otherfactors. First of all, these are the features of the profession and way of life. If you have to stand or sit for a long time, you are at risk. Judge for yourself - in 30 minutes of such a static state the blood volume in the lower limbs increases by 250-300 milliliters, and the veins of our poor legs should stoically withstand this load! But people of such professions - millions. Here is another explanation for the prevalence of problems with veins.

  • Frequent flights or trips by car.
  • Low motor activity.
  • Incorrect food.
  • Obesity.
  • Heavy physical activity.
  • Stay in a hot climate.
  • Some types of hormonal contraception.

It is worth mentioning also the notorious surroundingWednesday, and our chronic diseases, and stresses. Often varicose veins appear in advanced years, when the full nutrition of cells and tissues of the body is disturbed.

What happens to the blood vessels?

Either way, the function of the vessels is reduced, theirwalls become permeable (hence the occurrence of edema), lose elasticity and narrow. Blood accumulates in separate areas, provoking the swelling of the vascular wall outward. Further, the vascular wall can become inflamed, causing pain and a feeling of heaviness in the legs. The blood thickens and passes through the vessels more slowly, loading them with additional work. To compensate for the lack of oxygen flow to the organs, the heart begins to work in a dual mode. That is why it is better to "catch" the disease in the first stages, without waiting for the time when swollen varicose veins will not only spoil the aesthetics of your legs, but also significantly worsen the quality of life.

Starts small, goes into a big

Chronic venous insufficiencyit is dangerous that, starting as usual fatigue and swelling of the legs, it is able to go into much more serious problems, if nothing is done. The development of venous insufficiency can be conditionally divided into three stages.

  • Initial stage. It is characterized by constant fatigue andtension in the legs, small edema in the ankle, dull pain from the knee and below. It's worth worrying if there are so-called on the skin of the feet. vascular sprouts (telangiectasia) and even more so if under the skin begin to swell the nodules and convoluted ropes of veins.
  • The expressed stage. Trophic disorders appear (changebiochemical processes of vascular tissue). There are already strong swelling and severe pain, seizures, itchy skin, and sometimes eczema. Vessels manifest from under the skin with dark convex nodules, and varicose veins extend over the entire surface of the leg from top to bottom. It is at this stage that patients often turn to the doctor, the main reason being the aesthetic imperfections of the legs, and not the pain.
  • Launched the stage. Alas, it is irreversible. The strongest trophic disorders are manifested as constant swelling (up to the "elephant") of the legs, trophic ulcers, bleeding from varicose veins, thrombophlebitis of deep veins.

I do not want to scare anyone, but, as we see, andbanal fatigue in the legs by the evening, and those same vascular asterisks that we, women, as a rule, do not pay attention to, is a clear signal for a doctor. Of course, if we do not want to be on the operating table at the surgeon in 5-6 years.

All doctors unanimously repeat: despite the fact that the disease is chronic, to stop the degradation processes and prevent further progression of chronic venous insufficiency is possible, if diagnosed on time. Usually, the doctor appoints duplex scanning (instrumental examination of blood vessels) or UZDG (ultrasonic duplex scanning) with mapping (visualization). And these examinations give a 100% clear picture of the health or unhealth of your blood vessels.

The phlebologist is a doctor of narrow specialization who is engaged in the study, diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, dysplasia of veins and other venous diseases.

Conservative methods. This is primarily a compression effect and pharmacotherapy.

Compression is very important for the support of weak veins andis the constant wearing during the day of special tight knitwear. For those who are horrified only by the thought of bandages, there are comfortable, beautiful, transparent pantyhose and stockings - no one will ever guess that they are curative. Compression knitwear allows you to improve circulation in the legs, reduce swelling and reduce weight and drawing pains, but, of course, does not affect the condition of the vessels themselves and does not relieve inflammation.

Strengthen the vascular wall, reduce its permeability, return the vessels to a normal tone, remove stenosis (constriction) and inflammation can only be with the help of medications, namely, phlebotonic and phleboprotectors (from "Protect" - to protect). Many doctors, given that the treatment should be carried out long and regularly (an average of 2-3 courses per year), prefer to prescribe natural preparations based on plant flavonoids. It is important to choose drugs that have proven clinical efficacy and have no side effects. Ointments and gels based on veno-active substances are also widely used.

If necessary or complications, the doctor supplementstreatment with diuretics, drugs that dilute blood and improve microcirculation. However, in the first stage only phleboprotectors are sufficient. The most important thing is to go on time to the phlebologist!

At the initial stage of CVI, the cosmetic defect is eliminated by the method electrocoagulation (action on the vessels by electric current), and can also conduct sclerotherapy. during which a sick vein is injecteda drug that "glues" it, after which the blood runs through the other veins, and the "stars" and "ropes" disappear from the surface of the foot. This method is not recommended for everyone - some can lead to serious complications.

In the second and third stages of CVI, another surgical operation is being carried out - phlebectomy. during which the patient's vein is bandagedor completely removed. If earlier this operation required a large number of cuts, now, with the development of minimally invasive technologies, it is not very traumatic.

The common drawback of all surgical operations is that if the prevention is not observed, the problem can easily return after a while - the deeper veins will simply suffer.

Prevention is very simple. It is necessary to move properly and there are products useful for your veins. Among the sports that have a beneficial effect on venous vessels are swimming, walking, walking, but weightlifting, tennis and high jumps do not need anything, for they only increase the burden on the veins.

During work, especially if you have toa long time to sit or stand, try to move more: change the pose, do not sit "foot on foot," several times a day to do simple exercises. For example, to step from foot to foot, walk quickly. Very simple movements of Russian folk dance are very effective - stop on the heel, on the toe, again on the heel with the feet stamping. To the astonished looks of your employees, answer that you invite them to dance and dance together as a production gymnastics!

The products we use also helpwe avoid trouble with our feet. For example, the walls of venous vessels for elasticity and strength require vitamins and trace elements that are contained in raw vegetables and fruits. Especially useful are green apples, cabbage and citrus fruits (if they are not allergic). Seafood, onions, garlic, lemons, figs and grape juice are simply necessary for our veins, since they have a positive effect on the composition and quality of the blood. But about fatty, fried foods will have to be forgotten.

If the problem has already been manifested, but now the periodrelative calm, and you would like to avoid it in the future, the best guarantor will again be the natural medicinal products-phleboprotectors, which strengthen the veins as much as if you could eat 45 kilograms of green apples a day. Taking their courses at least 2 times a year, you prevent the emergence of new "stars" and "knots", which, in fact, is our goal. In addition, it is important to remember that you should take care of yourself from hot tubs, saunas, solariums or stay in the hot sun, as all thermal procedures lead to increased blood filling of the venous system and its overload.

Expert: Vladimir Seleznev, surgeon of State Clinical Hospital № 29 named after. NE Bauman

All articles of the author: Troshina Tatiana

Sore feet? Varicose veins - how to prevent and what to do

Excellent with varicose veinus helps, I drink a second course - after giving birth I have very much this problem got up - and now almost everything is ok.

2014-10-12 12/10/2014 14:18:50, Tanyusik

Sore feet? Varicose veins - how to prevent and what to do

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2014-05-29 05/29/2014 11:40:36, simmonka

Sore feet? Varicose veins - how to prevent and what to do

Hello! I have had varicose veins for a long time. What I just did not do ((And ointments, and exercises did not help, I could not wear skirts, heels! And for me, as for every girl, it's important! I work constantly in a sedentary mode! To work and from work by car Almost did not go on foot, that's the result (I turned to the MED4YOU polyclinic, on the recommendation of my good friend.) She once treated a leech course in that clinic and praised doctors and their work, attitude and approach to the patient! I trust her and listened to the advice! After getting there I was politely conducted to the doctor., Doctor, Belaletdinova Nailya Nadyrovna, very attentive and polite! She supported me, as a woman, she calmed me! She sent me for a blood test, without him in any way! - I would not hesitate to start treatment without blood coagulation and hemoglobin! it hurt, and it was just how disgusting it was! She calmed me down, explained everything! Thank her for such patience))) I'll say honestly, it does not hurt! It's no longer pleasant! So you should not be afraid of it! After the course of treatment, I have all improved!) I was still advised by doctors! I adhere to them! Now I advise everyone to med4you! Money does not fight and the results are!)))

2013-11-07 07.11.2013 23:39:40, Oksana0406

Sore feet? Varicose veins - how to prevent and what to do

Thank you very much for the flock very much, informatively. I want to share my story. Mama is 68 years old, she was a worker in the workshop for assembling spare parts, she worked at the plant for 20 years. The work is hard, constantly on legs, besides every summer is a garden. Before the age of 60, she had no problems with veins, I was even surprised, because at the very feet often swell by the end of the working day. The last year, in addition to puffiness in my mother, began to appear pain below the knee. Doctors in a polyclinic have written out what that ointments, compresses. The effect was insignificant, but try to an old man to explain that the ointment will help. Folk recipes are also not an option. Then I took her to MED4YOU clinic, to hirudotherapy courses, well, which with leeches. You will not believe, after a week of sessions, the swelling has decreased, and most importantly the pain is gone, my mother is happy. By the way, doctors still take a blood test after such procedures, control the state of health, thank you for the care Gulcine Kashapovna. Now I think to enroll myself on the courses, so long have I dreamed of ease in the legs after a working day, the more doctors said that I may have a predisposition on the maternal line.

2013-11-06 06.11.2013 11:45:58, Valentina Semenovna

Sore feet? Varicose veins - how to prevent and what to do

I have a friend such problems, now I'll know what she can advise. If all will help you accomplish your goal.

2013-03-26 03/26/2013 18:28:45, Sumarka

Total 7 messages, read the discussion in full.