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Schizophrenia, severe mental disorder,influencing many functions of consciousness and behavior, including thought processes, perception, emotions (affects), motivation and even the motor sphere. It is best to treat schizophrenia as a syndrome, i.e. a combination of symptoms and signs, since there is no agreement on the cause of the disease. Practice also suggests that schizophrenia includes several disorders. Each of them is distinguished by the unique nature of the current and, to some extent, the family history (medical history of the family). When determining the type of disorder, a combination of symptoms and symptoms is taken into account.
There are many hypotheses about the causes of schizophrenia,beginning with theories that treat unhealthy relationships in the family as such a cause, to biochemical concepts suggesting that the underlying cause of the disease is a disruption in the metabolism of the brain, leading, for example, to the production of substances that cause hallucinations. Studies of twins and foster children prove the importance of the genetic factor, but the mechanism of its manifestation and the method of hereditary transmission are unknown.
Disease.))) The split personality is called ...)))
Mental illness, and if you want to learn more, enter the name in the search and there will be a bunch of sites where you can read.
A special perception of the world, sometimesa painful form when a person suffers from this, and if you live in peace with the world and look at it differently than everything, then there is nothing terrible in this, if it is pressing, then it is necessary to engage in some creativity, because schizophrenia is an unrealized energy of images.
it's a disease))) when a person bazaar himself with himself as if it's another person, well, or when he presents himself to another, Napoleon for example)))
Here you will find many articles and books about this disease, many of them will be of interest to a person who has nothing to do with him.
Schizophrenia is a mental illness thatoccurs with rapidly or slowly developing changes in the personality of a particular type (a reduction in the energy potential, progressive introversion, emotional impoverishment, "discordance," that is, the loss of the unity of mental processes). The development of such a personal deficit (defect) is closely related to various, fluctuating in their intensity productive symptoms and syndromes - neurotic and psychopathic, affective, delusional, hallucinatory (predominantly pseudohallucinatory), hebephrenic, catatonic, and onyroid darkening of consciousness. Although the productive symptoms of the disease are nonspecific for schizophrenia, their combination with a special personality defect leads to the formation of syndromes characteristic of this disease with regular dynamics. The development of the disease, especially its pronounced forms, leads to a distortion or loss of previous social connections, a decrease in mental activity, a sharp violation of behavior, especially when exacerbating delusions, hallucinations and other productive disorders. As a result, significant disadaptation of patients in society occurs. However, many patients with a favorable (mild, little-progressive) course of the disease do not need long-term hospitalization, retain the ability to adapt, in some cases are engaged in highly productive professional, including creative, activity. Similar favorable opportunities for adaptation are created during the course of the disease with rare seizures.
Modern psychiatry has great potential for the treatment and rehabilitation of schizophrenic patients. The fatal approach to the clinical and social prognosis for this disease is devoid of grounds.
Epidemiological information. The incidence of schizophrenia varies greatly. This depends primarily on the organization of psychiatric care in a particular area. With a well-organized hospital and especially community-based care, more patients are identified, primarily with primary and non-coarse forms. Differences in the diagnostic settings of different psychiatric schools and directions are also important. According to epidemiological studies in one district of Moscow, the incidence of schizophrenia is 1.91 per 1000 population (1.98 in men and 1.85 in women). Soreness also varies depending on the above reasons (2.5 to 10 per 1000 population over 15 years). The disease can begin at any age, but more often in persons 15 to 25 years of age.
Etiology and pathogenesis. The causes of schizophrenia, as well as the pathogenetic mechanisms of its development, have not been sufficiently studied. A significant number of cases of disease and schizoid personality anomalies in families of schizophrenic patients indicate the important role of the constitutional-genetic factor. This is also indicated by the much higher concordance in identical twins as compared with the twins. However, there are no clear patterns in the inheritance of schizophrenia, and this indicates a hereditary predisposition to the disease and the existence of some mechanisms of its manifestation that have not yet been studied. Hereditary burdens significantly affect the formation, which is evident from the similarity of the forms of the disease in the families of high-frequency affective, and affective-delirious psychoses in families of patients with paroxysmal schizophrenia and the absence of such psychoses in families of patients with continuous-flowing schizophrenia. An important pathogenetic value is also of gender and age. Relatively less progredient periodic forms are found mainly in women, and the most progressive, continuously flowing, especially malignant, in men. Less favorably occurs schizophrenia, manifested in childhood and adolescence. Relatively less progredient forms of the disease that occurred in middle age.
Schizophrenia is a disease when someone happensviolation of the motivational and need sphere. The emergence of a significant gap between the majority of motives and reality, as well as a violation of cognitive activity and the operational side of thinking. If it's easier for a person to live in two worlds at the same time, without distinguishing between fiction and truth.