Congestive swelling of the legs
Lymphostasis or in a simple way congestion of lymph can not be considered only a cosmetic problem. This diagnosis means excessive accumulation of lymph, extracellular fluid by the body. This in turn leads to puffiness phenomena. In this case, many organs in the body suffer. With insufficient lymphatic circulation, the body accumulates excess lymph.
Lymphostasis affects and reconstructslymphatic vessels. Often there is a blockage of small vessels. Stagnation of lymph causes swelling of not only the legs, but also the arms, trunk. More recently, suitable clothing has become tight. And you start thinking that it's time to lose weight. But the reason for the tightness of clothes is not in excess weight, but in puffiness. While this phenomenon does not adorn, it threatens with a violation of metabolism, and a decrease in immunity, and other health problems. This disease is difficult to treat. Therefore, it is very important to prevent its development. When the first symptoms appear, everything must be done to prevent the disease from developing. It's better to warn than to heal.
The causes of stagnation of lymph can be multiple. The patient may have a birth defect in the lymphatic vessels. Often stasis of lymph is formed after chemotherapy. In this case, it is caused by the defeat of small and large vessels. The same damage occurs with various surgical interventions, injuries, fractures. To puffiness and stagnation lead long exposure to the sun, burns, prolonged thermal effects, for example, a sauna, a sauna.
With intensive physical exertionthere is a slight swelling of the overloaded muscles or limbs. As a result of squeezing lymph vessels due to obesity, trauma, inflammation or transmission, lymph gland stagnation occurs in the body. The cause may be hypertension or pyelonephritis.
Not infrequently stagnation of lymph leads to such a disease as varicose veins, heart disease, kidneys, liver.
Stasis of lymph and its symptoms
Lung stagnation can be accompanied by a multitudeSymptoms, but the main symptom of stagnation of lymph is edema. They come in different degrees and longitudes. But if you have periodic swelling of the limbs, then you can talk about stagnation of lymph. If you swell in the evening, and in the morning you do not find this symptom, then there may be lymphostasis in mild form, the initial degree.
If such edema does not pass by itself,then it is necessary to consult a doctor. Thus, with lymphostasis of moderate severity, the growth of connective tissue develops. Puffiness leads to tightness of the skin. If you press down such a skin, then on it a long trace of pressure is visible. All this leads to rapid fatigue, limb damage, convulsions.
When the degree of disease is more red,development of elephantiasis. The structure of the skin changes. The disease is accompanied by ulcers, eczema or inflammation of the skin. If you do not start treatment, then lymphatic stasis can cause lymphatic coma. That in the future will lead to death.
Forms of lymphatic stasis are two: primary and secondary form of the disease. In the primary form, lymphatic vessels are congenital. It can be anomalies of the lymphatic pathways, a violation of blood supply. In this case, limbs are affected. Symptoms of stagnation of lymph are visible in early childhood, and to the adolescent period only increase.
Secondary lymphostasis develops on the background of other diseases. Most often, women are exposed to such a defeat.
There are three stages of stasis of lymph in the body. At the first stage, swelling goes without intervention. On the second - develops not passing puffiness. Stagnation of lymph in the third stage of the disease is not cured, leads to elephantiasis and other problems.
Stasis of lymph and its diagnosis is performed by a physicianphlebologist or lymphologist. Depending on the edema of the extremities, ultrasound is prescribed. If stasis is observed in the legs, then check the organs of the small pelvis. With stagnation in the hands, the organs of the chest are subjected to check.
X-ray lymphography, MRI, helps to identify the disease. In this case, the doctor must exclude the pathology of the veins.
When treating stagnation of lymph it is necessary to restore outflowher from the extremities, to liquidate her stagnation in other organs. To do this, apply a variety of massages aimed at improving the outflow. The patient is recommended to follow a diet, limit the use of salt. We recommend gentle sports. It can be swimming, walking, physiotherapy exercises. It is necessary to activate the body's production of sweat. With it, harmful substances come out of the body. Try not to use deodorants, which stop sweating. Pay close attention to your hygiene. The skin should be clean.
Stasis of lymph is also treated with medicines. From medicines appoint enzymes, angioprotectors, immunostimulants. If ulcers or eczema occur, then local treatment is performed, aimed at improving the skin condition.
Patient, to prevent puffiness, it is recommended to wear special compression underwear.
If conservative methods of treatment do not bring results, the patient is prescribed an operation. During the operation, the doctor restores the movement of lymph along the vessels, removes the causes of stagnation.
After the surgery, bed rest is recommended for 2-3 weeks.
Treatment should be directed at cleaningblood and lymph. For this purpose, the kidneys and liver are cleaned. There are people's means of purification of these organs. To remove excess fluid should take diuretics. So, with a liquid all harmful connections are washed out from an organism.
Folk remedies for treatment of lymphatic stasis
There are folk remedies for the treatment of stagnation of lymph. So to accelerate the movement of lymph folk medicine recommends drinking a solution of vinegar, water and honey. On a glass of water one spoon of apple cider vinegar and two tablespoons of honey are bred. You should drink at least 2 times a day.
For cleansing the kidneys, drink a decoction of herb spores, oregano, fir, leaves and ivan-tea flowers.
Eat a lot of red vegetables and fruits, drink red juice.
To activate blood, strengthen muscles, exercise, exercise.
Prevention and useful advice
Very often, the stasis of lymph is observed in those people who are forced to stay on their feet for a long time. Such professions include teachers, salesmen, musicians, doctors, sportsmen.
In order to prevent stagnation of the lymphtake certain precautions. If you cut your nails and do a manicure or pedicure, try not to injure the skin, so as not to damage the small vessels and not carry the infection.
If you have had a hand or foot injury to avoid lymphatic stasis, try not to overload this limb with work. Try to measure the pressure not on the damaged arm. The same applies to injections.
Prevent damage to your hands, work ingloves. Protect your legs and feet from minor injuries and cuts. If you are cut, do not be lazy to treat the wounds with antiseptics. If skin redness, suppuration and other long-lasting skin injuries, do not hesitate to contact your doctor.
Do not wear tight clothing that trapsbody or limbs. The same recommendations can be given about the tight shoes. All that pinches, can cause stagnation of lymph, violates the patency of blood vessels.
If your work is associated with long standing on your feet, always wear comfortable shoes, avoid high heels. When you come home, let your feet rest. Lie down, putting them high on the pillow.
For prevention of lymphostasis, it is useful to monitortheir weight and nutrition. Since obesity is one of the causes of the disease, watch your weight. Do not eat much salty, smoked. Focus on fresh vegetables and fruits. Drink plenty of water.
It is useful to perform a series of exercises thathelp prevent stagnation of lymph. These exercises should be done every morning after you wake up and in the evening, shortly before sleep. All rubbing of the body and limbs are carried out from the bottom up. This activates the movement of lymph, prevents its stagnation. First rub your face, cheeks, then your neck. Go on rubbing your hands. First rub the inner surface, then the outer one. Go to the feet. Feet, legs, knees, hips. It is not necessary to rub carefully, until the sensations of warmth in the skin appear. Then lie down and begin to alternately strain the muscles of the arms, legs, and hands. Such exercises activate lymph flow. But these exercises are contraindicated in pregnancy.