The swollen eyelids of a newborn

Future parents represent the newborna plump and smiling creature with cute wrinkles on the handles and legs. However, the baby, just born, is completely different from the kids from the magazine covers. And in the first minutes of the meeting this circumstance often causes confusion and bewilderment in the young mother.</ Em>

First glance
When looking at a barely born baby in mindcomes a lot of comparisons. Because of the disproportionately large head and small body, it seems like an alien. Thin handles and legs are arched under an uncharacteristic angle for a person, like a grasshopper's. Swollen eyelids, hiding disproportionately large chinks of the eyes, give similarity to a chipmunk. And the tangled, stuck together, tousled hairs cause in memory the appearance of a housekeeper? The kid turns his head away from the light, squintes, chaotic moves his hands and feet, screams? loud and inviting ?? and clearly does not share the enthusiasm of those around him who want to take a closer look at him.

Baby head
The head of the newborn looks like a turnipor pumpkin. Asymmetric, slightly flattened shape is caused by the displacement of the bones of the skull as it passes through the birth canal. If you touch the head of the child, you can clearly distinguish the protrusions formed as a result of partial application of the bones of the skull when squeezing during childbirth. Deformation is more noticeable in infants with a larger head and after prolonged delivery, less ?? in children who walked through the birth canal not with their heads, but with their legs, and is practically absent in babies born by cesarean section. In the case of a head presentation, the skull at birth is always somewhat modified, but in a few days the head assumes a rounded shape.

At the top of the baby is a relatively softa site called fontanel. Sometimes you can notice and feel how it pulsates at hand. The second soft spot is located on the parietal region of the head, closer to its posterior part. These areas can be touched and washed without fear, because under them there is a strong membrane. As the bones of the skull grow, the fontanel decreases. As for the amount of hair, it can be different? from total absence to violent hair.

On the area of ​​the head, which turned out to be during labor in the opposite directionthroat of the uterus (where, because of its contractions, the pressure was maximal), very often a swelling occurs due to edema, blood flow and small subcutaneous hemorrhages. Usually it disappears in a few days, but sometimes it dissolves within a few months and becomes firm to the touch.
Sometimes on the forehead, nose, or nape of the babythe spots are pinkish-reddish with a bluish tinge, slightly elevated above the surface of the skin. They are very large in size, especially the occipital ones. When a child screams or pushes, these spots appear brighter, which frightens inexperienced moms. This phenomenon is called telangiectasia ?? persistent expansion of the superficial vessels of the skin and mucous membranes. It is quite harmless and passes by itself. Very rarely, these tumors are pathological in nature.

Not like myself
The facial features can carry traces of a strongcompression: bluish swollen eyelids, cheeks swollen with a bluish tint, thin strokes of broken blood vessels, flat nose, chin depressed, some asymmetry. During the first day of life, the tumor gradually subsides, facial bones become in place, facial features change for the better.
Many babies are born with blue eyes,but after six months their color changes to the inherited from the parents. Sometimes on the eye proteins appear red spots: for example, in case of a hemorrhage caused by a lack of oxygen during pregnancy or because the child has had difficulty in carrying the delivery. Than else the kid can surprise mum, so it is a strabismus. Doctors explain this by the weakness of the eye-removing muscle. By the age of 6 months this condition passes by itself.

Skin covering
The skin of the crumb is covered with a whitish sticky substance. This is the so-called original grease, which protects the fetal skin during its intrauterine life from the impact of amniotic fluid and facilitates passage through the birth canal during childbirth. On the back, shoulders, cheeks and some other parts of the baby's body grow tender hairs, which are called languto. Sometimes such cover looks dense, as a fur, but practically disappears already to 3 months.

In general, the skin of newborns looks different. In large babies, it can be smooth, well-filled, thick, pink or reddish. For those who are smaller, it is loose and slightly wrinkled. In some children, the skin is very thin, with translucent blood vessels, especially noticeable on the nose, eyelids and the back. In addition, some sites may be red, others ?? pale pink. So how are the pens and legs ?? the final delivery points of blood, in the first few hours or days they will be cold and bluish. When the baby cries, it turns red, and the translucent blood vessels, especially in the middle of the forehead, are even more clearly visible. In the first 1 ?? 2 weeks after the birth of the baby, its skin can be dry, scaly, with cracks, especially on the palms. It does not threaten the health of the baby and does not require intervention.

Handles and legs
The baby's fists are tightly compressed and attracted toFace, when the child lies relaxed; some babies begin to explore their face with their hands in the first few hours after birth. They can even scratch their thin skin with long marigolds thick in a paper sheet. The skin in the lower part of the arms is usually bluish, wrinkled, with thick folds on the wrists. The pose, when the handles are pressed to the body, and the legs are crooked and pinned to the stomach, physicians are sublimely called the pose of the Buddha. Cams and feet have a bluish tint due to poorly adjusted blood circulation. It seems that the fingers on the legs get on one another. Over the relatively small heels sometimes hang over the folds of the skin. Tiny marigolds seem ingrown, although it is not. Sometimes my mother worries that the baby's feet are strongly wrapped inside or out. Both are explained by the weakness of the muscles in the ankle due to hypoxia during pregnancy. Such defects are easily corrected by means of massage.
Girls and boys

Disturbs mom and the appearance of the external genitalia. Vulva in girls and the scrotum in boys are often swollen, which is associated with an excess of fluid formed at birth, and an increased content of hormones in the mother's blood before giving birth. Vulva comes back to normal within 1 week, but the scrotum can stay swollen much longer. The foreskin is usually very tight against the head of the penis.

All questions regarding appearanceThe newborn usually develops in the mother usually after some time after childbirth. And in the first instant the woman simply feels great happiness from the fact that she finally saw her baby, which for her, of course, is the most, the most, the most ??

M.V. Timakov,
pediatrician, Ph.D.
head of pediatric
Department of the Clinic "Mother and Child"
(Group of companies "Mother and Child")