What can the legs drift from?
Edema, following medical terminology, isexcess filling of body tissues with liquid. Moreover, this excess accumulates in the intercellular structure of the body. What causes swelling in the human body, we will consider in the article a little lower. There are edemas local and general. Local edema has a local area of distribution and is formed around a particular organ or site of the vascular system.
Local edema can occur with bruises,dislocations, fractures, sprains. Experienced doctors and then not always can correctly diagnose the nature of injury. At all traumatic tumors the radiography is shown.
Edema accompanies joint diseases such as arthritis (rheumatic, rheumatoid, infectious). Painful puffiness occurs in the area of the affected joints.
Common pyoinflammatory processes accompanied by local edema are furuncle, panaritium, osteomyelitis. Edema is localized in the area of tissue damage.
General swelling becomes vivid whenaccumulation in the body of more than 3 liters of additional fluid. The occurrence of edemas in the whole body is associated with a delay in the kidneys of salt and water, which signals pathological processes in the human body. The reasons that cause these processes can be many.
The preliminary diagnosis is based on the nature of the edema, on which parts of the body edemas are formed, how they look, and what they feel by touch.
Edema in pregnancy begins with a woman's face. The nose and cheeks will swell. The presence of minor edema does not cause fear. But doctors regularly monitor the analysis and development of swelling, which can signal the increase in kidney problems. Swelling of the legs often occurs during the last stages of pregnancy. She usually appears in the evening. If the swelling is observed and in the mornings, appearing on the legs, face, waist and abdomen, then an urgent visit to the doctor is needed.
Allergic edema appears whendirect exposure to the allergen. The pathological state that occurs as a result of a reaction to an allergen is called Quincke's edema. The skin on the edematous face and limbs turns red and itches.
Swelling on the face appears quite often, soas under the skin of the face is fatty tissue, quite loose and capable of easily absorbing liquid. If the swelling of the face appears in the morning, while the pressure is increased, and the skin is soft and resembles a water-saturated sponge, it is most likely a signal about kidney diseases.
Edema on the face appeared later in the evening and dense to the touch, it speaks of heart failure.
Edema in the nose and eyes can occur with genyantritis, sinusitis, front. The cheek swells in the teeth.
Especially it is worth paying attention to the fact that the edema of the face is accompanied by a bluish tinge of the skin. This may indicate the presence of a clot in the superior vena cava.
Edema can cause venous or lymphatic insufficiency.
Swelling of lower extremities and abdominal cavity atstanding, as well as pain in the back and area of the sacrum, should be alerted, because they are characteristic of liver and kidney disease. Only the medicine is able to help in this state.
With various diseases of the heart, edemasare caused by heart failure. This - arterial hypertension, angina, myocarditis, arrhythmia. Edema caused by heart disease is characterized by some features. The further the vessels are from the heart, the more difficult is the flow of blood in them. A rise in pressure appears in the capillaries. Capillaries - numerous and thin vessels, located in the intercellular space. The structure of various tissues includes a different number of capillaries. The total number of these tiny vessels is huge. The main function of capillaries is to ensure transcapillary exchange. The cells are supplied with nutrients, from which the waste products are removed. The pressure created in the capillaries by the work of the heart is called hydrostatic, the pressure in the tissues is ontological. With a balanced work of the body, the inflow of liquid into the capillaries is equal to the outflow from them. With increased hydrostatic pressure, the outflow from the capillaries intensifies, and the liquid is distributed in the intercellular space. Accumulating, it forms edematous areas. Usually these are the legs, since the force of gravity prevents the blood from being completely overtaken due to impaired cardiac activity.
To determine the completeness of the picture, computer tomography is performed, an electrocardiogram is made, a blood test is performed, blood pressure is regularly measured.
Diseases or pathologies of the kidneys are alsothe cause of the appearance of swelling. Such diseases include pyelonephritis, amyloidosis, atherosclerosis, as well as injuries and kidney tumors. Puffiness is localized, mostly on the face in the mornings, when when drunk the day before the liquid accumulates overnight in the body. If the skin has an unhealthy pale appearance, this indicates a violation of the ability of the kidneys to produce the substances needed for the hemopoiesis.
Therapists and narrow specialists are engaged in treatment of kidneys and, accordingly, renal edema: urologists and nephrologists.
Edema diseases are observed in liver diseasesdirectly in the abdominal cavity. Other symptoms are observed: jaundice, weakness, indigestion, which is typical for chronic hepatitis, tumors, and cirrhosis. Preliminary diagnosis is established by the therapist, and the exact diagnosis is by the hepatologist and gastroenterologist.
There is a huge number of folk recipes,helping to fight the problem of edema. But you need to approach them with caution, having previously consulted a specialist. Especially dangerous is the self-administration of diuretics. Doctors do not recommend self-medication, in order not to provoke aggravation of the disease or other undesirable processes in the human body.