The nose of the newborn swells
Parents of newborns often facethe problem of nasal congestion in toddlers. The child is worried, does not sleep well. It is difficult for him not only to breathe, but also to eat, to suck a nipple. The newborn can not self-notice the mucus from the nose and can not breathe through the mouth. Purifying the baby's nose is the task of the parents. To competently help the child, you need to know the cause of the runny nose.
Types of coryza in infants how to treat
With any kind of rhinitis, the nasal mucosa in the baby swells, making breathing difficult. The resulting discharge fills the nasopharynx, blocking the airways. The lack of oxygen affects the lungs and heart.
Pediatricians distinguish four main types of rhinitis in infants:
In rare cases, nasal congestion can be caused by an innate curvature of the nasal septum.
Each type of cold has its own etiology, which is characteristic of the symptoms and requires a specific approach to treatment.
Physiological cold - causes, signs
A physiological runny nose occurs in infants from birth to 8-10 weeks. It is a consequence of underdevelopment of the mucosashell of the nose. Falling into the nose of a newborn, a drop of milk, dust particles, woolen villi from the blanket irritate the fragile mucosa and provoke the formation of exudate.
The mucous nasal cavity continues to evolve and adapt to life outside the mother's womb for eight to ten weeks. After this nasal congestion occurs in infants by itself.
- shortness of nasal breathing;
- consistently good overall health;
- the formation in the nasal cavity of liquid secretions in small quantities.
How to treat a runny nose of a physiological nature
This cold does not require special treatment. It is enough to wash the baby's nose regularly with a solution of sea salt or saline and to release it from the mucus with a cotton wool harness moistened with oil.
Symptoms and causes of infectious cold of newborns
Infectious rhinitis in infants appears on thebackground of viral respiratory diseases. The organism of the newly born little man has weak immunity. A child can easily become infected by an adult with influenza, ARVI or another infection transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, children under one year of age should be protected from contact with sick people.
Nasal congestion in this case is one of thesigns of a cold. Liquid, transparent mucus with the nose as the disease progresses becomes dense, with purulent impurities. In addition to the common cold, symptoms such as:
- redness in the throat;
- increased body temperature;
- decreased appetite;
- a bad dream.
Cold infections are dangerous for their complications. Edema from the nasal mucosa descends lower, into the bronchi and lungs, which in newborns are located close to the upper respiratory tract. Therefore, the infection spreads very quickly. To prevent bronchitis or pneumonia, not only symptomatic, but complex treatment of the disease is required.
How to treat an infectious cold
First of all, the baby should be shown to the doctor. The doctor will listen to the baby's lungs and prescribe the necessary medications.
That the baby had the opportunity to breathe,it is necessary to bury in the nose a drop of antiseptic action, which the doctor appointed, and give antibacterial drugs. In fact in this case it is necessary to cure the baby from infection - then there will pass and a runny nose. Drops narrowing the blood vessels should not be buried in the nose for more than five days.
Slime from the spout is best sucked off with a small rubber pear or child's aspirator. Also regularly clean up with cotton wool, moistened with oil, accumulating purulent discharge.
Under the baby's head for the time of illness,put a small pillow, giving the body an elevated position. The legs of the newborn should be kept warm. To warm the feet, you can grind them with balsam "star". Well warm feet woolen socks with a dried mustard in them.
While the child is sick, it is better not to bathe. Any cooling at this time can increase the stuffiness of the nose.
It is important not to allow drying of the exudate in the nose,so that dry crusts do not block the airways. Therefore, the room should be ventilated more often, put in it containers with water to maintain the humidity of the air. You can use appliances designed to humidify indoor air. Digging into the nose of saline helps to keep moisture mucous.
If the house has air conditioning, for the time of illness the baby should not include them, because they drip out the air.
Nasal congestion of an allergic nature
The cause of an allergic rhinitis may beany irritant that causes the baby to have an allergic reaction. It can be dust, animal hair, food, pollen of plants and much more. The signs of this kind of common cold are:
- frequent sneezing;
- general sluggish condition;
- transparent mucous discharge in the nose;
- redness of the conjunctiva of the eyes.
How to treat an allergic rhinitis
The main condition for effective treatment is removal from a sick allergen. To do this, you need to know what exactly causes the child to have an allergy.
A special analysis helps to identify the allergenblood. In parallel with the delivery of the analysis, it is necessary to treat stuffy nose of the baby, clearing the nasal sinuses from mucus, digging in drops, using antihistamines.
How to treat nasal congestion, when a baby's teeth are chopped
When a baby under a year begins to eruptteeth, he becomes restless, badly eats and sleeps, can even fever. Thus there is a small rhinitis. The symptoms are so similar to the onset of an infectious disease that some parents may not immediately recognize what is happening to their child in fact.
A "dental" runny nose is good because it passes along with the rest of the symptoms as soon as the tooth has erupted.
To relieve a newborn's breathing, you should:
- clean the nose with cotton buds;
- suck off the mucus with a rubber pear;
- bury in the nose drops or saline.
The use of folk remedies for the treatment of nasal congestion in infants
Time-tested folk remedies that facilitate nasal congestion in newborns are effective and safe.
One method is to warm the bridge of the nosefolded several times with a handkerchief, well heated with iron. Also bags of cloth with warmed salt or buckwheat are applied, which are applied to the child's spout.
As drops use:
- aloe juice;
- solution of honey in warm water;
- chamomile broth;
- drops of mother's milk;
- freshly squeezed carrot or beet juice;
- olive oil.
Remember that your task is not only to observetreatment regimen with nasal congestion in the newborn, but be at the same time calm, do not panic. The infant is sensitive to the condition of the father and mother. Your peace of mind will be transferred to him and help you recover faster.
The nasal congestion of the baby testifies,that the body actively struggles with the disease. The mucus produced in the nose tends to stop the infection, not to let it inside. Parental function - to help the baby's body cope with the disease.
During malaise, take the child more often in your arms, talk to him, stroke. He needs your caress, care, attention, your love.
Once the baby is healthy, begindo hardening procedures, accustom to the pool, massage, cool rubbing. Simple preventive measures will help in the future to prevent nasal congestion in your baby.