What to do if the feet swelled

In the evening, manynotice slight soft swelling around the ankles. Sometimes they appear from the back of the foot at the base of the fingers. Shoes suddenly become narrow, pressing in the rise, the appearance of the foot inspires fears. What are the causes of these swelling and what should I do in such cases? Responded phlebologist Rita Rushcharskaya.

If the swelling does not appear due to thetrauma - bruise, dislocation, infringement, these are the first signs of lymphedema - a chronic disease associated with lymph flow in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The essence of the violations in the following: in a certain area of ​​the body lymphatic vessels lose their "transport" abilities and lymph stagnation occurs.

This leads to a sharp deterioration in the protein andwater metabolism in tissues. The started stage of this disease is the so-called elephant disease - constant puffiness and severe deformity of the extremities, most often the legs. Stagnation of lymph and disturbance of oxidation-reduction processes in tissues threaten with various inflammatory processes, for example, erysipelas.

There is a whole range of reasons for thisdiseases: metabolic disorders, vascular weakness, endocrine changes, abnormalities in the biochemical composition of the blood, heavy physical labor, static loads, flat feet of the 2-3rd degree, and, of course, congenital anomalies of lymphatic vessels, their injuries and injuries. It is very important to detect the disease in the first stage, when the edema is localized on the foot. After rest in the morning, he, as a rule, disappears. In the hot season, edema increases. The skin in this area has a pale color, the pattern of the subcutaneous veins is almost invisible.

In these cases, bandaging of the affectedlimbs with elastic bandages, wearing medical elastic stockings. Special elastic pantyhose also suitable. Bandage feet should only be in the afternoon. During sleep, you can put a roller under your feet. Patients with flat feet should always wear orthodontic shoes or orthopedic shoes.

Heel size 2-4 cm is optimal forthe arch of foot. The physical exercises of the ankle joint help. Women, who regularly develop swelling of the ankles, can not work on their feet all day and carry heavy bags. It is very important to go in for sports or physiotherapy: go skiing, swim in the pool, jog. Helps a low-calorie diet with restriction of table salt and control over the amount of fluid consumed.

If after rest and bandaging swelling does not pass,become hard to the touch, spread to the shins, the skin temperature in their area rises, you should consult a doctor. At this stage, doctors prescribe courses of treatment with troxevasin, aspirin, connects diuretics, vitamin therapy: ascorutin, injections of vitamins B1, B6, and C. Physiotherapeutic treatment is suitable for massage and pneumomassage of the extremities (with the condition that there are no contraindications to them), hydrogen sulfide and radon baths .

The diagnosis of flatfoot

Lymphedema requires a long and persistenttreatment. Many start the disease, do not pay attention to its early stages and subsequently it will be difficult to fight it. Now many young women go on very high heels. But if you are prone to swelling or you have flat feet, wearing too high a heel is not desirable. By the way, you yourself can check if you have flat feet.

Dip a foot in warm water, shake it off andput it on a sheet of paper. If you get a trace consisting of two separate spots or connected by a thin isthmus of spots - everything is in order. If the track is single - you have a flat foot. In time, the flat feet found in children can be corrected, then the risk of getting lymphedema in adulthood will be less.

Vadim Kirillov / ya-baby.net/