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Acute deep thrombophlebitis. In the first days of the disease there are severe painsin limbs, the body temperature rises to 39.5-40 ° C, there is a significant swelling of the entire limb, the skin on it becomes tense, shiny, pale, and sometimes cyanotic.

The affected limb is usually colder than the healthy one. In acute purulent thrombophlebitis, multiple abscesses are observed along the vein thrombosed, which can lead to limb phlegmon. In some patients, acute thrombophlebitis becomes subacute or chronic. The duration of acute thrombophlebitis is from 10 days to 3 months or more.

Acute superficial thrombophlebitis begins unsharply expressed pain along the waysuperficial venous trunks, an increase in body temperature to 37.5 ° C, rarely up to 38 ° C; later the temperature becomes subfebrile or normal. There is a small swelling of the affected limb. In the course of veins, the skin is hyperemic in the form of bands, later, seals of various sizes appear depending on the diameter of the affected vein. These infiltrates can be determined with careful palpation. The lower extremities are more often affected by a large and rarely - a small subcutaneous vein.

Chronic deep and superficial thrombophlebitis runs from several months to 1 year or more. With chronic superficial thrombophlebitis, there is usually no edema, as the veins of the affected veins show sharply pronounced painless palpations, often in the form of distinct knots. Chronic thrombophlebitis often recurs.

For migrating thrombophlebitis the defeat is predominantlysuperficial veins of the upper and lower extremities. Suddenly, painful nodules appear along the course of superficial veins in different parts of one or another limb, the skin over them swells up and turns red. The general state changes little. Body temperature is often subfebrile. Migrating thrombophlebitis often recurs and lasts for years. The disease is more common in men. It is characterized by simultaneous lesion of the arteries and belongs to the group of obliterative thromboangiitis.

Postoperative thrombosis (phlebothrombosis) and embolism are severecomplications, which are usually detected on the 7-10th day after surgery in the femoral veins and veins of the calf muscles. More often phlebothrombosis is observed after surgery for cancer in patients who for a long time lie without movement and later begin to turn in bed and walk. With early movements and getting up after surgery, thromboses are rarely seen.

"Pain, swelling of the extremity, high fever as symptoms of thrombophlebitis" - an article from the section Surgical diseases