Legs from knee to foot swelled
A few decades ago, pain in the legsmostly only elderly people. At the same time, diseases are getting younger and it's no longer a rarity when the leg hurts from the knee to the foot of the child. Often young people complain about such problems.
If you feel discomfort in your legs, then nothurry to take painkillers that can drown out the manifestation of the problem. After all, they can not eliminate it. If you do not want the feeling of discomfort to become your eternal companion, if you have any worries, it's better to go to a specialist.
After all, if you have a pain from the knee to the foot, the reasons can be as follows:
• Injury. Often, aching pain accompanied by cracks, thinning of the bones, delamination of tissues.
• Damage to tendons, their ruptures or sprains.
• Inflammatory processes. They can affect both ligaments, and synovial bags or muscles.
• Hypodinamy. The lack of activity leads to certain violations, which are accompanied by a set of weight. The joints and muscles of the legs are not ready for this.
• Blockage of arteries, varicose veins. In such cases, there is a compressive pain in the calf muscles. Atherosclerosis is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the legs, which increase with walking.
• Damage to the knee cap or cyst.
• Flat feet, some diseases of the spine. These problems lead to an incorrect distribution of the load on the legs and, as a consequence, a feeling of pain.
To understand what to do when the leg hurtsfrom the knee to the foot, it is important to correctly establish the diagnosis. Only in this case the doctor will be able to prescribe a treatment that will not only eliminate the consequences of the illness in the form of unpleasant sensations, but also be able to cope with the cause of its appearance.
Often discomfort occurs as a result ofcontinuous loads. Problems manifest as minor pain while walking. Patients tend to underestimate them, because they do not know that in most cases any discomfort is indicative of the inflammation that has begun.
Also one of the most common reasonsWhat the leg hurts from the knee to the foot is the problem with the spine. Unpleasant sensations are amplified by squeezing the nerve roots. It can be with osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, spondylosis.
As a rule, the pain is not localized in anyone point, it extends to a width of up to 15 cm. This is evidence of extensive damage to the muscular structures of the foot. By the way, it was found that smokers complain more often that they hurt their legs, feet, knees. To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is not enough to visit one surgeon or an osteopath, sometimes a neurologist or phlebologist can determine the cause of the pain. It is also necessary to check the heart, the work of the vessels.
If you feel a feeling of squeezing in your legs, thenTo endure and wait for discomfort, it is impossible. After all, with time, severe pain begins, which does not even allow full movement. The disease is characterized by worsening of the blood flow in the arteries. Most often, atherosclerosis occurs in smokers, people suffering from diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension. Heredity also matters.
Determine the disease can be the usual biochemistry of blood, it is judged by the level of cholesterol. In addition to painful sensations, cramps that occur during physical activity should be alerted.
At the first stages of the development of the disease symptoms are manifested only with spasms of blood vessels. But over time and in a relaxed state, people feel that the leg is hurting from the knee to the foot.
Treatment may include drippers with the drug"Ilomedin", "Actovegin", also recommend the means "Cardiomagnolo", "Vazilip". Doctors at such disease advise to start to move more. If an attack of pain occurs while walking, then you must wait until it passes, and then continue to walk, but at a slower pace. It is important to follow a diet with low cholesterol, to give up fatty meat, egg yolks, sausages, smoked products. Use preferably unrefined and unrefined vegetable oil. It promotes the "resorption" of existing atherosclerotic plaques.
If at you because of an atherosclerosis the leg or foot hurtsknee to the foot, than to treat should be decided only by a specialist. He can prescribe the sequestrants of bile acids - they are designed to normalize the level of cholesterol. These can be preparations "Quantalan", "Questran", "Kolestid". Also, funds can be allocated "Zokor", "Lipostat", "Choletar". With diabetes, fibrates are prescribed - preparations "Clofibrate", "Bezafibrate". They lower the level of triglycerides in the blood.
If the medication methods do not help, then surgeons will come to the rescue.
Often the cause of pain in the region of the leg isthrombosis of blood vessels. Blood clots in the veins lead to stagnation and overstretch of the walls of the vessels. In such cases, the leg hurts from knee to foot all the time. Discomfort intensifies toward evening after exercise. The pain is aching in this case.
This condition is quite dangerous, because clots can migrate. They can move to the arteries of the lungs or the brain. This can cause strokes or thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries.
Even with the appearance of the initial stages of the diseaseyou can not ignore it. If you have a genetic predisposition to the development of the disease, then a phlebologist should be examined every 2 years. At the same time, ultrasound examination of veins is mandatory.
It is important not to forget about the need for compressiontherapy. Under the influence of compression, the diameter of the veins decreases, reflux can pass, and the speed of blood flow can increase. Also, medicines are used that increase the tone of the veins, improve the permeability of capillaries. It can be such means as "Routine", "Venarus", "Endotelon", "Escuzan", "Vazobral", "Glivenol" and the like.
The main treatment isphlebectomy. This is an operation during which the problematic veins are removed. Laser coagulation is also possible. With this minimally invasive method, you can get rid of problems without incisions. Staying in a hospital is not required.
Also, without incisions, treatment can be carried out withusing radio frequency coagulation. This method allows eliminating reflux in small or large subcutaneous veins without surgery. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia with ultrasound control of the process.
One of the modern methods is sclerotherapy. This is the gluing of veins with the help of a special drug that is injected into a vein.
As a result of increased loads on the legs anda combination of a number of unfavorable factors, a person may encounter what the leg hurts from the knee to the foot when walking, running and even at rest. This can be caused by arthritis, bursitis, tendititis, osteomyelitis, fasciitis. Each of the diseases can even lead to a limitation of the person's mobility.
Only a specialist can diagnose and select a treatment regimen. These diseases are accompanied by pain, swelling, sometimes the affected areas turn red, local hyperthermia appears.
Before starting to treat painful sensations in the joints, which cause the discomfort to extend from the foot to the knee, it is important to establish the true problem.
More often, the edema that occurs as a result of bursitis canspread on the muscles of the lower leg, causing pain and a sense of heaviness. To establish the diagnosis it is possible at visual survey on a bulging round swelling. It is confirmed by ultrasound. For treatment appoint non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, painkillers, for example, the drug "Ibuprofen" or "Codeine."
Various arthritis that affect the joint, alsocan cause the leg from knee to foot to hurt. What to do in this situation, you need to deal with a specialist. After all, discomfort, as a rule, occurs immediately in two legs. For treatment, the same analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs are often used. High efficiency is shown by physiotherapeutic procedures, restoration of cartilage by means of laser and HILT-therapy.
Any overload of joints and leg muscles, theirexcessive stretching, and even more so, blows, do not always pass without a trace. Various lesions are often complicated by the onset of inflammatory processes. If you have after the load, and the more trauma hurt the leg from the knee to the foot, than do not choose to treat yourself. Having silenced at any time the aching sensations, later you can face more serious problems.
Muscle disorders are characterized by the fact that in the beginningpain localized on the inner side of the tibia, slightly above the ankle. When you try to turn the foot or stand on tiptoe, it increases. When the muscles are stretched, the shin appears to be heavy, swollen. At palpation there is a marked soreness, it increases with movements. Sensations usually occur after excessive exercise, often they appear only after 12 or even 24 hours.
If you feel the tension of the musclesa sharp pain localized in the back of the shin, similar to a strong blow, then we can assume a rupture of muscles. At the same time, the tendon is partially and sometimes completely detached from them.
Also, pain can occur due to inflammationligaments, Achilles tendon damage and other problems. It can also occur as a result of a fracture of the bones of the lower leg. Each of the conditions requires consultation with the surgeon and choosing an individual treatment regimen.
Tactics of actions for mechanical damages
If you have stretched ligaments, broken your leg oroverstretched muscles, it is necessary to go to the doctor. Only he is able to determine the true cause of the problems. So, with bruises, it is often enough to apply cold and tightly bandage the affected area.
With sprains, sprains or muscle rupturesit is important to immobilize the patient. Often a plaster bandage is applied to the lower leg. It is also mandatory for fracture. In this case, the patient is forbidden to climb to his feet. Drug treatment is the taking of painkillers. The preparation "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen" can be prescribed.
If the Achilles tendon is damaged, then two joints are immobilized - the ankle and knee joint. Attack on the injured leg is prohibited.