Why swelling in the legs of a pregnant woman

Pregnancy is a special time for any woman. The feeling of a small life inside you is impossible to describe or compare with something.

But, unfortunately, this sublime state is often marred by various troubles. One of these troubles, and it occurs quite often, it is swelling of the legs during pregnancy.

Understand that this is an edema, and not just an increase in weight simply. It is necessary to press on the skin of the shins in front, where there are no muscles. If there is a fossa, this is a sure sign of an edema.

Causes of leg swelling in pregnant women

The reasons why the legs swell in women during pregnancy, there may be several:

  1. The natural accumulation of sodium in the body of a pregnant woman.
  2. Kidney diseases.
  3. Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
  4. Varicose veins.
  5. Gestosis (toxicosis of the second half of pregnancy).

Edemas - a norm or a pathology?

Many women swell legs during pregnancy. This can be a physiological condition. The fact that in the female body after the onset of pregnancy, there are changes. One of these changes is that the body begins to accumulate sodium, which attracts water. It is the fluid retention that causes the appearance of edema, especially the feet. When a woman consumes salty, fried foods, this process intensifies, and swelling increases. Hot weather also contributes to swelling. In the normal state, only the legs swell, as a rule, because of the force of gravity, the fluid tends to fall.

Should the swelling of the legs be considered a pathology?

Edema can be considered a deviation from the norm, ifa woman is gaining too much weight, edema takes up a large area of ​​the body. Spreading, they pass to the lower back, hands, face, that is, as if climb up. Pathological edema does not pass after rest, even compliance with diet and drinking regimen may not have results.

Too much weight means that a womanadded more than 20 kilograms during pregnancy. If the end of pregnancy is still far away, then you need to pay attention to the daily increase: in the amount of a week, it should not be more than 300 grams.

In the case of kidney disease orcardiovascular pathologies swelling of the legs due to the fact that the fluid is poorly excreted from the body, as the functions of the organs are disrupted. Such diseases, as a rule, are detected before pregnancy, and the woman is under the control of a doctor. If possible, appropriate treatment is prescribed.

Varicose veins most often worsen intime of pregnancy and often causes swelling of the legs. In this case, the attending physician must necessarily observe his patient and adjust the treatment, because pregnancy is a contraindication for taking many medications.

One of the complications of pregnancy, causing swelling of the legs is gestosis (late toxicosis or dropsy of pregnant women). This condition can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus.

  • persistent edema;
  • rapid increase in body weight;
  • decrease in urine output and predominance of nocturnal urination;
  • increased blood pressure or abrupt fluctuations;
  • the presence of protein in the urine;
  • bleeding, placental abruption.

All these signs are arranged according to the degreeincrease in the severity of gestosis. At first, neither a woman, nor a child, nothing is threatened, the state of health also does not suffer. However, you need to closely monitor the condition of the pregnant woman. When suspected of gestosis, it is recommended to carefully monitor the weight and amount of liquids and fluids released per day. If a woman releases the same amount of liquid as she drinks, then everything is in order. If less is allocated, then this can be considered an alarm signal.

The presence of protein in the urine is a signal thatnutrients are washed out, that is, the kidney filter works worse, misses what should remain. Lack of nutrients can affect the condition of both mother and child.

As the problem grows, not onlyedema increases, but blood pressure also increases. Especially significant is the diastolic pressure (lower), because the higher it is, the worse the placental blood flow, that is, the baby receives less nutrition and oxygen. Sharp fluctuations in pressure can cause quite sad consequences: detachment of the placenta, bleeding. Moreover, the situation can develop so quickly that doctors do not always have time to help and save the child's life.

How to help a pregnant woman? How to remove leg swelling? If the edema is caused by physiological causes, then it is not dangerous. But it is worth taking some measures.

Need a little more time to affordlie down, from time to time drink herbal tea with diuretic action and, of course, reduce the amount of salt in the food. If necessary, reduce the amount of liquid consumed to 1-1.2 liters per day. We must try to walk more, to sit less. If possible, then keep your legs elevated. During sleep, put a pillow under your feet. This will ensure the outflow of liquid. Not bad exercise helps, which is recommended for varicose veins, the so-called "bicycle".

As for pathological edema, the firstturn should be treated for diseases that have caused foot swelling, carefully treat your doctor's recommendations and carefully implement them. After all, a pregnant woman is not only responsible for herself.