Swelling of the feet at the back

This term is familiar to many people, far frommedicine. However, it is distributed exclusively within the post-Soviet space. In international classifications there is no such disease as vegetative-vascular dystonia. However, this is really not a disease. This is a condition in which the work of the autonomic nervous system is disrupted. It can manifest itself in different ways - hence the wealth of symptoms (from general weakness to attacks of suffocation).

For vegetative-vascular dystonia is characteristic of suchThe picture: the patient addresses to the doctor with numerous and very various complaints, however analyzes and researches show that he has no serious illnesses. That is, the internal organs are healthy, and the person feels bad. The reason is that the autonomic nervous system does not cope with its duties. Simply put, it begins to give contradictory and inadequate commands to the authorities, which leads to a breakdown in their work.

Why does the nervous system behave this way? The reasons may be different, but usually it is a strong stress - both emotional and climatic, hormonal, etc. Perhaps that is why vegetative-vascular dystonia is more often affected by women - beings more sensitive and receptive. In general, up to 80% of people have problems with the autonomic nervous system.

What happens to the body with the VSD

To understand what is going wrong, you needto know what functions the autonomic nervous system performs. To begin with, it is worthwhile to understand that this system works autonomously from human consciousness. In fact, it is a kind of autopilot, which makes sure that:

  • the normal body temperature was maintained;
  • the heart contracted a certain number of times;
  • the metabolism occurred at a given rate;
  • sweat was allocated in sufficient quantity, and so on.

That is, the autonomic nervous system isthe regulation of processes that occur in the body. She is responsible for its adaptation to environmental conditions. Sudden cooling, excessive mental stress, a strong emotional shock, a change in climate - in the norm the organism adapts to changes smoothly and unnoticeably for a person. If the nervous system "upsets", an inadequate reaction follows.

To recognize vegetative-vascular dystonia helpsa number of signs that can be absolutely opposite. For example, rapid or, on the contrary, slow heart rate. The explanation is quite simple: the autonomic nervous system includes two main departments, which work in turn. The sympathetic department is active during the day - it helps a person to stay awake, cope with mental and physical stresses. And the parasympathetic department dominates at night. Its task is to provide the body with a proper rest, to restore strength. If the balance is broken and the departments work "out of schedule", this invariably affects the person's health.

When the sympathetic department is overly active, the following symptoms are observed:

  • heart palpitations, chest pain;
  • temperature increase ;
  • poor heat tolerance;
  • frequent urination;
  • high blood pressure;
  • coldness of feet and hands;
  • pallor of the skin;
  • excessive excitability, anxiety;
  • increased working capacity;
  • sense of anxiety.

If the parasympathetic department is more active, the VSD manifests itself differently:

  • heartbeat slows down;
  • blood pressure drops;
  • can lower body temperature;
  • a lump appears in the throat;
  • there are problems with breathing (lack of air, shortness of breath, shortness of breath);
  • cold is very poorly tolerated;
  • dizziness and even fainting are possible;
  • a person is disturbed by constipation, abdominal pain. nausea;
  • the skin becomes "marble";
  • comes apathy, depression;
  • decreases working capacity.

Also for vegetative-vascular dystonia are characteristicheadaches, sweating, meteosensitivity, various phobias, a state of anxiety. Symptoms may be weak, but can significantly reduce a person's quality of life. It happens that VSD proceeds paroxysmally.

To get rid of vegetative-vascular dystonia,do not necessarily swallow the pill. It is much more important to organize your life in such a way that you have enough time for sleep and rest, so that stresses are as low as possible, so that the food is healthy and balanced. The "right" regime of the day and the rejection of bad habits are the most effective medicines. Although medications are also used to eliminate symptoms of VSD. In addition, massage, phyto-, needle-and physiotherapy, spa treatment are shown.

At the same time, there is an opinion that forever forget aboutVSD is possible only through psychotherapy. It is believed that this way you can get to the root cause and eliminate it. Therefore, declaring war on vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is necessary to enlist the support of an experienced psychiatrist or psychotherapist.