Why do leg swelling occur?

Vladimir Yashin, general practitioner, teacher of Moscow medical school No. 13, author of the textbook "Healthy lifestyle"

Describes Vladimir Yashin, general practitioner, teacher of Moscow medical school No. 13, author of the textbook "Healthy way of life" .

What is edema? According to the scientific definition, this is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues. The human body is 70% water. About 2/3 of it is inside the cells, and 1/3 - in the intercellular space. The increase in the volume of fluid in the intercellular space, in fact, is the edema.

There are local and general edema. The first is attached to a particular organ or site of the vascular bed. It happens, for example, with diseases of the lymphatic vessels or veins of the lower extremities, allergic edema of the face. General swelling is accompanied by swelling of the tissues throughout the body and is characteristic of diseases of the heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract. General swelling becomes noticeable with the accumulation of three or more liters of fluid in the body, most often as a result of kidney failure of salt and water.

In either case, swelling signals thatyou are going through some kind of pathological process and it's time to pay attention to it. There are many reasons why there is swelling. We will consider some of them, the most common ones.

One of the causes of edema isincreased pressure in the thinnest blood vessels - capillaries. Another reason is associated with a decrease in the content of proteins in the blood plasma, especially albumins. This leads to a decrease in osmotic pressure and the release of fluid from the bloodstream into the tissue. The formation of edema is also caused by an increase in the permeability of capillaries, which develops as a result of their toxic damage or inflammation. The treatment of these ailments should be addressed to a physician-therapist.

Edema inevitably accompanies inflammatorydiseases of the veins on the legs: phlebitis or thrombophlebitis. At the same time, the leg reddens and hurts both at rest and when touched. If you have swollen legs regularly. but do not blush, this indicates the development of varicose veins. Venous edema is soft to the touch, the skin is warm when touched, sometimes with a bluish tinge.

Fortunately, the legs can swell and "just like that" - fromheat and fatigue. But in this case, the swelling is irregular: it is worth to lie down with your feet up, pamper your feet with warm baths - the swelling passes and does not return.

Remember that the edema itself is notdisease. It can only be an important symptom that indicates the presence of a particular ailment. Therefore, with the regular occurrence of swelling should always consult with a specialist.

Determine whether you have varicose veins, and also cure phlebitis or thrombophlebitis can be a phlebologist.

Allergic edema can occur in anyplaces of the body. They are dense to the touch, accompanied by pruritus and reddening, and sometimes the appearance of small-scale rash. With such swelling, you should consult an allergist and not only to heal the symptoms, but also to eliminate the root of the problem - the allergy itself.

Edema on the ankles is a very disturbing symptom,because it signals about impending heart failure. Heart puffiness is preceded by shortness of breath. As the heart disease develops, edema can gradually increase in volume - from the ankles up to the hips. The skin in the zone of "cardiac" edema is pale blue, stretched, cold to the touch. If you find yourself experiencing such edema, you need to see a cardiologist.

Fighting swelling: sleep, grass and light body massage help

Kidneys, not coping with work on one way or anotherreasons, can also send water to the intercellular space, forming edema. "Kidney" edema is mild. doughy, appear most often on the face, and in the morning. The skin in the area of ​​swelling is dry and pale. It is noteworthy that renal edema is often "floating", that is, it quickly moves when the position of the body changes. Kidneys are treated by urologists.

If the swelling is not associated with any seriousthe following recommendations can help. First of all, you should limit consumption of spicy and fried foods, as well as liquids, especially at bedtime. The menu should contain products cooked for a couple, greens (in the first place - parsley), fresh fruits and vegetables. It is useful to drink a decoction of flaxseed: 4 teaspoons of seeds pour a liter of water and boil for 15 minutes. Then strain and take in a warm form 1/2 cup 3 times a day for 2-3 weeks. For taste, you can add a little lemon juice to the resulting broth.

The best means of preventing edemas - classesphysical culture. One of the best solutions is swimming. This discipline improves blood circulation and strengthens the body's vascular system. A good action is the massage of the fingers and toes.

In addition, harden the vessels and warnThe appearance of edema is helped by water procedures, in particular, a contrast shower. For this purpose, change the hot water 5-6 times to a cool one and vice versa. At the same time, observe the basic rule of hardening, which says: you have to get used to cold water gradually.

They say if you drink in the evening 2 liters of beer and sleepface down, then you can radically get rid of wrinkles. But jokes are jokes, and the swelling of the face is a very serious symptom. If the swelling appears in the morning and mostly around the eyes, you can say that it is a consequence of lack of sleep, overwork, drinking at night alcohol or ... disrupting the kidneys. And this is by no means a cosmetic defect, but a serious problem that requires close attention. So with regular appearance of swelling around the eyes, consult a doctor and he will prescribe the necessary tests.

It is necessary to be more often in the fresh air and move more. Edema is a stagnant phenomenon, and the better the "dispersed" all exchange systems, the less edema.

It is not recommended to wear shoes at too high heels, so as not to provoke swelling on the legs.

If the heat and fatigue of the feet swell, duringday, try at least 10-15 minutes to put them on a small elevation to facilitate the outflow of liquid. Also from the edema of the feet help warm baths with sea salt (one tablespoon per liter of water).

When swelling of the face you need to rub the peeled raw potato and squeeze the juice through the cheesecloth, which can lubricate the problem areas.