Swelling of the feet in children
Edema</ B> is an increase in the water content of the tissues. This increases the volume of water in the extracellular space, not belonging to the vascular bed. To establish puffiness it is possible by infringement of a skin fold between fingers. At the same time, the doughiness of the tissues is felt, and when the fingers are released on the skin, pits are visible on the compression site. Edema is common and local.
Diseases of the liver: general edema can complicate liver cirrhosis(a disease in which liver cells are replaced by connective tissue). In addition to edema, the child develops jaundice, the liver is noticeably enlarged (to the touch emerges from under the right costal arch), the stomach becomes large due to the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites).
Kidney disease:</ B> with acute inflammation of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis) inthe child suddenly raises the temperature and there is swelling, the most noticeable on the face. The face becomes round, the eyelids swell and hang over the eyes. The child seldom urinates, urine cloudy, sometimes with a trace of blood. With "nephrotic syndrome" edema develops gradually, gradually. Within days and weeks the child begins to gain weight gradually. At first, swelling is noticeable only around the eyes. Then, at some point, there is a pronounced general edema that affects the entire body, lower limbs.
Help:</ B> it is necessary to urgently call a doctor at home.
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels:</ B> edema of the legs and general edema can develop inthe result of heart failure caused by congenital heart defects, rheumatic myocardial inflammation, or severe anemia. A characteristic concomitant sign is shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, wheezing in the lungs.
Help:</ B> urgently call an ambulance.
Incorrect food:</ B> the scarcity of protein in food causes a general swelling. The child in this case is characterized by low height and weight, muscle dystrophy, weak mental development.
General swelling also occurs with excessive intake of salt and water, at the beginning of diabetes treatment, as a result of an allergic reaction to aspirin.
Edema around the eyes - there are with a strong crying, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyelids), an allergic reaction to eye drops.
Facial swelling occurs as an allergic componentreactions to drugs, food or cosmetics (about allergic edema is described in more detail in the article "Allergic Edema" in the section "Difficulty breathing").
Swelling of the feet often indicates cardiacinsufficiency. In the latter case, the pasty of the eyelids is also observed. Swelling of the extremities occurs with injuries, burns, insect bites (see section "Injuries").
Swelling and redness of the joints in the absence of trauma may indicate rheumatic joint damage (see section "Joint pain").
One-sided swelling of the cheeks - flux, develops withpurulent inflammation in the cavity of the tooth. When mumps (see section "Infectious Diseases") there is a local edema of the upper chest in the sternum due to a violation of lymph drainage.