What does foot swelling mean?
Swollen Feet Is a symptom typical of manydiseases. But most people do not consider it something serious, seeing in it only a cosmetic defect. Meanwhile, swelling or swelling of the legs is not always a harmless phenomenon. Often, such symptoms signal about the pathology of internal organs.
The most significant causes of swelling or swelling of the legs are the following:
Heart failure. In this disease chronic swelling or swelling appear on the lower legs, often after sleep. Towards evening they almost disappear. Swollen and left. and the right leg. If a person lays for a long time, edema appears on the lower back. And this is exactly the swelling, not the swelling. One from another it is very easy to differentiate: draw on the fibula with the knuckles of the fingers - if a deep impression is formed, the smoothness of the skin is not immediately restored - you are dealing with classic edema. When swelling, there should be no traces and depressions. Plus, edema of the shins with heart failure is accompanied by swelling of the palms, face, shortness of breath with little physical exertion, and, often, overweight. If you have found similar symptoms - consult a therapist or cardiologist. Then hand over the necessary tests (ECG, ultrasound of the heart, blood and urine analysis), and the doctor will be able to pick up the necessary medication for you. People with heart failure take medication for life.
Phlebeurysm. With varicose blood outflow is disturbed, so excess fluid stagnates in the lower extremities and eventually leaves the vessels in surrounding tissues. In this case, the swelling of the legs is gradual. You can not tell when the disease started. Through the skin are visible dilated vessels, there is a heaviness in the legs. Edema, in contrast to heart failure. appear later in the evening, and after sleep orrecreation is almost invisible. Characterized by asymmetric swelling of the legs. If the process is started, not treated for a long time, there are small hemorrhages or even sores appearing above the bulging sections of the veins. Found all the signs of varicose veins? Running to the phlebologist. The doctor will determine the severity and stage of the disease. In light cases it is quite possible to get by with medications and tight bandaging or using compression stockings and tights. In severe cases, surgery is required to remove the affected area of the vein.
Thrombophlebitis or phlebitis. This is a dangerous situation when a blood clotclogs the vein, so that excess fluid from the vessel goes into the tissue. Thrombophlebitis is accompanied by acute pain over the place of thrombosis, redness, fever in the affected limb, the skin becomes very hard and painful. Vienna is inflamed. Treatment of thrombophlebitis and phlebitis depending on the severity of the situation - drug or surgical.
Kidney pathology. People with kidney disease complain of swelling of not only the legs, but also the eyelids, the whole face, hands, neck. The reason is the inadequate functioning of the kidneys, resulting in a protein concentration albumin in the blood falls, which, in turn, causesthe fall in oncotic pressure and the release of fluid from the vascular bed into the surrounding tissues. As a rule, it is observed in people with glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis. Treatment of edema is the treatment of the underlying disease. Cure the kidneys - there will be swelling.
Diseases of the liver. If you are sick with cirrhosis, part of the hepatocytes -hepatic cells - are dead. As a result, the size of the functioning part of the liver decreases, and it is not fully able to accumulate liquid. If there is hepatic insufficiency due to hepatitis, malignant neoplasms, then the liver produces in small amounts or can not produce albumin at all, and the mechanism of edema formation in this case is the same as in renal failure. Treatment of the underlying disease is shown to be medically or, in severe cases, surgical. Swelling of the legs can appear and when squeezing the inferior vena cava, increased as a result of congestive heart failure or infectious-toxic diseases, as well as when the vein is squeezed by the tumor.
Starvation. Due to alimentary reasons, that isnon-compliance with the calories of consumed food, the long use of a variety of protein-free diets, vegetarianism, the body may lack protein. As a result, metabolism is disturbed and on the legs, and edema appears on the entire surface of the body. Treatment consists of correcting the diet and diet.
Sharp decrease in thyroid function - hypothyroidism - can also become culpritsswelling of the legs. People with thyroid insufficiency and iodine deficiency in the body are ill. Edema is manifested in the form of tibial myxedema - that is, swelling of the ankles, the skin looks swollen, puffy, waxy, in it, when pinched, pits are not formed. In addition to these signs in patients there is a pronounced brittle nails, impotence, menstrual irregularity in women, constant fatigue. If you find you have similar symptoms, you will need the help of an endocrinologist who will prescribe hormone therapy, appropriate medications and an iodine-containing diet.
People who survived coronary artery bypass graft surgery. can also feel some swellinglower limbs. The reason is that during the operation, veins from one or both legs are used to model a new anastamosis around the heart. In the postoperative period, inflammation of the subcutaneous fat around the affected vein is possible. However, in the process of rehabilitation, all edema is gone by itself. This situation does not require any specific treatment.
Some medications, such asantidepressants, beta-blockers, contraceptives can cause a side effect - swelling of the lower extremities. If to you it stirs or disturbs - inform the doctor, and he will replace medicines .
Diseases of the pericardium can cause swelling of the legs. Pericardium Stagnation occurs in the right lobeblood circulation and, as a result, swelling. To this dyspnea is added even at rest, pain in the heart, cyanosis. Treatment consists in the treatment of a disease that caused pericarditis, and in advanced cases an operation is required.
With the emtus: swollen feet
What can it mean and what to do with it?
- Liver disease - Diet, antiviral drugs, immunostimulants, diuretics, hormone therapy.
- Kidney disease (edema all over the body) - treatment of the underlying disease, corticosteroids, hemodialysis, kidney transplant.
- Varicose veins - use of pulling stockings, compression bandages, drug therapy, surgery.
- Fasting (or strong distortions in the diet) - correction of diet and diet.
- Medications - replacement or cancellation of the undesirable effect of the drug.
- Low thyroid function - treatment by the administration of thyroid hormones, the appointment of an iodine-containing diet.
- Operation of coronary bypass bypass with leg veins - physiotherapy, use of a pull bandage.
- Pericarditis - Supportive drug therapy, operation.
- Heart failure (if both legs) - Treatment of insufficiency, daily intake of diuretics.
- Phlebitis (if one leg) - anticoagulants, anti-inflammatory drugs, with an acute process - surgery.