Edema of the face in the newborn

General edema usually serves as a manifestation of dropsy, andIt occurs in children born to mothers with diabetes. In premature newborns, it is due to a decrease in the ability to excrete water and sodium, but in some cases its origin is unknown. In newborns with hyaline membrane disease, swelling can occur outside of the connection with heart failure.

Edema of the head and face can be the resultcompression of the neck by the umbilical cord, and transient limited swelling of the hands and feet is a consequence of intrauterine compression. It can accompany heart failure associated with congenital heart disease even in the absence of noise. Delay in the excretion of electrolytes and water by the kidneys also leads to swelling with a sudden increase in the intake of electrolytes, especially when the baby is fed the formula prepared with cow's milk.

Blends rich in proteins also cause swellingdue to their large osmolarity, especially in premature infants. Although the association between low protein levels in the blood or low hemoglobin and edema has not been proven, transfusion of blood or plasma sometimes contributes to their rapid disappearance. They can also be caused by anemia with a deficiency of vitamin E in premature newborns. In rare cases, idiopathic hypoproteinemia and I in combination with edema, which lasts for several weeks or months, are observed in full-term newborns. The reason for it is not established; the course is favorable.

Prolonged swelling one limb or more may be a manifestation ofcongenital lymphedema (Milroy's disease), and in girls - Turner's syndrome. Generalized edema with hypoproteinemia occurs in newborns with congenital nephrosis or less with Hurler's syndrome, and may also result from the feeding of a newborn with cystic fibrosis with hypoallergic mixtures.

"Diseases of the fetus and newborn", prof. THEM. Vorontsov

Influence of cold on newborns

Cooling of newborns occurs even inheated rooms with a significant decrease in air temperature. There is hypothermia with apathy, refusal of food, oliguria and cold to touch skin. Body temperature.

Cooling of newborns occurs even inheated rooms with a significant decrease in air temperature. There is hypothermia with apathy, refusal of food, oliguria and cold to touch skin. Body temperature.

In clinically healthy newborns on the 2nd - 3rd day of life, the body temperature sometimes rises to 38-40 ° C. Most often it rises in newborns receiving.

Low sweating, characteristic of newborns, also contributes to the development of hyperthermia. The likelihood of hyperthermia is particularly high in too warmly dressed.

Other disorders leading to hypocalcemia are: 1 - a violation of absorption in the intestine, especially in the ileum, which is a place.

Biochemical indicators are not necessarily taken into account in the diagnosis. They include a calcium level below 75 mg / l and an increased serum phosphate content.

Hypomagnesemia of unknown etiology occurs in newborns relatively rarely, usually it accompanies hypocalcemia. It can also be connected with.