Arthritis of the knee joint edema

Arthritis is the pathology of the joints,lies the inflammatory process. Often the disease runs chronically and can bother people for years. Arthritis of the knee joint (gonarthritis, gonitis) is a widespread problem in the world, especially many of its cases are recorded in civilized countries: in Europe, in the US and in Russia, in Russia. The ailment often leads to disability, so if you have already been diagnosed, treatment should be comprehensive, and you need to start acting as soon as possible.

Types and forms of gonarthritis

The causes of gonarthritis, up tothe end is not clear. Gonarthritis can develop as an independent pathology, and be a symptom of other diseases, for example, rheumatism. There are primary and secondary forms of the disease. Primary arthritis is a pathology arising independently, "in itself", the secondary arises as a manifestation or complication of other diseases.

The primary forms include the following types of ailment:

septic - inflammation caused by pus-forming microbes;

rheumatoid - the defeat of different groups of joints, including knee;

idiopathic - of unknown origin.

As a manifestation or complication of other pathologies, knee arthritis is possible:

  • With osteoarthritis. Inflammation of the joint cavity occurs against the background of its deforming lesion and destruction of the cartilage.
  • With rheumatism. Rheumatism - a common disease of the body, in which most suffer from large joints and heart.
  • With psoriasis (diseases of the skin and connective tissue).
  • In case of lupus erythematosus (damage to the immune system).

With arthritis, the knee joint symptomscan be stormy, bright and slow. Since gonarthritis can be acute (starts suddenly and often occurs violently) and chronic (the first signs of the initial degree of the disease are invisible, the ailment proceeds for a long time with periodic exacerbations).

Also, inflammation can be one-sided and two-sided (symmetrical), for example, with rheumatism the process will always be two-sided.

How to distinguish inflammation of the knee joint from another lesion? Diagnosis is the task of the doctor.

Regardless of the causes of development in the manifestations of different forms of arthritis, there are common symptoms:

  • pain, aggravated by movement;
  • edema and swelling of the affected knee;
  • local fever and redness of the skin in the area of ​​inflammation;
  • reduction in the volume of movements in the joint.

Symptoms of arthritis of the knee joint may vary depending on the degree of the disease.

For 1 degree, minor pains are characteristic, in the morning hours there may be a limitation in knee mobility, which passes after a while.

2 degree is characterized by more serious signs: the pains become more intense, there is obvious swelling of the knee region, its redness and swelling. Difficulties in movement become more pronounced.

3 degree gonartirita - deforming arthritis, in which severe pain causes persistent spasm of the muscles, resulting in a deformation of the knee.

With gonarthritis, knees can be swollen

A lot is said about the harm of self-treatment, but forsuch a problem as arthritis, this is especially true. Therefore, to successfully treat the disease - be sure to contact an experienced doctor: after the examination, you will make an individual treatment scheme depending on the type of disease, its stage and all the features of your body. Traditional medicine for the treatment of knee arthritis uses pills, injections, and exercise therapy. Each type of pathology requires its approach, because both the mechanism of development, and the causes of the onset, and the symptoms of the disease in each case will be their own.

From medical preparations, anti-inflammatory drugs, preparations containing hormones and acetylsalicylic acid help to treat arthritis.

If the cause of inflammation is an infectious process, then antibiotics are prescribed. If the cause in some general pathology of the body - appropriate therapy is prescribed depending on the disease.

Of the topical medications ointments, creams and compresses are used, the purpose of which is to eliminate pain, remove swelling, improve blood circulation in the knee and warm it.

In severe cases (2-3 degree of disease or acuteher period) shows the treatment of knee arthritis with medications that are injected directly into the joint cavity with an injection. It can be hormonal agents with anti-inflammatory effect, chondroprotectors, which help to restore the normal structure of the joint structures, and some other drugs.

In the period of exacerbation of the pathology to the affected joints it is important to provide peace and warmth, sometimes a bed rest is prescribed.

You should follow a diet. Use:

  • Fresh vegetables and fruits.
  • Fatty fish. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, useful for articular cartilage.
  • Seafood containing chondroitin is a natural component that feeds cartilage. It's squid, shrimp, mussels.

Consumption of salty and spicy food should be limited.

Massage and manual therapy are also useful for the treatment of arthritis of the knee joint.

It is important to understand that the complete cure of the disease can only be an integrated approach.

In the photo procedure manual therapy

You can easily exercise gymnastics inhome conditions. It is important to do without sudden movements and excessive loads (both directly during the class, and in life in general). To treat the disease very well, exercises for smooth stretching help very well - they are very useful.

Consider a few simple and effective exercises that will help stop arthritis of the knee joint, and can also serve as a measure of its prevention.

Warm up. Stand up straight, put your feet together and put your hands on your knees. Perform several circular rotational movements with your knees in one and the other direction. When performing rotations, there may be a slight pain - this is normal, but if the pain is abrupt or gradually intensified - it is undesirable to do gymnastics.

Sit on a chair, put your feet on a smalldistance from each other. Raise one leg, take it to the side and hold it in this position for about 10 seconds. Return to the starting position. Do the exercise with the other leg.

Lie down on the floor, on your back. Pull the knee of one leg to the chest, hold it for a few seconds, then straighten the same leg up vertically and lower it to the floor. Do the exercise with the other leg.

The number of repetitions of each exercise at the beginningtraining should be no more than five, if a smaller number of approaches causes discomfort - do less. In the future, the number of approaches can be increased to ten.

A good addition to traditional methodstreatment are the means of traditional medicine, which can be successfully applied at home. To treat arthritis of the knee joint at home use anti-inflammatory herbal medicinal herbs, tinctures, compresses and home ointments that effectively relieve pain syndrome, reduce acute inflammation and prevent complications. A large number of effective recipes collected in the article "Treatment of arthritis with folk remedies."

Here are the main measures to prevent and prevent complications of the disease, which are aimed at eliminating the main causes of the disease:

  • avoid hypothermia of the feet, especially prolonged exposure to cold water;
  • If your work is associated with a long standing or sitting - take breaks for a small workout or walk;
  • observe a diet, fight with excess weight (if it is);
  • increase immunity and resistance of the body (a healthy lifestyle, hardening, vitamins);
  • give up bad habits.

Decide how to treat knee arthritis inin each case, of course, should a doctor. But the process of recovery largely depends on the patient. If you strictly follow all the doctor's recommendations and be attentive to your health - the chances of a favorable outcome are great, it is quite possible to cure the disease completely. Take care of yourself and be well!

Enter your name | 12.04.2015 at 21:25

FOR MY PAIN. WHICH I TRY. NO ONE EXERCISE I DO NOT DO

Anna | 10/27/2014 at 23:49

Rustam | 07/16/2014 at 05:48

Hello! I'm 47.A year ago, I started doing yoga and walking for 6-7 km a day. I threw off 15 kg. Recently, at a walk, the knee-sensation began to ache heavily that it was all covered with blood and it is impossible to bend it. There is nothing like a bicycle and an ellipsoid. Who in the "topic" tell me what you need to prick and drink in the complex-we do not have to go to hospitals, but I need to walk around for a lot. Thank you. (Yes, the problem seems due to the metabolism (gout), and 4 years ago I broke this knee.)

Daniyar | 9/22/2014 at 04:10

Rustam, I think the cause of pain is yoga. My brother had the same problem. Yoga stretches the ligaments of the knee joints after which they become soft and more sensitive to trauma. Therefore, doing yoga should not be given even an average load on your knees. Or limit the stretching exercises of knee ligaments. And it is better to study wushu. Exercises for stretching in Wushu are different from yoga. There is a stretching not ligaments, but muscles. It is the stretched muscles that give you great flexibility. In addition, in Wushu there are additional exercises to strengthen the joints.

Alex admin | 7/27/2014 at 07:13

Rustam, before being determined with treatment, costsfind out the reason for this state. You must without fail, without delay, show your knee to a traumatologist or trauma surgeon.

Lara | 04/08/2014 at 06:11

this is only a relief, in any disease it is important to identify and remove the cause, and as is known traditional medicine to prichene and a number does not fit

Marina | 12/01/2013 at 14:02

Gymnastics are important to do it. but only under the supervision of a doctor! In general, right now there are such medications as injections in the joint itself, which already facilitate the course of treatment, it's already real people feel relieved!

Nailya | 11/11/2013 at 19:38