Swelling in the ankles
If the ankles, feet, ankles swell - means, in the tissues stagnation of the liquid takes place, which has a medical name - peripheral edema.
Swelling, only if the cause of it is not trauma, usually not painful.
Swelling of the feet is quite common, since under gravity the fluid tends to stagnate at the bottom of the body.
Elderly people are often prone to this condition. And, although swelling of the legs does not pose a health hazard, It is important to know when to seek medical attention, since swelling can be a symptom of a serious illness.
The main causes of foot swelling
There are many causes of foot swelling. They include a certain lifestyle or medication. The most common causes of edema:
- the need to stand "on one's feet" for a long time;
- restriction of movement for a long period (especially during road trips or flights);
- taking estrogen or testosterone;
- taking certain antidepressants, such as tricyclics or MAO inhibitors (monoamine oxidases);
- taking certain drugs designed to stabilize blood pressure;
- reception of steroids;
- reception of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
Some diseases and physiological conditions can be the cause of edema. These include:
- natural changes during the woman's menstrual cycle;
- pre-eclampsia (a condition during pregnancy that causes high blood pressure);
- a thrombus in the leg;
- infections in the legs;
- Venous insufficiency (when the veins do not cope with the pumping of blood);
- consequences of pelvic surgery;
- deficiency of organs (especially cardiac, hepatic or renal);
- pericarditis (membrane swelling around the heart);
- lymphedema (a condition causing plugging in the lymphatic system);
- cirrhosis (scar processes in the liver);
What should I do to get rid of foot swelling? Is home treatment possible?
There are several measures that you can try at home if your legs swell regularly. They will help reduce swelling when it is there; and help prevent its appearance.
When you are lying, try to keep your feet above the level of the heart. You can put a pillow under your feet to make it more comfortable.
- remain active and monitor the condition of the legs;
- try to reduce salt intake;
- maintain a healthy body weight;
- purchase elastic stockings;
- choose clothes that do not compress the thigh area;
- during a long sitting to take breaks to get up and move a little;
When to see a doctor
Leg edema can only be a result oflong standing, but can be a sign of something more serious. Below are a few general recommendations on when swelling of the legs should be considered an indicator of serious problems in the body that require immediate medical attention.
If you have any of the following symptoms along with foot, ankle or ankle edema, you should immediately contact the nearest health center:
- pain, pressure, or tension in the chest;
- confusion of consciousness;
- fainting or lightheadedness;
- shortness of breath or shortness of breath;
If, in addition to the swelling of the legs, you have any of the following conditions, you should consult your doctor without delay:
- edema is aggravated and accompanied by pain of the heart or kidneys;
- in the swelling areas, a fever is felt;
- swelling of red;
- body temperature is higher than usual;
- if you are pregnant at this time and you have swelling of your feet, constantly or suddenly;
- in addition to edema of the legs, you are diagnosed with liver disease;
- you tried the tips for home care, but they did not give a positive result;
- edema is worse;
What to expect while visiting a doctor
During your visit, the doctor will check and ask you about the symptoms. You should be ready to answer the following questions:
- where you notice swelling;
- time of day when the edema tends to become worse;
- if you experience any other symptoms;
- if you notice any factors that cause the swelling to decrease or vice versa, it increases;
- To help diagnose the cause of foot swelling, your doctor may ask you to take the following tests:
- blood test;
- Analysis of urine;
- ECG for assessing the condition of the heart.
If the identified disease is the causeedema, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment for you. If the cause of edema is not a serious medical condition or associated with a lifestyle, the doctor may recommend some changes in the daily routine, which we mentioned above. And, most likely, the doctor will advise you to reduce sodium intake.
In some cases, the doctor may appointdiuretics that will help reduce swelling. Nevertheless, these drugs have side effects, and can be prescribed by doctors only if home remedies for leg edema do not help.