Swollen legs after pricks
2.jpg "/> Sometimes, even in healthy people, swollen feet, for example, with prolonged flight, some women swell around their feet during menstruation due to fluid retention. Too long exposure to the sun can cause swelling of the legs, your feet may swell out An allergic reaction to anything, varicose veins, trauma, stretching the feet or ankles can also cause swollen feet.This is the obvious cause of swollen legs, there are some painful conditions causing permanent swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet.
The most common chronic swollen legsis caused by heart failure or is a consequence of phlebitis of the lower extremities. These two states are easy to distinguish. Phlebitis, as a rule, affects only one leg, with congestive heart failure both legs are affected. Phlebitis brings pain, and cardiac edema is painless. Edema has its own characteristics depending on the causes. Consider heart failure.
The left ventricle (the left half of the heart) pumps blood across the arteries for the entire body. Adhering to the tissues, this blood gives its oxygen and collects carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and other processing products. Blood, freed from oxygen, travels through the veins to the right side of the heart. The right ventricle transports blood into the lungs, where it is refilled with oxygen. The blood returns to the left ventricle of the heart and the cycle repeats.
If the heart muscle has weakened the infarction ora prolonged high pressure that has not been treated, a virus or a disease of the heart valves, then it is not able to pump all the blood returned from the veins into the lungs. After a while, the blood begins to accumulate in the veins. The liver, which is located below the heart, as a result of this is filled with blood and greatly increases. Gradually veins (and on legs too) expand. Next, the liquid component of blood will seep into the tissue, causing swelling.
With weakness of the left side of the heart, fresh bloodlingers in the lungs. Because of this "pulmonary stagnation" breathing is difficult and a cough appears. Usually, the right and left heart halves together, so a patient with heart failure has swelling on his legs, and breathing is difficult.
Other causes of swelling of the lower extremities should also be considered.
Phlebitis. a condition in which one (or more) of thethe surface or deep inside the foot is clogged with a blood clot or inflamed. With inflammation, the leg turns red, swells and hurts. Blockage of the vein prevents blood from flowing freely through the vein, the blood stagnates and gradually seeps into the surrounding tissue. The walls of the vein become more permeable as a result of inflammation. Phlebitis affects one leg, while with heart failure, both legs swell.
People with severe kidney disease have swellingappear on all parts of the body - on the legs, on the face, on the hands (they find it difficult to put on or remove the rings from the fingers). This general edema causes the loss of protein (albumin) from the urine. Albumin is produced by the liver, circulates with blood. A healthy kidney prevents it from entering urine. But the diseased kidneys pass the albumin into the urine. If your urine test shows the albumin content, the conclusion is that your kidneys are kidneys. But albumin is found in tissues, not only in the blood. Healthy kidneys maintain balance. With kidney disease, a large amount of albumin is lost, the body is trying to restore balance. Therefore, fluid from the bloodstream seeps into the tissue, increasing the albumin content there. Excess fluid in the tissues causes a general swelling.
Diseases of the liver, especially in the far-gonestages, cause swelling of the legs for two reasons. The first is when damaged liver cells are not able to produce enough albumin. The result is the same as with damaged kidneys that pass it into the urine. The body tries to equalize the amount of albumin in the blood and tissues into which fluid flows from the bloodstream and as a result, edema develops. The second reason is scar tissue in the liver that prevents blood flow from the legs to the heart. Blood is stored in the veins on the legs, there is swelling. In the abdominal cavity can form tumors or enlarge glands, which will compress the veins, causing swelling of the legs.
Starvation. Cause of swelling of the legs.
Have you seen pictures of children starving? They have swollen bellies. Why is this happening? The stomach swells due to a lack of protein in the food. The liquid will leave the blood vessels in the tissue. In this situation - in the abdominal cavity (as occurs with diseases of the liver and kidneys). A sharp decrease in the function of the thyroid gland will lead to the spread of edema throughout the body, including the legs. Edema will appear as a consequence of the transition of fluid from the vessels to the tissues (as in the case of albuminous imbalance of the liver or kidney origin), when the body tries to balance the concentration of albumin.
In recent years, more and morea heart. One of these operations is coronary bypass surgery. In this operation, the veins of the legs (vein strips with one or both) are used as new blood vessels bypassing the blocked blood vessels of the heart. Sometimes the vein on the leg is removed at a considerable length. Therefore, such operations caused the emergence of a new cause of swelling of the legs. This is a serious phenomenon, but it does not cause trouble, because it disappears in a few months. Remaining veins on the legs adapt to new conditions, the working rhythm is restored and the swelling passes.
Foot swelling causes some medicines.
Among them, testosterone, which is often prescribedwith sexual impotence. Steroids, related to cortisone, which are prescribed for arthritis, asthma, cancer, with prolonged use can cause swelling of the legs. Also, estrogens (female hormones), birth control pills, some antidepressants. A number of medications that lower blood pressure (aprezoline, reserpine, aldometh, esimil) can also be attributed to this category.
Diseases of the pericardium (pericardial bag),caused by a viral or other infection, or the consequences of heart surgery, make it dense and tight. Difficulty normal contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle, which leads to a decrease in the flow of blood into the right ventricle of the heart. The blood stagnates, the veins first swell the neck, then the abdomen and finally the legs.
Here is a general idea of how and why swollen feet and feet. Further information is offered that will help you to understand what exactly you have.
- Edema on one leg indicates that you do not have a common disease: lack of protein in the blood, kidney and liver disease, heart weakness and others.
- Heart failure is characterized by swelling of the feet, not the face or fingers.
- The swollen abdomen, accompanying the swelling of the legs, speaks of a diseased liver, and not of the heart, especially if the stomach is swollen earlier than the legs.
But, for a more accurate diagnosis, you need to make the following observations.Strongly press a finger on the leg that is swollen, andHold this for a few seconds, then release. A dent will be obtained, which lasts about a minute or two. It is called a "dimple". If you have swelling due to a decreased function of the thyroid gland, there will be no such dimples, but they are observed in most other cases.</ li>
Whatever the reason for the swelling of the legs, do not tryget rid of it with diuretics. Treatment will be effective only when an accurate diagnosis is established. And this can be done by a specialist and only after examination and analysis. Remember, self-medication leads to severe consequences (sometimes to death), do not risk your health.
Everything is clear, the autopsy will show, and as it happens, the patient feels better, he stops breathing.
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Many thanks for the article. I recently began to swell up my legs. Looking ahead, I will say that I was diagnosed with congenital heart disease, a defect of the interatrial septum. Both legs swell, especially the right one, on the right foot the fingers grow numb. I do nothing, in the sense of self-medication. After June 13, I will take tests, because I can not understand what causes swelling of the legs. Is there a kidney, or a heart. I do not want to practice self-medication, I'm afraid that I will inflict more harm to myself.
Thank you for your advice. I'm sure and available. I'll go to the doctor.
My stomach is not swollen, only the rightfoot, pulls strongly the muscle when walking, very painful. only I did not understand what it is connected with, kidneys (I have a cyst in my right), thyroid (enlarged) or liver (everything is normal like with her) ?!
Very interesting article, I learned a lot for myselfnew. My legs periodically swell, I tried a lot of money, including folk remedies, and the doctor had it, I just had swelling due to flat feet, I wear comfortable shoes with orthopedic insoles, but still when I walk a lot - legs swell, me thrombless saves. I smear it regularly.
My legs swelled for a long time too. I smeared with various ointments, I warmed myself. But in addition to swelling there were pains in the joints. Only then I decided to go to the doctor. It turned out - launched arthritis. Long treated with different medications, but only Artradol really helped. After the course of injections of this drug, the pains disappeared and there are no edema.