Swollen legs and red spots
Spots on the legs - this is a change in skin color in a clearly localized leg area. The shape and size of the spots vary greatly, most often they do not protrude above the surface of the body.
All spots are divided into:
Vascular are divided into edematous, inflammatory and hemorrhagic.
Vascular inflammatory spots on the legsappear with an increase in the diameter of the vessels. If the spot diameter is about two centimeters, it is called the roseola. Roseola, which is in the acute stage of inflammation, flaky, bright color, swollen often appears in toddlers - allergies, as well as suffering from childhood infections, eczema or dermatitis.
If roseola is not inflamed, it is almost impossibleit is slightly paler than the surface of the body, does not peel off and does not merge with other spots. Such a form of spots is characteristic for patients with pityriasis, secondary syphilis, leprosy, erythrasma.
Large vascular spots may be located on theany part of the legs, often they merge with each other, their shape is incorrect, they are well delineated. These spots are called erythema. This spot necessarily itchs heavily, the skin in the lesion is inflamed, red. Erythema is formed in patients with dermatitis, toxicermia, eczema.
Hemorrhagic vascular spots may appeardue to inflammation or without it, and usually they appear with a hemorrhage into the upper layers of the skin. If there is inflammation, vascular permeability increases. If there is no inflammation, the trauma of the vessels is a consequence of a bruise or contact with poisonous substances.
Hemorrhagic spots I can be of different sizes. Small spots with a diameter of up to one centimeter are called petechiae, slightly larger in the form of lines - linear purple spots, and large and rounded - ecchymosis, the largest are called hematomas. Syndromes, in which hemorrhagic spots appear on the body, are called purpura. Such conditions are typical for people suffering from hypovitaminosis, toxicermis, vasculitis, as well as some infectious diseases.
If the spots appear due to the increaselumen of the vessels and when examining their vessels are clearly visible, they are called telangiectasias. Such spots appear when the walls of the vessels are paralyzed. The cause of their appearance can be either overheating or supercooling of the skin, and physiological processes in the body (characteristic of young people puberty ).
If the dermis decreases or increases the levelpigment, there are spots of dark or pale color. If the pigmentation is strengthened, the spots will be beige to dark chocolate. Such spots are called chloasma, lentigo or freckles.
Freckles called small specks appearing on the body and including on the legs when irradiated with ultraviolet. This is a hereditary trait.
Lentigo - these are spots that are on the body already when it comes to light. The shape and size of these spots are varied, often lentigo combined with increased cornification of the skin.
Chloasms called large dark spots, which are more oftenThey affect the face, but can also form on the legs. Their appearance is associated with increased production of melanin, characteristic of diseases of the thyroid gland, liver, adrenal glands.
Skin areas on which there is absolutely no pigment are called leucoderma or vitiligo .
Small spots without a pigment are called leucoderma. The true form of leukoderma appears in patients with abdominal or typhus, as well as secondary syphilis.
In addition, such spots can appear with pink and pityriasis, psoriasis and eczema in places where there were previously plaques.
The causes of staining on the legs can becompletely innocent, and quite dangerous. For example, spots can be the result of hair removal, contact with synthetic fibers or rubbing with shoes. In the event that birthmarks do not disturb in any way, they do not change color and do not grow - you can forget about their existence.
Often, red spots appear afteruse of detergent or cream. The allergy will immediately pass, after the contact of the skin and allergen has stopped. Red spots can talk about the development of a rather unpleasant disease called vasculitis. Therefore, they should pay special attention. The condition of the legs indicates the condition of the vessels and veins of the whole organism. That's why after consulting a dermatologist, a consultation with a phlebologist or a vascular surgeon may be necessary.
The appearance of dark brown spots may be the result of a lack of vitamins PP, C or A. If there are more light areas of the skin, it is likely that the body lacks B vitamins.
Pink spots on the legs, covered with scales - this,most likely, pink deprive. With this disease, only the general treatment of the body is effective. Any treatment of the affected areas can exacerbate the disease. Therefore, when spots appear, consult a doctor.
Reasons for the appearance:
If red patches appear on your legs, you should consult a doctor, as you will not be able to deal with this phenomenon yourself - too many different diseases can cause them.
The most common causes are dermatitis, allergies to household chemicals, pet hair or clothing fibers.
Also a very common cause is mycosis. This fungal disease, which is diagnosed laboratory. If a fungus is suspected, an analysis is appointed, on the basis of which the therapy will be prescribed. Antifungal drugs very quickly act and if the diagnosis is correct, after a few days the result of treatment will be noticeable.
Some types of spots, for example, caused bydevelopment of hemangioma, are removed only operatively. Hemangioma can appear in an adult, or maybe even congenital. This is not a malignant tumor that does not pose a danger to life and health.
One of the first signs of the beginningVaricose veins may also have red spots on the legs. They are usually combined with weight or pain in the lower extremities. If these symptoms are observed, you should visit a phlebologist. Varicose veins are dangerous because with improper behavior and lack of treatment, it can flow into thrombophlebitis, legs will be covered with trophic ulcers. If you identify varicose at the very beginning of the process, you can stop the development of the disease in time. If there is a chance of varicose veins, ultrasound is used for diagnosis.
White spots on the legs, as well as on any otherpart of the body is called scientific vitiligo, but simply a song. The more tanned the body, the more noticeable these spots are. Disease this refers to chronic, and most often affects young women of the fair sex. Appear signs of the disease can at any age. It is painless, but brings inconvenience. In addition, these skin areas are completely defenseless against ultraviolet rays. The hair on the affected areas is also not colored. On the feet the spots are most often affected by the knees.
The reasons for the development of vitiligo are unknown, doctors believe that the disease develops when metabolic disorders occur.
The provoking factors may be:
- diseases of the gonads,
- adrenal gland diseases,
- thyroid disease,
- severe emotional shocks.
Predisposition to vitiligo is inherited.
From the point of view of folk healers, the main cause of vitiligo development is disruption of the pancreas.
More susceptible to this disease are people with cold extremities, prone to dizziness, increased sweating.
Itching of the skin is called purit. The itching is sometimes so strong that a person can not sleep at night and earns a neurosis. Itchy stains of any color are an occasion to go to the doctor immediately. In no case should you scratch these places, because the skin will surely become inflamed, because in microarrachin gets an infection.
Itchy spots can appear with fungal infections,dermatitis, varicose veins and many other diseases. If the appearance of pruritus and spots can not be explained by any objective reasons, if they do not pass long enough, and even grow, you should definitely undergo a survey.
However, sometimes the cause of itchy spots is verysimple and not evil - it can be excessive dryness of the skin or allergy. With this problem, you can cope on your own, eliminating the source of allergies and moisturizing the skin with cosmetic lotions or milk.
You can try the baths of chamomile or string. However, sometimes this self-treatment only leads to a deterioration of well-being.
Spots on hands and feet
Skin is a mirror of a person's health. Red rashes can be the result of urticaria. This disease is the appearance of red blisters on the body, similar to blisters that appear after contact with the nettle. More often hives appear on the chest. But it can cover the whole body, including the legs and hands. This is quite an unpleasant affliction, which should be identified as soon as possible and begin treatment. If this is not done, the disease can lead to the edema of Quincke. Quincke edema is an edema of all mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, in severe cases and without urgent help it can end with suffocation.
The causes of the appearance of red spots on the legs and other parts of the body in young children are even greater than in adults. To already listed above are added bites of mosquitoes (in children, they cause the appearance of a huge red spot, which may not last for up to two weeks ), problems with digestion, kidneys or pancreas.
At the kid of a maculae can not cause anyinconvenience, and may itch or stove. Very often newborn babies develop toxic erythema. Another unpleasant disease of babies is pemphigus, in which spots are observed on the abdomen and thighs. Related to pemphigus disease - Ritter's disease. It is distinguished by a heavier current. But the primary foci of this disease should be sought not on the legs, but on the face of the baby.
Allergy is the most common causered spots on the body and limbs of the child. The skin can not just blush, but peel off. Usually, in children, strong allergies are caused by food, but it is likely that allergens are tissues, dyes used in toys or bed linens.
If the baby eats only mother's milk, Mom should for a while completely exclude from the diet all likely allergens (citrus, seafood and fish, eggs, chocolate, milk, red berries and fruits, and much more ).Blue spots or bruises on the legs sometimes appear as if for no reason. Nevertheless, the cause of this phenomenon necessarily exists.
Here are the possible options:
- violation of blood composition, affecting the amountplatelets is the most serious cause that can cause bruising on the legs. It is necessary to detect it, it is necessary to give a general blood test and a coagulogram,
- the vessels are close to the surface of the skin,
- lack of certain vitamins (vitamin C, rutin ),
- diseases of the liver, heart or blood vessels,
- unbalanced diet.
In many women, the use of an electroepilator causes the appearance of red spots on the legs, called pseudofolliculosis. Sometimes the cause of red spotsare the hairs, which after epilation grow again, but rush not upward, but get stuck between the layers of the skin. If you do not find such hair in time, a red stain appears, and later an abscess.
Then the woman takes a needle and picks out a hair, which increases the inflammatory process. Such small inflammations provoke an increase in the production of melanin. There are already pigmented spots.
In order for this not to happen, you need the firstturn to make so that hair did not grow. To do this, scrubs are used, which should be carefully processed at least once a week. Wash them with a massage washcloth and rub without regretting. This procedure immediately "kills two birds with one stone": superfluous layers of skin are removed, blood flow in the extremities improves. You can try to use special means to reduce ingrown hairs.
That after epilation on legs or foots did not appear red maculae, it is necessary to sterilize carefully a surface of legs or foots and a depilator before procedure.
Stains and diabetes mellitus
The appearance of spots in diabetes is calleddermopathy and is a fairly frequent symptom of the disease. On the front surface of the shins appear brownish-red small specks up to a centimeter in diameter. It is interesting that on both legs they appear symmetrically. Gradually they become larger and degenerate into atrophic dark spots. This symptom is more typical for the stronger sex, diabetics for quite a long time. This symptom develops on the background of a disturbance of the state of the skin microcapillaries.
Diabetic xanthoma Are yellow spots that appear on the inner surfaces of the knees, as well as the neck, chest and face. The cause of these spots is an increased level of cholesterol in the blood.
Diabetic Bladder - these are the bubbles that appear on the soles of the feet, andalso the toes and hands. They appear suddenly, without any preliminary symptoms. This symptom is rare. Pass the spots themselves in a month - one and a half. Their size can be different.
Darya's ring-shaped granuloma Is a symptom more characteristic of men. On the feet, hands and body poured round, swollen spots of pinkish color (can be brighter ), which increase, merge with each otherand form patterns. At the edges of the spots are raised. Spots appear periodically and do not go away for a long time. The impetus for their appearance may be the reception of sulfonamides and allergies.
Vitiligo is also common in diabetic patients.
Vascular spots can be removed by laser
Expanded vessels forming spots orasterisks are not uncommon. A healthy vessel should have an internal section of about twenty microns in diameter. If its diameter is from a hundred microns and higher, it is called telangiectasia. In Latin it means "extended tip of the vessel".
The main cause of the appearance of vascular spotsis heredity. And the impetus for their development are liver disease, problems with blood coagulability, poor venous outflow. Many women have telangiectasias appearing during pregnancy, while others have significantly increased their number during this period. In elderly people, the venous outflow of blood worsens, and vascular spots also appear.
There are also external phenomena thatcontribute to the appearance of vascular spots. These are trauma, abuse of ultraviolet light, frostbite, the intake of hormones or steroid preparations, irradiation or deep peeling.
Vascular spots are present in 35 - 40% of the inhabitants of the planet,but more often they appear in the fair sex. In this hormones, estrogens, which reduce the tone of the vessel wall, contribute to the increase of their lumen.
To get rid of vascular spots on the legs with the help ofdrugs is almost impossible. A few years ago it was done only with the help of electrocoagulation. But this method causes such undesirable side effects as increased pigmentation of the skin.
Today, the most effective and safe methodis a medical laser. The duration of the procedure is from five to fifteen minutes, it is completely harmless and comfortable for the patient. To remove stains, on average, four to five sessions are required, sometimes less.
How to remove pigmentation spots?
Pigmented spots on the feet - this is often a phenomenon. Women should know that from the age of 26 to 27, almost any scratch or pimple can cause the appearance of a pigmented spot.
To remove the old pigmented spot from the skin of the legs, you should use masks made of hydrogen peroxide and badyah. You should take a dry badyah (it is on sale in a pharmacy ), as well as a 3% hydrogen peroxide. Mix these two substances to the consistency of thick sour cream. Take a shower and after it to process places with spots. Keep it for a quarter of an hour, after which the feet should be thoroughly washed. During the procedure, the sensations will not be pleasant. Can pinch hard enough. This recipe should not be used for people with allergies.
Even after the mixture has already been removed,unpleasant sensations will not pass for a while. The skin will turn red. If you make a mask every day for a week, the skin on the application sites will dry and will peel off like after a sunburn. To facilitate the condition of the skin can be processed with her cosmetic oil or milk. During this period it is strictly forbidden to sunbathe! Since the skin is still very tender and can burn.
Those who do not want to suffer this way shouldTo address to the cosmetician. With the help of the laser, pigmented spots on the legs are burnt out. In addition, diamond peeling is used. After removing the stains, the recovery takes up to 14 days. Do not postpone the procedure for a hot season. To eliminate spots, one procedure is enough.
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