What you can drink to pregnant women from leg swelling
During pregnancy, the volume of fluid,circulating in the body, is almost doubled. So nothing surprising, it would seem, is not that a woman waiting for a child sometimes suffers from swelling. But doctors consider them an alarming symptom, especially if they are accompanied by increased blood pressure and the appearance of protein in the urine.
So, if the wedding ring does not fit onfinger, and the shoes became sharply small - immediately to the doctor. And it is necessary to comply with the recommendations that he will give, because self-diagnosis and self-treatment will not lead to good. But the prevention of edema is available to every future mother.
Why? The composition of table salt is sodium. This element has the property of retaining water in the body. The more salt, the more fluid will remain in the tissues.
How to practice? Remove from the diet (or greatly reducedosage) of pickles, herring, sauerkraut, black bread, sausage, not to mention such unhelpful, in all senses, "garbage" products, like crackers, chips, snacks, smoked products and canned food. Even the usual dishes are best prepared without salt or nedosalivat.
Important: Be afraid that you and your baby will not get enough sodium, it's not worth it: this element is found in many products in its natural form or in the form of salts.
Why? With an inclination to edema, the expectant mother should notonly to exclude salt, but also to observe some other restrictions. After all, problems with blood vessels, for example, also lead to the formation of edema. Therefore, it is necessary to eat so as not to give edemas the slightest chance.
As in practice. Meat and vegetables do not fry, but cook or cook onpair. How can I eat less fat, spicy, sweet, buttery and always have to cook porridge, eat vegetables and fruits. Tea or coffee can affect the state of the blood vessels and, as a result, blood pressure - these beverages should not be abused. And even "hyper-useful" green tea - there is more caffeine in it than in black, and it is not worth it to drink more than two cups a day. But freshly squeezed juices and mineral water without gas are welcome.
Important: Average daily caloric intake of food should not exceed 2800-3500 cal. That is, the future mother is not necessarily "to eat for two."
Why? Previously, it was restrictive: the expectant mother was prescribed to consume only 1-1.5 liters of liquid per day, including soups and compotes. But then studies showed that such a restriction is unhelpful: it worsens the condition of the venous wall, affects the amount and quality of the mother's blood, and its coagulability. After all, during pregnancy, the volume of blood increases, and if it is not maintained at the desired level, it is possible to avoid the formation of blood clots and other problems.
How to practice? The most common recommendation is the futuremum needs to drink 2.5 and even 3 liters of liquid daily. This amount includes any liquid, including that contained in liquid dishes, in fresh juicy vegetables and fruits. Water should be at least 1.5 liters per day, and it should not be drunk at once, but in small sips, a little, but often. The water must be non-carbonated.
Important: When gestosis, it is better not to drink water, washing out of the body many salts and trace elements, and tea with milk, sweet juices and fruit drinks, which "draw" water from the tissues and thereby reduce swelling.
Be careful with diuretics
Why? Medications during pregnancy can not harmonly to the future mother, but also to the kid. Therefore, the intake of any medicinal and even natural plant diuretic drugs must necessarily be agreed with the attending physician.
How to practice? Typically, future mothers prescribe homeopathic remedies, as well as herbal preparations with a mild diuretic effect - bearberry, cranberry leaf, decoction of parsley.
Important. Together with the liquid from our body is washed awayPotassium, which, in particular, is important for the proper functioning of the heart muscle, for the health of the mother's bones and teeth, and for the construction of the skeleton of the baby. Therefore, potassium needs to be replenished - by diet or by taking appropriate vitamin complexes (which one to choose, it is also necessary to ask the attending physician).
Why? In 40% of women during pregnancy, there are some signs of varicose veins. One of her symptoms is swelling of the legs, which, fortunately, is the most harmless and does not require special treatment.
How to practice? While resting, lift your legs with respect to the positionbody. For example, sitting at the computer, put the feet on the stand. You can take an example from the Americans and put your feet on the table (or chair standing next, if otherwise inappropriate). In the supine position, the legs should be on a raised height of up to 30 cm. This position will be provided by a high mattress pillow or roller from the blanket. There are beds in which the height of the foot and headboard can vary.
Important. "Varicose" edema is reduced and with the help of creams with extracts of horse chestnut or hazel.
Lying on the left side
Why? In 80% of women during the development of so-called physiological edema. They are considered the norm because, unlike edematous pathological ones, they pass as if by themselves after elimination of the causes (and they may be a violation of diet or a quick walk on a hot day that caused increased sweating). The main "medicine" is to give yourself a rest, lie down.
How to practice? When lying on the left side, the kidneys experience the least load, work best and run urine faster through the excretory system.
Important. If the face swells, fingers due to excessiveThe plumpness is difficult to squeeze into a fist, it is impossible to bend over the swelling of the waist and the abdominal wall - immediately to the doctor. Such pronounced swelling is a sign of gestosis of pregnant women, a very dangerous and insidious complication.
Why? The risk of fluid accumulation in the legs decreases if the woman moves a lot (but feasibly!). At active mum the chances of development of edemas decrease approximately in half!
How to practice? Walking tours (only in the park, not in the parkgassed street) is an activity that is accessible and useful to almost all future mothers. In a day you need to walk for at least 40 minutes, and even better - 2-3 hours. Help and special gymnastics for pregnant women, and swimming with aqua aerobics, and yoga with belly dancing (all of this work better under the supervision of specialists).
Important: If the work is predominantly sedentary, do"dynamic pauses" every hour - for 5-10 minutes, turn your feet in different directions, stand on your toes and on your heels. But sitting on your foot is not recommended categorically!
Why? Special supporting clothes needNot later than the middle of pregnancy. The bandage will relieve the back, support the abdomen, ease the burden on the veins of the lower extremities. Compression stockings and tights prevent the development of varicose veins - and thus relieve the feeling of heaviness and swelling in the legs. Lingerie, designed specifically for expectant mothers, protects the vessels from excessive accumulation and stagnation of the liquid in them.
How to practice? Bandage must be chosen according to size, and be sure toyou should adjust it so that it does not squeeze, but supports. The degree of compression of tights (weak or strong) will be prompted by a phlebologist, after studying the problem.
Important: Bandages. Compression stockings should be worn lying, so that the load is distributed correctly.
Why? Gestosis, kidney and heart problems - veryserious abnormalities that require treatment in the hospital. Gestosis is fraught with preeclampsia and eclampsia - deadly conditions for mom and baby. Kidneys and the heart can not withstand the load and refuse. In general, if the doctor on the results of observation and analysis is in a hurry to write a referral to a hospital - do not resist: the specialist is more visible.
How to practice? Heart swelling never occurs on the hands andface, and are accompanied by some other symptoms (persistent palpitation, shortness of breath, cyanotic staining of the mucous membranes). Renal edema occurs with certain kidney diseases. Appearance puffiness of the face, bags under the eyes, later - swelling of the legs and hands. Usually a woman knows that the kidneys are her weak point and will be able to recognize specific swelling to turn to a nephrologist or a urologist.
Important: In the emergence or exacerbation of such diseases during pregnancy, treatment is carried out only in a hospital - self-medication and hope at random are unacceptable!
Extensive physiological edemas almost alwaysaccompany a pregnancy with twins or a large fruit. But even such swelling after the birth very quickly come to naught: the liquid accumulated for pregnancy, leaves the body (and this is almost 8 extra liters!). And if the swelling has remained in place and a few days after the birth of the baby, it is either overweight, and not swelling, or the cause of these swelling - not at all in pregnancy.