If the swollen leg becomes red
Every year the allergy becomes more and more widespread disease.
Children are especially prone to pathology, because they have weak immunity and not fully formed digestive system.
Allergies on the legs of a child are observed quite often and can be a consequence of a variety of factors.
Any irritation on the skin of the legs indicates a violation in the work of the body and is a reaction to provoking factors. What can cause allergies?
The most common allergens that can provoke rashes on the legs of children include the following:
- poor-quality footwear;
- insect bites;
- Socks, trousers, tights from synthetic materials;
- flowering herbs;
- walk on the flowering grass;
- use of cosmetics;
- contact with animals;
- exposure to cold or sunlight;
- food products;
- dust mites;
- foot fungus.
Legs are considered a fairly vulnerable part of the body and easily succumb to various eruptions.
To treat allergy was effective, it is very important to establish the causes of its occurrence and avoid contact with provoking factors.
An allergy in a child may appear in the area:
Often, it is localized under the knees. The nature of the eruptions directly depends on the provoking factor.
Most often, allergic reactions on the legs have such symptoms:
- severe itching of the skin;
- burning sensation;
- red spots of various shapes;
- rashes in the form of acne, blisters, abscesses;
- violation of the texture of the skin;
- increased dryness and peeling of the skin;
In addition, the swelling of the legs in a child with allergies quite often develops.
There may also be swelling in the area of the rash.
The first symptoms of problems in the functioning of the immune system are:
As the disease progresses, other symptoms also appear.
Red spots on the legs of a child can be different - point or spilled.
Sometimes they rise above the skin. In addition, these rashes have different shades - from pale pink to bright red.
Stains can merge with each other and cover large areas of skin.
Photo: Foot stains
Pimples on the legs resemble bulges of reddish color.
They can have different sizes and shapes.
Often they have pustular foci.
As the disease develops, allergic acne is covered with crusts.
Edema develops as a result of exposure to internal allergens on the baby's body.
This symptom is the accumulation of excess fluid in the subcutaneous tissue.
Externally, the skin appears dense swelling, which, as a rule, does not cause pain.
Skin covers in this place remain rather pale.
Blisters often arise under the influence of external factors as a result of the development of urticaria.
They can expand, which leads to the appearance of large plaques on the skin.
This condition provokes severe itching.
In addition, blisters and scaling on the skin may be a consequence of cold allergy.
This symptom accompanies almost all types of allergic reactions.
In mild cases, the rashes have a pale pink tint, in more difficult situations they become bright red.
Light redness is often accompanied by:
- skin peeling;
- sometimes there is a strong itching and burning, which negatively affects the condition of the baby.
Depending on the location
With allergies, the rash often concentrates on the feet. It is very important to distinguish allergy from fungal pathology.
Allergic reactions are characterized by:
- severe redness of the skin;
- severe itching;
- a feeling of dryness;
- the appearance of bubbles;
- swelling of the feet.
To reveal allergic rashes in the region of the shins is also quite simple - usually in this place appears:
- increased dryness of the skin.
Allergies between the legs in a child often occurs when eating disorders and manifests itself in the form of extensive red spots.
Often this symptom occurs in children of the first year of life, because it is in this place is a lot of wrinkles.
Manifestations of an allergy greatly strengthens the child's overheating.
Sometimes it is enough to lower the temperature of the air and stop wrapping the baby to make the rashes disappear.
Most often, the rashes are localized in this place because of food intolerance.
If the baby feeds on mother's milk, the rash on the priest and hips is a reaction to the errors in the mother's menu.
Also, a child can react in this way to diapers, cosmetics and household chemicals.
Allergy to the thighs and buttocks is most often manifested in the form of red spots and small pimples, which can be accompanied by itching and scaling of the skin.
How to learn from what the disease appeared
When there are signs of an allergy on the legs of the child, you should immediately show the doctor.
The specialist should analyze the symptoms of the pathology and the living conditions of the baby.
Then, in order to diagnose and select a treatment, you need to give a general blood test.
Also, an informative study is to determine the level of immunoglobulin E in the child's body.
Often, the development of allergies lead to irregularities in diet.
To identify food allergens, you need to keep a diary of food, and it is recommended to do this for at least two weeks.
An alternative method of diagnosis is the contact of provoking factors with the skin of the child.
However, this study should be conducted under the supervision of the attending physician.
Video: What else you need to know about the disease?
What diseases are still to be identified
Sometimes rashes on the skin of the legs in a child may not be associated with allergic reactions.
In this case, it is very important to put the correct diagnosis on time.
Quite often, the cause of rash on the legs are infectious diseases.
In this case, there are symptoms such as fever, cough, chills, worse appetite, sore throat.
The causes of itching and rashes in children can also be in the presence of:
- parasitic diseases;
- diseases of the circulatory and vascular systems.
A red rash on the legs often accompanies such diseases as chicken pox, scarlet fever, rubella, measles.
However, the greatest danger to the child is meningococcal infection, which provokes inflammation of the membranes of the brain, after which the blood becomes infected.
This disease leads to extremely serious consequences up to a lethal outcome.
Tactics of parents with allergies on the legs of a child
When confirming the diagnosis, parents should contact a qualified doctor who will choose the best therapy.
Antihistamines help fight the symptoms of the disease, but do not provide an opportunity to solve the problem.
At the same time, such drugs eliminate itching, which will help prevent infection in the wound.
In order not to expand the list of allergens, parents should provide the child with a special diet and hypoallergenic life.
This means that the baby should not be in contact with animals, pollen, woolen substances.
From its diet, all allergenic products should be eliminated.
The bath can be taken exclusively with hypoallergenic agents.
Then the legs must be soaked with a towel.
Do not wash the baby with hot water. Thanks to the use of cool temperatures, you can sooth the itch and provide hardening.
Preventative measures must necessarily include strengthening the immune system.
For this you need to ensure:
- daily exercise;
- hardening procedures;
- balanced diet.
It is important to observe the rules of personal hygiene and careful choice of means for body care.
In addition, you must choose shoes and clothes exclusively from natural materials.
When developing allergic reactions to cold, you need to constantly take care of the skin, provide the child with natural and warm clothes.
In children, allergies on the legs in most cases cause food.
If you get into a child's body chemical substances provoke the appearance of rashes.
Therefore, it is very important that only natural products are present in the baby's diet.
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How to relieve a child's condition
To cope with the manifestations of allergies, the child should be treated immediately after the onset of symptoms of this disease.
Prescribe drugs for systemic use can only be a doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of the child's body:
- antihistamines. In some cases, traditionalagents such as tavegil and suprastin. In other situations, the use of modern antihistamines is indicated, including claritin, zirtek, telphase;
- hormonal preparations. In severe cases, corticosteroids are usedhormones. Such funds are used for individual indications - for example, the child is diagnosed with allergic dermatitis. They include prednisone and kenalog;
- immunomodulators. They are complex preparations that help to strengthen the immune system and cope with allergies.
To eliminate acute irritation and cope with the sensation of itching, you can use cool compresses with saline.
Also an excellent contrast shower.
In this case, the itching decreases as a result of narrowing of the vessels, however, such procedures only facilitate the child's condition for a short time.
To provide a longer lasting effect, it is necessary to use drugs for external use - they are all divided into hormonal and nonhormonal.
For example, hormones are usually used during an exacerbation.
Such ointments quickly relieve itching and inflammation, but they have quite serious contraindications.
Allergists believe that the main means that helps reduce allergy manifestations are corticosteroid ointments:
All of them pass many tests for safety and efficiency.
Non-hormonal drugs have a milder effect. They can be used for a long time without causing harm to health.
That is why such funds are most often prescribed for the treatment of children:
- Elidel - is actively used to treat atopic dermatitis and helps to cope with inflammation;
- Skin-cap - non-hormonal ointment, the main component of which is zinc. Allows in a short time to cope with itching, inflammation and dry skin;
- Lanolin and its products - used to soften the skin, eliminate pain and irritation;
- Bepanten - helps to heal microcracks, moisturize and soften the skin;
- Droplein and Deshitin - have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.
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What not to do
When there are allergic reactions to the skin of the legs, the child should never be engaged in self-medication.
Uncontrolled use of medicines and folk remedies can significantly worsen the condition of the baby.
In addition, improperly selected treatment will lead to an increase in the number of allergens, which will create difficulties in choosing the tactics of therapy.
It is also worthwhile to ensure that the child does not comb the affected areas, otherwise there is a risk of infection of the wound.
To do this, it is recommended that the affected areas of the skin be treated in a timely manner with special means.
The appearance of allergic reactions on the legs in a child can be a consequence of eating disorders, contact with animals or pollen of plants, the use of medicines.
To treat the disease as efficiently as possible, it is very important to identify provoking factors, and for this it is necessary to consult a doctor as early as possible.