Edema of the forehead in a newborn in 1 month
One of the most difficult periods of a baby's life is the firstdays after birth. And although the huge loads that he feels during childbirth long ago, it is in the early days of finding out how favorable will be the further prognosis for the health of the newborn. In the first days after childbirth, neonates may experience postpartum complications, congenital diseases, malformations can manifest themselves.
One of such complications - edema in newborns. The causes of edema are not always clear, they appear on the body of a newborn in different places, this is already a serious reason for examination and treatment. Who is most susceptible to this complication?
Edema in newborns most often occur in premature babies, andalso children who have Rh-conflict with their mother. Also, swelling occurs in newborns with pathologies in the development of the abdominal cavity, lymphatic and circulatory system, brain damage, tumors, infections.
The reasons may be: violations in the outflow of lymph due to compression or injury to the limb, skin trauma, infectious diseases that provoke swelling, heart failure, allergies, certain hereditary diseases that directly affect the metabolism.
Swelling most often manifested in 3-4 days of lifenewborn. There is a build-up of edema for several days, and then a gradual decay. How to identify the edema in a newborn? It is enough to notice the unusual protrusion of any parts of the body, swelling, hyperemia, blueness, pallor of the skin above them - this all immediately alerts the experienced neonatologist.
In addition to this, in addition to soft edema, which oftenall are formed in newborns, and distinguish their more unfavorable types - scleredema and sclera. Skelredema is characterized by edema that can not call inflammatory, stagnant phenomena in tissues, then scleroma is a very hard edema that covers a certain part, or maybe the entire body, completely blocks the function of the limbs.
Edema in newborns may be local, limited to a certainpart of the body, and generalized, that is, extending over a large area, covering the whole body of the baby. They occur on the lower, upper extremities, genitals, the abdomen of the newborn.
Depending on where the swelling is located,the degree of softness of tissues, the doctor can choose different types of treatment. But before this, a comprehensive examination of the child is conducted: blood tests are done, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity is made, cardiac activity, chest X-ray, abdomen are monitored. Further, depending on the diagnosis, measures are taken that address the causes of edema, diuretics are used to remove excess fluid from the body.
Edema in newborns A serious complication. It is necessary to take medical measures as soon as possible, this is to ensure the most favorable prognosis for the future in a newborn. It is very important that the first days of a newborn's life are under constant supervision of doctors.
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