Dense edema on the legs
What is the cause of leg swelling? What preventive measures will help to avoid edema?
Swelling of the feet or hands and face can occur with various pathologies. Some edema appear at the end of the day, others - in the mornings, the third - regardless of the time of the day. The cause of edema can be veins or heart failure, renal pathology or enlarged liver, disorders of the thyroid gland or other internal organs.
If the swelling manifests itself quickly, and after sleeping, asthe rule disappears, we can assume a venous pathology: inflammation of the veins with the formation of thrombi or varicose veins with characteristic swelling of the superficial or deep veins.
If the swollen veins are not visible, and the swelling builds up for a long time and does not subside in the morning, then one can suspect a pathology lymphatic system - lymphedema. This pathology is more likely to affect the legs. A strong dense lymphatic edema for a characteristic species is called elephantiasis.
Lymphedema - the result of a violation of the outflow of lymph. It is primary and secondary.
When primary lymphedema lower limbs are affected by one or both legs,and the disease develops gradually and progresses under the influence of provoking factors (hormonal dysfunction, repeated trauma, infections, etc.).
When secondary lymphedema in the process that occurs under the influence of venouspathologies, one leg is more often involved. In this case, edema is usually localized on the rise of the foot or in the lower leg, can be accompanied by pain, increased fatigue in the legs, convulsions. These swelling, as a rule, increase in the warm season, after physical exertion, especially people who lead a sedentary lifestyle or stay on their feet for a long time.
When lymphostasis limbs outflow of lymphaticliquid, which means that slag removal is slowed down and the content of acidic products in the skin rises. This leads to a decrease in its protective properties. The skin thickens, thickens, there is an itch. Subcutaneous tissues are affected by microorganisms living on the skin, so infection can spread rapidly through any small wound on the skin. This is the development of erysipelas of the skin, a complication of lymphatic edema. If a person has a pathology also from the side of the venous system, then on the skin may appear blisters, trophic ulcers, necrosis (necrosis) is possible. That is why it is necessary to take care of the prevention of edema complications as soon as possible.
Sometimes it is difficult for one specialist to putthe correct diagnosis. Only with a general discussion of the results of the examination, the therapist, cardiologist, phlebologist (specialist in vein diseases), endocrinologist and other specialists can determine what the patient needs first: prescribe medications that improve hemodynamics and blood clotting, diuretics, or maybe send him to consult an oncologist because often lymphostasis lower extremities develops with tumorous diseases of the pelvic organs.
If a detailed survey revealedviolation of the functions of lymph vessels or capillaries, associated with some of their pathologies, the patient is prescribed either conservative or surgical treatment according to the indications.
Among non-surgical methods, compression therapy is one of the most attractive today. This method is the application of special lymphatic drainage devices with "sleeves". The sleeve is put on the feet or on the hand and produces not only constant compression (compression) of the limbs, but also the wave - in the direction from the periphery to the center for the stimulation of the lymph drainage.
Experts believe that the use of proper manual lymphatic drainage massage many of the effects of edema can be successfully treated. Massage differs from usual not only specific, more intensive and deep elaboration of soft tissues, but also the direction of massage movements that start from the hip and lead to the foot. This helps to release large lymph vessels from accumulated fluid.
It is important not to allow the development of significant edema. A healthy person does not need to take any special measures for this. But if there is a predisposition to edema and there is a significant physical stress associated with the effort of the hands or a prolonged standing on the legs, then it is necessary to wear special compressive knitwear or compression dressings to prevent swelling, to do muscle stretching, to use elastic bandage. Muscles (like the entire vascular system of the limbs) from sweaty work quickly swell. This applies to people of any age, even adolescents, many of whom today do not move much, sitting at the computer for a long time. Their imperfect vascular system is not able to provide a sufficient natural outflow of fluid, and it often happens that the child, standing in transport, comes home with swollen legs. And the best prevention of edema for people of all ages is healthy physical activity.
Everyone who sits at the table all day must take care of himself, periodically performing a small workout.
The simplest, but effective exercise - To rise on socks and sharply to fall on heels (60 times -1 movement in a second)
You can do rotations in the ankle joint, bend your knees, raise your legs, tilt your body, etc.
Very important prevent constipation - Stool retention for more than 2-3 days and attempts todefecation leads to an increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity, which inevitably increases the pressure in the vessels of the pelvis and legs, and the legs begin to swell. You can adjust the normal operation of the intestines with diet, gymnastics, abdominal massage, medicinal herbs.