Blood from the nose with a swollen leg swelling
What is the swelling of the nasal mucosa?
Edema of the nasal mucosa - this swelling of the nasal mucosa, which is caused by excessive blood flow to the nasal region. Often swelling is accompanied by an inflammatory process.
The nasal mucosa is aThe barrier that delays the incoming infection into the body, not allowing it to penetrate into other organs. Swelling of the mucosa indicates that the body is struggling with foreign elements or injuries, which caused a reflex reaction. In response to the threat, vascular permeability increases and blood flows to the organ that needs help.
Causes of edema of the nasal mucosa
Most often, the swelling of the nose occurs for one of three reasons:
mechanical injury to the nasal area.
Allergy occurs because the bodya person perceives certain substances as alien. What are these substances - depends on the individual characteristics of each organism, all the allergens revealed more than 300. The most common are the animal hair, pollen of plants, citrus fruits, medicines and chemicals. Under the influence of the allergen, the vessels of the nose expand, the mucosa begins to actively develop a secret in order to prevent the ingress of the allergen into the body, and this causes swelling.
For respiratory diseases, such as ARI,Edema and obstruction of the nose go through 5 days, but this is in case the bacterial infection has not spread to the paranasal sinuses. Otherwise, diseases such as sinusitis can develop. sinusitis. If the inflammation of the sinuses of the nose is not treated, it will lead to life-threatening consequences: accumulated pus can break through the mucous membrane and get into the jaw, eye or brain area.
Inflammatory processes causing swellingmucous nasal can become a consequence of hypothermia. Bathing in cold water, or staying on the street in the winter without a headdress, is especially dangerous for people with weak immunity. Often, the cause of inflammation can serve as the use of cold food or drinks.
In children, the cause of the swelling of the nasal mucosa is oftenserve adenoids - hypertrophy of the tissues of the nasopharyngeal tonsil. This phenomenon can be a consequence of frequent colds, poor health, lack of vitamins.
Edema after the injury in the nose area isa natural reaction of the body. With a mechanical trauma, the integrity of the mucous membrane is disturbed, and the body's defenses try to compensate for the "damage". The size of the edema and the time it takes to eliminate it depend on the severity of the injury and the overall health of the victim. In people with high immunity, the ability to regenerate tissues is much higher. While suffering from diabetes. for example, wounds and bruises heal much longer.
Swelling of the nasal mucosa can be caused andhormonal disorders. Often pregnant women suffer from this, especially in the first months of the term. The reason for this is the excessive release of the body progesterone - a hormone that supports the normal course of pregnancy. Doctors noticed that the majority of women suffering from sinusitis have an elevated level of female hormones.
Other causes of edema of the nasal mucosa:
benign or malignant neoplasms in the region of the nose;
congenital narrowness of nasal passages;
getting into the nasal passages of foreign objects;
reaction to the use of alcoholic beverages.
Symptoms of edema of the nasal mucosa
Visually, the mucosal edema can be determined ifto look into the nasal cavity. Mucous, as a rule, has a reddened and swollen appearance. But, since it is not always possible to examine the mucous membrane, the edema can be characterized as a feeling of nasal congestion, difficulty breathing, feeling of heaviness in this area.
Respiratory or viral diseases,causing swelling of the nose, usually accompanied by fever. abundant colorless or greenish discharge, headache or "breaking" pain in the muscles. As a rule, the nose "pawns", it is practically impossible to breathe. The sensitivity to smells disappears, dryness and burning sensation in the nose may appear. Begin a profuse tear, a feeling of "sand in the eyes."
If swelling is caused by infection in theparanasal sinuses, the patient feels a headache and heaviness in the sinuses area - these are the "wings" of the nose and the central part of the forehead. A person quickly becomes tired, becomes irritable, and his condition can be described as "broken". In the sinuses, pus is formed, some of which comes out through the nose in the form of greenish or yellow discharge, often with blood, accompanied by a specific sharp odor (the patient himself does not feel it), and some accumulate. It is likely that pus accumulates a lot, and it will break through the shell, spreading to other parts of the face and head.
Allergic edema of the nose has the following symptoms:
instant edema of the nasal mucosa;
Sometimes allergic edema of the nose is accompanied by"Pershing" in the throat and itching of the skin of the face. Disappear such symptoms can quickly enough, especially if the allergen is identified and removed. It happens that swelling does not go on for days or even weeks, as in cases of seasonal allergies to flowering plants.
If the swelling of the mucosa is caused by other causes -traumas, tumors, curvature of partitions, there will most likely not be any discharge from the nose. But the severity, congestion, discomfort and problems with breathing - will remain. A characteristic sign of the edema of the nasal mucosa is snoring.
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How to remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa?
In the event that the edema is caused by an injury -it is necessary to contact a traumatologist to determine the extent of damage to tissues, nasal septums, bones. In case of allergic reactions, the allergist doctor will help, if the edema is caused by a respiratory disease or its consequences - it is necessary to apply to an otolaryngologist. Particular danger is the swelling of the mucous in infants, whose body is not yet adapted to full-fledged breathing through the mouth. In addition, problems with nasal breathing will lead to the fact that the child will give up breast.
If the person is sure that the mucus edemadoes not pose a danger and it is possible to cope with it on its own, many medications sold in pharmacies without a prescription can help get rid of it, as well as simple procedures that are easy to perform at home.
With allergic reactions that caused swellingmucous, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of exposure to the allergen on the body and take an antihistamine, for example, Suprastin. To facilitate the breathing process, vasoconstrictive drops can be used. If after several hours the allergic reaction has not passed or the swelling has spread to the pharynx, you should seek medical help.
With edema of the nose caused by respiratorydiseases, it is necessary to work on the foci of infection, after the destruction of which the symptoms will disappear. With relatively mild forms of the disease, which are not accompanied by purulent discharge from the nose, high temperature, headaches, there will be effective washing of the nasal passages with salt, inhalation, the use of ointments facilitating breathing, and sprays narrowing the vessels. Concerning the latter, it is superfluous to note that they are not a remedy, but only relieve symptoms. In addition, the body quickly becomes accustomed to such tools, and this can lead to the fact that he will stop coping with problems on his own, waiting for help. Therefore, it is advisable not to use drops for more than 5 consecutive days.
They take antiviral drugs and inside - inthe form of powders, tablets. Such drugs prevent the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria within the body, not allowing them to affect other organs and systems. The effectiveness of such drugs has been clinically proven, but they have many side effects (including delayed ones) and are contraindicated in pregnant women and children.
When the infection gets into the sinuses of the nose, thenapply medicines for both local and internal use: antiseptics, antibiotics, immunostimulants. If there is accumulation of pus in the sinuses, they should be urgently rinsed with furatsilina or other antimicrobial agents. Rinsing is best done under the supervision of a doctor, because with careless procedure, the infection can get into the inner ear.
If there is swelling of the nasal mucosa, but at the same timethere are no secretions, probably the cause of edema is mechanical damage. If the swelling of the nose has occurred due to injury, the first thing to do is apply cold to the damaged area. This will help narrow the blood vessels and stop the flow of blood and lymph. Such swelling, as a rule, pass by themselves, as the tissues recover. It is possible to help regeneration with the help of healing ointments, and swelling should be removed with vasoconstrictive drops. In severe cases, surgical intervention is required.
In the event that the cause of edema ishormonal disorders, for example, excess of female hormones, the doctor, after studying the patient's hormonal background, prescribes drugs that lower the level of a certain hormone.
Use of synthetic drugsoften inflicts damage to the entire body, especially people who have intolerance to certain drugs, or those with weakened immunity, can suffer. The gastrointestinal tract of a person is seriously affected by chemical substances, which can result in various disorders, violation of the natural microflora of the body, reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. Thus, the use of folk remedies is more sparing and safe for the body the way of treatment, however, in particularly difficult cases, most of these methods are powerless.
To treat edema of the nasal mucosa caused by viral infections, the following recipes are suitable:
Rinsing of the respiratory tract with sea salt solution. To do this, 1 teaspoon of sea saltdissolve in 0.5 liters of warm boiled water, mix thoroughly. The solution must be poured into one nostril and let through another. Salt dilutes mucus and promotes its release. To avoid damage to the mucosa, the procedure is not recommended to be performed more than three times a day. In this case, the nose before washing should not be laid. Read more about the procedure for washing the nose.
Iodine solution. Washing of the nasal passages with iodine solutionrecommended for chronic sinusitis. One or two drops of iodine are added to a glass of warm water and rinsing is performed. It is not recommended to swallow the solution.
Inhalations with essential oil. Boil water in a wide saucepan, boiling wateradd a few drops of fir essential oil. pine or cedar. After that, bend over the pan, covering your head with a towel, inhaling the vapors. Inhalation is performed several times a day for 15-20 minutes.
Potato inhalation. This means was used by our distant ancestors,its essence is extremely simple. You need to cook the potatoes in the peel, drain the water, and, covering yourself with a towel or a blanket along with the pot, inhale the potato pairs until it cools.
Treatment of onion juice. The bulb is rubbed on a grater or chopped intocombine, 3 teaspoons of the received weight pour in a glass of boiled water, add a teaspoon of honey, insist about 40 minutes. The resulting infusion is used to wash the nose or dig into 5 drops in each nostril several times a day. The amount of water in the recipe can be reduced by 2-3 times, increasing the effectiveness of the product, but at the same time there is a risk of burning the nasal mucosa.
Aloe juice. The lower leaves of the plant must be cut,rinse, then they scroll through the meat grinder, squeeze the juice with gauze. This juice is mixed with honey in a ratio of 1: 1 and dig into each nostril 3 drops 4-5 times a day. Such a mixture not only removes the edema and relieves nasal congestion, but also accelerates the healing of the mucosa.
Beetroot from the mucus edema. Freshly squeezed juice of raw beets is mixed inproportions 1: 1 with water and dig in 2-3 drops in each nostril. However, this recipe is not suitable for everyone - it can cause a burn mucous. This is especially true for young children. In the latter case, you can use the juice of cooked beets. A mixture of carrot juices (three parts) and beets (one part) is also used.
Honey against edema. Those who do not have allergies to beekeeping products,can successfully use honey to relieve edema and nasal congestion. Natural unheated honey is diluted with water in a proportion of 1: 1 and is buried in the nose a few drops during the day. It is also useful to take honey inside - it has an antimicrobial effect and strengthens the immune system, helping the body fight viruses. In a day an adult person can eat 100 grams of honey, children - up to 50 grams.
Herbal treatment. Remove the edema will help decoctions of herbs like chamomileand calendula. Chamomile has an anti-inflammatory effect, helps to restore the mucosa. Calendula has an antiseptic and calming effect, activates the body's defense systems. To prepare the broth, you need to take a tablespoon of dry mixture, pour boiling water and keep on a water bath for about 20 minutes. Then cool the broth to room temperature and rinse out the nose.
If frequent lavage of the nose caused dryness andirritation mucous, you can use the oil of sea buckthorn, which has anti-inflammatory effect. It is enough to drip 1-2 drops of oil into each nostril, it will help bring the mucous to a normal state.
In the event that neither washing, nor treatmentherbs or honey does not help, and the swelling of the nasal mucosa lasts more than a week, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms or pain, it is necessary to see a doctor and begin treatment with conventional medicine. Prolonged or incorrectly selected treatment can contribute to the development of a chronic form of the disease.
The author of the article: Vafaeva Julia Valerievna, nephrologist