Edema in the region of the hip joint
Rehabilitation exercises are very important inrestorative treatment after any surgery, especially they are important after a replacement, hip joint. Functional recovery after total hip arthroplasty may take time from several months to six months. Since weak thigh muscles can cause or trigger new injuries, it is necessary to prevent undesirable consequences, this will require a rehabilitation program in the form of physical exercises. Physical exercises will help restore the strength of the muscles of the hip, the volume of movements, prevent possible deterioration and accelerate recovery.
Important! Precautions to be taken after hip replacement.
It is necessary to avoid prolonged sitting and / orstanding for a long time (no more than 30 minutes in one place). The performed movements promote blood circulation increase, thereby reducing postoperative edema.
The practice of safe driving and observance of simple rules will help to avoid injuries and damage.
- Do not bend your foot when sitting down and sitting, observing the bending angle of less than 90 degrees. Sit better on the cushion, so your knee will be below the level of the pelvis.
- Do not rotate, wound, (rotate) the operated leg inward, in the position of the sock.
- Do not cross an operated leg, do not put your foot on your leg.
- Do not lean forward. Your shoulders should stay behind your hips.
- Do not raise your knee higher than your thighs when sitting.
- Do not bend forward to pick up objects from the floor.
- Do not turn the trunk inward, when, lie, sit or stand.
- While sleeping or lying in bed, hold the pillow between your legs to prevent dislocation of the hip.
Exercises of the first stage of recovery, from which to begin physical rehabilitation and restoration of movements in the hip.
- Exercise to strengthen the muscles of the foot and ankle. Move the foot up and down, alternating legs. Repeat the exercise 10 times, several times a day.
- In a sitting position on a chair. Straighten the operated leg and try to hold it for a few seconds. Repeat the exercise 10 times, several times a day.
Exercises of the second stage of recovery, to strengthen and stretch the muscles of the thigh contributing to the physiological capabilities of the hip joint
- Strengthening of the muscles of the thigh. Exercises for the development of strength, will help build muscle mass and strengthen the basic muscles of the leg and hip joint.
- Exercise stretching, improve flexibility andrange of movements in the hip joint. Many people who have suffered a hip replacement suffer from bursitis (inflammation of the mucous bags predominantly in the joints), which causes swelling and pain around the hip joint. Stretching exercises protect your muscles from injuries and stiffness in the muscles after physical exertion, which can lead to pain in the thigh.
Exercise exercises to increase strength and endurance of the hip muscles
Aerobic exercise not only strengthen the muscles around the hipjoint, but also increase muscular endurance. Recommended forms of aerobic training after the replacement of the hip joint. walking, cycling, swimming, elliptical trainer.
- Walking is one way to increase loadsafter the replacement of the hip joint. Use a cane or walker until the balance is fully restored. Walking in the open air is useful, such walks will be useful not only for increasing strength in muscles, but also they will help to eliminate stagnant phenomena and increase gas exchange in the lungs. After consultation and permission of the attending physician, it is recommended to start walking from five to 10 minutes three to four times a week. Once you get stronger, increase the duration of walks to 20-30 minutes two to three times a week.
- With the help of an exercise bike you can restoremobility and increase strength in the thigh. Begin training with torsion pedals back, and then forward. Time interval of training with 3-5 minutes a day. Set the seat as high as possible, so that your feet will barely touch the pedals at full turn. Set optimally light resistance, increase resistance as you recover. Increase the duration by one minute a day until you finish the time 20 minutes a day. The use of an exercise bike is recommended only 6 to 8 weeks after the operation and the doctor's recommendation.
Exercises for resistance
- Exercises for resistance will help effectivelybuild muscle and strength. Exercises of this kind can be recommended only by a physiotherapist or a doctor in charge. Exercises with resistance are carried out with a tourniquet, a rubber band or an expander. There are a variety of exercises for different groups of hamstrings, exercises for taking, bringing, lifting the hip. Begin exercises with minimum loads of 3-5 repetitions increasing the load to 12-15 times per approach.
Attention! Hazard signal recognition
Call your doctor if you notice any of the following symptoms:
• Growing pain in the hip joint
• Persistent or growing pain, swelling, swelling in the thigh or leg area
• Redness, local temperature increase at the site of surgery
• The total body temperature is above 38 degrees.
Attention! Before embarking on any physicalExercises should be consulted with your doctor. Consultation is required because, only an individual approach and the selection of exercises, will be able to ensure maximum recovery results and protect you from injuries.