Edema of the left leg during pregnancy
Edema during pregnancy is considered a variant of the norm,but only beginning with the second half of gestation. In the first half of pregnancy, edema is usually not associated with it and indicates the presence of other diseases (kidney, heart, venous and lymphatic vessels).
Swelling of the feet during pregnancy - reasons
In the second half, one of the main reasons,why swollen legs during pregnancy, there is a late gestosis (toxicosis) of pregnant women. The causes of late gestosis are not fully established. There are 4 types of late pregnancy toxicosis:
Edema is observed in the first two types of gestosis.
Most often swelling of the legs during pregnancy withdropsy of pregnant women. The disease develops gradually and is characterized by the presence of edema, but with no arterial pressure and no urine in the urine. There are 4 degrees of dropsy:
- swelling of the feet in pregnant women, which extend to the lower leg to the knees;
- swelling of both legs, lumbosacral region and lower abdomen;
- edema of the upper and lower extremities, face and trunk;
- general edema.
Nephropathy of pregnant women also causes swelling. They are different: a small pastosity of the skin, swelling under the eyes, swelling of the feet during pregnancy, swelling of the whole body. In addition to edema, there is always an increase in blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine. The cause is often kidney disease, which worsen during pregnancy, compression of the ureters by a growing uterus with a fetus with a violation of the outflow of urine.
Another reason why pregnant women swelllegs, there may be venous congestion. But pregnancy often becomes a factor that stimulates the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities. And, if in addition to edema that does not disappear, strong, spreading pains appear in the legs, an increase in body temperature, redness of the skin - vein thrombosis is possible.
Most often, swelling with varicose veins of the legsasymmetrical. If the right leg swells during pregnancy - it can be caused by varicose dilatation and stagnation in the veins of the right leg, if the left leg swells during pregnancy - varicose veins on the left. Secondary disturbances of the lymph drainage are also often asymmetrical and are combined with venous congestion, with the primary (congenital) lymphedema swelling is symmetrical and is even before pregnancy, and edema is often dense and hard. First, the feet swell in pregnant women, then the lower leg, and gradually the swelling spreads to the entire limb. Localized swelling, in which any part of the limb swells, may appear with thrombosis of any vein or lymphatic vessel, often accompanied by symptoms of inflammation around the site of obstruction.
Another reason why during pregnancystrongly swollen legs - diseases of the cardiovascular system and heart defects They often exacerbate or manifest themselves with increased stress on the heart associated with pregnancy. Swelling usually intensifies with physical exertion and at the end of the day and an additional examination of the cardiovascular system helps to identify the cause of such edema.
What should I do if my legs swell during pregnancy?
If the pregnant woman swells around her legs,examination of the kidneys, cardiovascular system, venous system. But sometimes swelling is hidden or slightly noticeable, and fluid in the body is delayed. To reveal them it is possible only regular weighing of the pregnant woman (about edemas speaks uneven growth of mass of a body or an increase in weight more than 300 g for a week). It is also necessary to regularly measure daily diuresis (daily amount of urine) and monitor the amount of fluid drunk. If the amount of urine is less than ¾ of the liquid, you can suspect that the fluid is trapped in the body.
Swelling of the feet during pregnancy - treatment
Treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor after an additional examination. It depends on the cause that caused the swelling. But simple recommendations should be remembered:
- limit the use of salt (less than 8 grams per day);
- in the second half of pregnancy, drink no more than 1-1.2 liters of liquid per day;
- high-grade nutrition with a high content of vitamins, contributing to the strengthening of the vascular wall;
- often rest, lifting the limbs on the support or lying with their legs raised up on the support;
- comfortable shoes without heels and clothing that does not prevent blood flow from the limbs.