Footwear for feet with edema
Comfortable disagreed shoes that never beforeyou did not fail, began to rub the calluses. Legs seem wadded, "buzz" and look bulky. Almost every woman faces such problems in the summer heat. The situation is aggravated during menstruation and pregnancy.
Swelling of the feet often accompany variousdisease. Sometimes they become the first alarm bell about the disorder in the body. However, in the summer months, edema of the legs may occur in practically healthy people.
Heat and swelling: what is the connection?
In the summer sun, the main function of the body -Cooling, and the cooling liquid is sweat. We sweat, drink and sweat again. If the thermometer's column rolls over a mark of 30 degrees, then the amount of sweat can increase to 1.5 liters per hour. And if a person at the same time is actively working, then it generally pours, as from a bucket. Can you imagine what a powerful pump is needed to pump such volumes of liquid and distribute it correctly on the body?
The main burden falls on the heart and kidneys, and notalways these bodies cope with the task by 100%, sometimes they do not finish a little, which leads to swelling. Edema is the accumulation of fluid in soft tissues. And the most frequent summer cause of their appearance is an excessive burden on the kidneys and the heart with soft drinks.
Is summer swelling always a sign of illness?
First of all, you need to decide whether there is a reason for concern. Even a practically healthy person may have swelling.
If the swelling of the feet is barely noticeable, it rarely occurs,by the morning completely passes and is not accompanied by other troubles, it is not necessary to worry. With such edemas you can cope without resorting to medical help.
Another cause of swelling of the legs is varicoseexpansion of veins. Under the influence of the sun, heat and increased volume of fluid, the walls of the veins stretch, thin, begin to flow water into the intercellular spaces of the surrounding tissues.
Primarily, venous insufficiencyshows himself on his feet. If the summer nights "feet", become "heavy" or "cotton", you must definitely find time to visit a vascular surgeon.
Even without visible signs in the form of blue patternsunder the skin, these symptoms can talk about developing varicose veins. In the early stages of venous insufficiency is well treated, most importantly, in time to get down to business!
Predisposition to edema is in people with excess weight and a relatively small size of shoes, those who suffer from flat feet, and also like to wear tight shoes on a high hairpin.
Pay attention to the toes: if the second finger on the foot is longer than all the others, the probability of developing edema, varicosity and flatfoot is minimal, if your fingers are lined with an even ladder, alas, there is a risk.
There are other causes of edema: serious heart and kidney disease, thyroid gland pathology, protein metabolism disorders, diabetes mellitus, liver diseases, and so on.
If swelling persistent, do not disappear after a goodrest and gradually build up, you can not leave them without attention, writing off only in the heat, especially if you have other complaints besides the puffiness of your legs.
How to determine if there is swelling?
With small swelling - pastoznosti - guess aboutwhat happens is indirect: the shoes tend to be small by the evening, the sandal straps cut into the skin, there are traces of socks and stockings, the silhouette of the leg is slightly smoothed. If you press lightly on the front surface of the shin, where the bone underneath passes through the skin, a noticeable fossa or irregularity remains on the surface of the foot for a long time.
If for several days to measure the centimeter tape with an ankle volume in the morning and in the evening, you can track significant fluctuations in volume.
Proper shoes with swelling
If you have a tendency to swelling, do not rushtake decisive action. Perhaps, it will be enough to change a habitual way of life a little. First you need to give up shoes with high heels, close sandals that squeeze the leg, and from stockings with tight elastic bands. These attributes of this lady, unfortunately, exacerbate edema.
If you do not want to radically change the habitual style, try to change your shoes at work in more comfortable shoes with a low heel (not more than 5 cm), and wear elegant studs only "on the way out."
In those days, when you can not give up on the model shoes, do yourself a massage of the feet and shins: massage your legs from the bottom up, along the current of the lymph. Thus you stimulate its movement in the vessels and capillaries.
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If you are addicted to edema, it is useful to do the following exercises:
1. Remove tension from the calf muscles and "disperse" the blood will help rolling from the heel to the toe and back. Repeat this exercise 5-6 times every two hours. When you sit down at your desk, supplement this simple gymnastics with the circular movements of the foot in the ankle joint.
2. Do not waste time: during the evening watching TV, take off your shoes, put a light mat or a piece of thick cloth under your feet, try to crumple it into an accordion with the help of feet. Repeat 5-6 times.
It is useful to ride with bare feet a tight ball or rolling pin on the floor: this is an excellent massage for your tired legs for a day.
3. In the daily morning exercise complex, turn on the exercise "bike": lying on your back, make such movements with your feet as if you are participating in a bike ride. If there is no strength for the "big" sport, just lie down, lifting your legs up a few minutes.
By the way, if there is an opportunity, try, sitting fortable, put your feet on some elevation and even sleep "backwards", laying a pillow under your feet. This will improve the outflow of blood and reduce the manifestations of puffiness.
Water procedures for swollen feet
Having come home from work, first of all go tobathroom. Every day, arrange a contrast shower for your legs. Particular attention should be paid to the inner surface of the lower leg to the knee: here are the most important connective veins suffering from varicose veins. Differences in the temperature of the water jet will keep your blood vessels toned and give your skin a smart and fresh look.
Periodically arrange a water march: collect cool water in the basin and march in it for 1-2 minutes.
If you're lucky enough to live next to a body of water suitable for swimming, you can run jogging along the edge of the water and wet sand - it's very useful.
A couple of times a week, go to the pool to swim or do aqua aerobics. During the movement, water jets have an excellent hydromassage effect.
Is it necessary to limit the amount of liquid?
Deprive yourself of water in the summer heat - unthinkablepunishment. However, with some serious diseases, this is a compulsory measure. If there are no serious health problems, you should not limit yourself in water: such deprivation can only do much harm. So, with insufficient intake of fluid into the body, blood condenses, its movement through the veins slows down, the liquid part of the plasma penetrates into the fatty tissue and soft tissues, thereby swelling only intensifies.
Another problem is the kidneys. The less we drink, the more concentrated urine is formed in the kidneys, which greatly increases the risk of urolithiasis. As a result, the fight against edema by water retention can result in the appearance of kidney stones.
Choose natural, non-carbonated drinks: juices, compotes, fruit drinks or herbal tea. Remember, products with dyes, preservatives and sweeteners only intensify thirst.
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If the legs swell by evening, maybe it costs less to walk?
This conclusion is true only for pregnant womenof women in late pregnancy: their edema is aggravated by the fact that the enlarged uterus squeezes the vessels of the small pelvis, leading to stagnation of blood in the veins of the lower part of the trunk.
If a woman in such a position spends the whole day on her legs - swelling will inevitably increase.
It is not without reason that an antenatal vacation is devised, during which the expectant mother should rest more and spare herself. In other cases, an active lifestyle is one of the main medicines for summer swelling.
For the health of the legs need strong muscles, which during walking make the blood run faster through the veins, thereby inhibiting the development of edema.
Phytotherapy against edema
Many vegetables and fruits have a diureticeffect, facilitating the work of the kidneys. In June, strawberries come to our aid, in the middle of summer - mulberry, apples, pears, cherries, cucumbers and zucchini. By August-September, it's time for watermelons, cranberries and cranberries.
A remarkable diuretic effect is possessed by berriesjuniper. Brewing them, you will get a fragrant drink with a pleasant sweetish taste. Everyone knows the diuretic action of bearberry, flax seed, dill seed or fennel.
Broths and infusions of these herbs can be added tousual drink during the day. However, do not treat herbs too lightly. Even phytotherapy has contraindications, first of all, the risk of allergic reactions is high.
If, despite all the efforts, the legs continue to obstinately swell, medical intervention can not be avoided. The doctor will establish the true cause of puffiness, prescribe therapy, help avoid complications.