Swelling below the knee

Pain in the knee joint

  • If because of the pain you find it difficult to move around,
  • If there is excessive mobility in the joint or it is impossible to withstand the load under the influence of its own weight.
  • If, in addition to pain, marked swelling, redness, or discoloration of the skin lasting more than 24 hours is also noted.
  • If the pain of incomprehensible origin lasts more than three days.
  • If the pain that occurs after the injury does not decrease within five days.


Oh, those knees! Yesterday you worked a little, and the next day you felt bad and realized that you were in vain trying to outwit the Lord God!

Because each of about 50 millionAmericans discovers certain disorders of the knee joint, you too can safely join the "Club of the Sore Tribe". Our knees are prone to all kinds of jerks, jerks and bumps. The older a person becomes and the more active his contemporary society forces, the greater burden he places on his knees. And these unhappy knees begin to wear out and collapse much easier than before. Alas, the ranks of this club continue to be replenished.

You have every reason to join the club,If you fall on your knee, you will turn it awkwardly or hurt. Similar prerequisites are created by old injuries that have never been cured properly and now respond to any changes in atmospheric pressure. Most often in the knee joint there are recurrent pains due to prolonged exercise.

The knee is fastened with strong bundles. They connect the bones entering the joint, provide protection and create a stable position of the joint. The joints include cartilages, in the form of pillows covering the bones, and tendons with which the muscles attach to the bones. But even these elastic tissues have a limit of endurance. From too frequent bending, too much stress during running or jumping, these tissues can break or develop inflammation.

Damage to these tissues is negatively reflectedon the sensitive surface of the bones of the knee joint. The tissues in the knee joint act as devices to mitigate impacts in the car. When you stop abruptly during the ride or subject these devices to such strong influences that they are not designed for, this leads to wear. In the car, you hear the sound of a gnash of metal. In the knee, you feel the pain from rubbing bones against each other.

Many types of pain due to excessive stress on the joint are united by one term - chondromalation of the patella. They are localized in the very cup, around it and under the drink.

However, not every pain with overstrain of the jointbelongs to this category. In the event that your mobile child of ten years complains of pains just below the popliteal calyx, this may be a symptom of Osgood-Schletter's disease. These pains are associated with the process of bone growth. They occur with increased pressure on the tendon from below the calyx of the bones of the legs. One can imagine the suffering of an unhappy child in pain caused by a combination of high physical activity and accelerated growth of bones and muscles during puberty. Pains are caused by the increase in bone mass or with bruises of the upper leg bone, in front and below the kneecap.

Just as with overloads, under the influence,which violate the normal functioning of the joint, develops a condition called synovitis. Your mother may have told you in childhood about water in the knee or dropsy of the joint. This name arose because of the similarity of the affected joint with a balloon filled with water. The synovitis develops after the impact or dislocation of the joint, when the joint cavity is filled with blood or another liquid.

Another condition, which also belongs to the numberdisorders associated with increased stress - this is the so-called "knee housewife." In fact, it is a form of bursitis - irritation of the anterior part of the knee joint with the filling of the joint bag with liquid. The most frequent cause of bursitis of the nascent calyx is a prolonged stay on the knees on a hard surface.

For the knee, there is another potentialdanger - the possibility of developing a disease such as exfoliating osteochondritis. It represents the death of a segment of bone or cartilage. The causes of these disorders are unknown. Usually, if a piece of bone or cartilage is detached from the dead bone, more severe pains occur than with blockade of the joint.

In some cases, painful pain in the knee, inmay be related to other parts of the body, for example, toes, feet, spine, or thigh. Flattening or weakening of the calf muscles leads to hyperpredation (turning the foot inward), increasing the load on the knee. If the body is not properly positioned or gait disturbances, pain can concentrate in the knee joint.

The knee is also a favorite target forvarious forms of arthritis. Due to wear and tear of cartilage and other joint tissues, osteoarthritis develops. With rheumatoid arthritis, there is a progressive increase in the pain and swelling of the joints, as well as surrounding tissues. These phenomena can be accompanied by other symptoms: fatigue, weight loss and a slight increase in the overall temperature. Gout, a metabolic disease, is manifested by severe arthritis in connection with the deposition of uric acid in the joints and other tissues.

In addition to all of the above, the knee is also a potential source of development of tumors, cysts and infectious diseases that occur with pain syndrome.


The key point and elimination of pain in the kneejoints is primarily the exclusion of all activities that cause these pains. In case of repeated abuse of endurance of the joints, they will answer you with even more severe pain.

With a kind and careful treatment of sick joints, they will thank you. To know how to act properly, you are offered the following tips,

Try a set of simple effects. Will this result in acute injury orthe usual overload of the joint, good results can be achieved with the help of such influences as rest, applying ice, pressing bandage and elevated position of the joint. Peace in this case is crucial. After some period of restriction of activity, doctors go on to gradual recovery and exercise.

During the period of resting to reduce swellingIt is necessary to apply ice in the form of applications for 15 minutes, several times a day. The knee should be bandaged with an elastic bandage, not too tight to limit mobility in the joint. In addition, lift the knee with a pillow to ensure fluid outflow from the damaged joint.

Take painkillers. Aspirin and ibuprofen have a powerful analgesicand anti-inflammatory effect and are good for pain and swelling in the knee joint area. Acetaminophen weakens pain, but has no effect on swelling.

Apply heat to the injured knee. Cold helps well in the first days after injury. Longer pain in the future is better treated with moist heat. To do this, you can use a warm wet towel, bottles with warm water, moist warming pads, warm baths or hydromassage.

Get rid of excess weight. Reducing excess weight will remove the harmfulknee joint load during walking. The force of gravity on the articular surfaces of the bones of the knee joint can be eight times greater than body weight. If you lose 4.5 kg of weight, this force will decrease by 36 kg, which, of course, is very significant.

Provide support for the arch of the foot. Uncomplicated devices for placing in shoesprevent excessive pronation of the foot. People with pronounced pronation need to make such adaptations on an individual order.

Take care of your knees. When you have to spend a lot of time,kneeling, take care to reduce pressure on the nasal cups by using softening pads or pads. To avoid constant pressure on the cup, also make breaks in work more often.

Avoid sitting squatting. While squatting and with deepbending in the knees creates an extremely strong load on the joints. As a result, the cartilage and tendons of the quadriceps femoris can arise. Some people with prolonged squatting are the reasons for joint pain, which lasts a very long time.

Replace the run with other exercises. Physical exercises, in which the joints are notare exposed to the action of body weight, such as bicycle riding, walking and swimming, are more favorable for the knee joints than running. If you need to run, increase the warm-up time, shorten the distance, try to run on soft ground and always use shoes for good quality running.

Do gymnastics. Weak muscles are often the true causemost chronic knee joint disorders. That's why in 80% of cases the pain in them is reduced after a special exercise program designed to increase the flexibility and strength of the muscles, in particular the quadriceps muscle of the thigh (large muscles located on the front and back surfaces of the thigh) and hamstrings.

see also "Inflammation of the joints", "Joint pain", "Swelling of the joints".