Cardiac puffiness of feet treatment
Heart failure and swelling of the legs
This happens to many, but not everyone knows the causes of edema of the legs with heart failure. The heart can not cope with the loads that we give to it, and there is a slowdown in the flow of blood in the vascular bed, and water begins to accumulate in the tissues, and the legs suffer first.
Let's check ourselves: take now and put your index finger on the front, part of your shins over the bone, and hold for a couple of seconds. And now look, if there is a fossa that slowly smoothes, then edema is present. Also, if you notice that recently you have a sharp excess weight, then this too can be a water retention in the body.
A few symptoms that will help you recognize heart failure:
- Edema begins to appear from the legs, as well as from the lower abdomen. If this is a recumbent patient, then there may be a swelling in the lower back.
- Edema develops very slowly.
- Edema is left with a pressure pitting, which means that they are dense.
- The liver is enlarged
- The accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is ascites.
- Shortness of breath, tachycardia, blue lips, pale skin, poor tolerance of even light physical exertion.
If all this is noticed at home, immediately consult a specialist in order to start treatment. How will it pass? To do this, we need to eliminate the cause of the edema, we found that when heart failure lead to swelling of the legs. so you need to heal the heart, well, sometimes there are kidneys.
Here are some general principles and recommendations:
- Limit the use of salt. This is not possible at all, therefore, no more than two grams a day, but less.
- Consume less liquid (this applies to the first dishes), at least to a liter a day.
- It is necessary to take as a rule, to measure the urine allocated by the body for a day, since it should be as much as you consume liquids.
- Also, if you take diuretics. Consult with a doctor, as they wash out potassium, which is necessary for the body, it maintains a normal heart rhythm.
- Eat potassium-rich foods: baked potatoes, rice, oatmeal. Also, dog rose, raisins and dried apricots.
By following these general rules, you will be able to effectivelysupport your body, and do not let it develop in this disease. But still, if you honor the suspicion of heart failure, then you should contact a cardiologist. He will help determine the therapy that will support the state of the cardiovascular system, and bring the general condition in order.
And do not forget that to prevent the disease,much easier than to eliminate it! Therefore, if you simply, at least once a year, come to see a cardiologist, and know the state of your heart, this will help in time to respond to the problem and prevent complications. Because there are no people who would not be at risk, so we need to worry about ourselves a little, and "keep our fingers on the pulse"! Having done all this, you yourself will be calm, and save from the troubles of your loved ones, and it's worth it, believe me! Good health to you!
Swelling of the legs with heart failure: how to treat them
Heart failure can not be consideredan independent disease - in fact it is a violation of heart function and other consequences of diseases of the cardiovascular system (for example, myocardial infarction, arterial hypertension, heart disease, and so on). Heart failure is accompanied by quite distinct symptoms - including swelling caused by stagnation of fluid and blood.
Heart failure is almost alwaysaccompanied by edema, but the localization of edema depends on the nature of heart disease and the specificity of the disease that caused heart failure. Thus, for example, the predominant left ventricular failure, most commonly caused by hypertension or coronary heart disease, causes pulmonary edema accompanied by shortness of breath, difficulty breathing. But the lack of right ventricle of the heart is accompanied by a delay in salts and fluid in the body, which causes swelling of the legs. In addition, puffiness in heart failure is almost always bilateral, that is, both legs swell.
The actual cause of edema of the legs with cardiacdeficiency with the right ventricle of the heart - venous stasis of blood in a large (and not pulmonary, as in left ventricular failure) circulatory system.
Dynamics of edema in heart failure
Progressive heart failureleads to aggravation of symptoms. If at an early stage of development of heart failure edema of the legs is insignificant (swelling in the first place, feet and shins, but swelling quickly disappears), then with time puffiness becomes chronic. It is because of this tendency to increase symptoms in heart failure that swelling initially does not cause complaints in the patient and seems quite natural phenomenon, caused, rather, by prolonged stay in an upright position or in an uncomfortable position.
As the legs swell in the evening, and after rest andsleep swelling subsides, the patient seems that there is no cause for concern. Nevertheless, over time, puffiness increases, and swelling of the legs with heart failure does not disappear after a short rest or sleep. In addition to the feet, ankles and lower legs, the hips begin to swell. At the same time, other, more serious signs of heart failure appear - shortness of breath, enlargement of the liver in size with the corresponding symptoms (pain on the right side, a feeling of heaviness, yellowing of the skin or eyes), fatigue.
In all cases where the puffiness of the limbsis caused by any serious disorders or diseases, to eliminate the edema requires a cure of the disease - and edema of the legs with heart failure is no exception. If at an early stage of developing heart failure, simple, "home" remedies - for example, resting horizontally with legs above the trunk, feet, massage or cold compresses - help to quickly remove swelling, then in the later stages completely eliminate the swelling of the legs, only controlling heart failure.
One of the main methods of suppressing symptoms of heart failure caused by fluid congestion is diuretics (diuretics), which cause the outflow of fluid from the body.
For removal of edema of the legs can be used asnatural diuretics (traditional medicine), and special medicines. Most often, with severe heart failure, drugs are prescribed from the group of loop diuretics - furosemide, ethacrynic acid, bumetanide, piretanide, torasemide, which have a pronounced diuretic effect.
In addition, the treatment of heart failureit involves the reception of so-called cardiac glycosides - medicinal products of plant origin, which have a complex effect on the cardiovascular system. These drugs not only normalize blood circulation, preventing stagnation of blood, but also increase diuresis, thus stimulating the excretion of fluid from the body and helping to remove swelling of the legs.
What to do if the swelling of the legs with heart failure
Edema is a fluid accumulation,which occurs in various organs and tissues of our body. Very often it is through swelling that cardiac ailments manifest. The localization of puffiness is in direct causal connection with the causes of heart failure. For example, pulmonary edema can talk about the failure of the left ventricle, and swelling of the legs with heart failure indicate problems with the right heart ventricle.
At the initial stage of the disease, edema appears only on the lower limbs, but as the disease progresses, they can spread to other parts of the body.
How to deal with edema of the legs with heart failure
In heart diseases, puffiness issymmetric. Thus, both legs are exposed to edema. As the disease progresses, symptoms increase. At first, the legs are edematous to an insignificant degree, with edemas rapidly passing through. However, with more advanced forms of the disease, the swelling of the legs with heart failure does not subside either after a night's sleep or after a long rest. In addition to this puffiness, the thighs also begin to be exposed. The general condition is inhibited by the appearance of other symptoms. These include shortness of breath, as well as increased fatigue.
However, what is the reason for the untimelyseeking help with the first signs of heart failure? And all because the process of the development of the disease at the first stages is very slow and proceeds almost imperceptibly. The swelling of the legs appears only in the evenings. Often patients associate edema with a prolonged stay in an upright position and do not seek any other reasons for their occurrence.
All this at first sight seems quiteordinary, especially since after sleep from swelling there is no trace. However, no one thinks that puffiness along with the disease of the cardiovascular system is smoothly transformed into a chronic form.
Diagnosis of cardiac edema is not as simple asseems at first sight. In simple words, the process can be described as follows. Cardiac pathologies lead to a decrease in the volume and frequency of cardiac output, which leads to a slowdown in blood flow and a decrease in the volume of extracellular fluid. This is a certain kidney signal to keep water and sodium. The current of blood through the vessels slows down, part of the fluid passes through the walls in the tissue. Thus, edema occurs. Under the influence of gravity the fluid moves down the body, therefore, and swell, first the legs.
In order to determine the cardiac characterswelling on the legs, you need to press the shin with your index finger for 1-2 seconds. If as a result of this formed a fossa, which gradually begins to disappear, this may indicate the presence of edema.
Treatment of swelling due tocardiovascular diseases is first and foremost the correct and timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease, which caused the edema. With timely access for help, coping with them will not be difficult. Edema can be easily eliminated with the use of trays, cold compresses, rest and special foot massage. However, with the advanced form of the disease, success is possible only after the cure of the disease, which caused the edema.