Swelling of the legs below the knee
Why are knees biting? Such pain is a sign that the patient has joint problems. To determine the cause of painful sensations it is possible for various secondary symptoms and after the delivery of all analyzes. At the first sign of prolonged pain below the knee, you should immediately call your doctor. Causes of pain can be different. In most cases, such feelings begin to occur after strong physical exertion, but the nature of the disease can be completely different.
Long-term pain in the knee joint canTo serve as a signal for the development of arthritis or arthrosis in acute or chronic form. You need to contact a specialist without delay. Running the inflammatory process can cause disability and inability to move. In the treatment of aching pain, a medicamentous method of treatment, folk remedies, curative gymnastics is usually used.
Causes of prolonged pain in the knee
Why do my legs hurt? There are a number of diseases that can provoke prolonged aching pain in the knee. One of these diseases is osteoarthritis. It provokes the decomposition of the joint structure and is often caused by an old physical trauma. Such pains are aching and manifest at the beginning or end of the day. In addition to painful sensations, the symptoms of the disease are swelling of the knee, swelling and redness.
The cause of the defeat of the leg below the knees may benecrosis of tuberosity of the tibia. A similar disease occurs mainly in boys in adolescence. Accompanying the disease with prolonged pain and swelling of the knee. Usually, the leg swells in front and behind just below the affected area. Popliteal bursitis occurs in patients of different ages. In this case, the leg below the knee swells and there is a dense inflammation. Often infectious skin damage can be a source of pain. A similar lesion covers the bone tissue, the joint box and leads to aching pain that restricts movement.
Aching in the knee may be an echoreal problems in the spine and lower back. Such symptoms are observed when the nerve is caught. Prolonged aching pain can be a symptom of osteochondritis. This disease is rare, but affects the cartilage, which separates from the bone and moves to the joint.
Knee injury can happen not only inthe result of a sharp single injury, but also as a result of constant loads. Not always the body can carry them with ease. A constant physical load can irritate the knee joint, damaged tissues are more susceptible to any changes and an inflammatory process may begin. Most often from aching pains in the knees suffer patients who engage in sports. It can be running or cycling.
As a result of constant excessive physical exertion, such diseases can occur that cause pain below the knees:
- Bursitis. Causes: defeat of the knee joint and articular bag. Excess fluid in the knee.
- Tendiosis. Deformation of connective tissue.
- Pine-hip pain syndrome. Accompanied by aching pain in the kneecap.
- Syndrome of fibrinous film. Thickening of articular ligaments.
In most cases, the causes of prolongedpain in the legs - this is an injury. Such mutilation is not possible. This is an accidental severe injury. Get similar damage can be with a strong impact of the foot on a solid object, unnatural bending of the joint, a sharp fall on the leg. With such damage, almost immediately the foot begins to swell and there are strong painful sensations. They do not stop, even if the patient keeps his foot at rest. With such trauma, there is usually a risk of damage to nerve endings or blood vessels. A leg below the knee may become numb, a strange sensation of tingling arises. The skin first turns red, then turns white, then turns blue.
In acute injury, legs are possiblenumerous damage. Why is injury dangerous? First of all, you can stretch or tear the tendons and ligaments in the knee joint. At best, the patient will receive stretching. With a fall, there is a risk of damage to the meniscus - cartilaginous tissue. The knee ligaments of the tibia can also be damaged by a fall.
After a direct stroke, even a fracture is possible. The femur, the lower leg and the patella can suffer. In this case, pain in the knee joint can be caused by unnatural twisting of the joint or its bending. With such a trauma you can earn a dislocation of the kneecap. This damage often occurs in girls in adolescence who are actively involved in sports. The aching pain is provoked by the detachment of the cartilaginous or bony patch that is inside the joint and prevents it from functioning normally.
The causes of aching pain can be different. Rarely painful sensations are provoked by dislocations below the knee. This reason is not common because it is quite difficult to get such a trauma. This damage will appear immediately. The patient is in very severe pain. It is advisable to immediately bring the victim to the hospital.
Popular folk remedies
If the knee hurts, what should I do? Against joint pain, there are proven folk remedies that will definitely help. Take a large sheet of horseradish and dip it into boiling water for 2-3 seconds. Put the sheet on your foot and warm the bandage. Hold the compress for 5 minutes. Such help is indispensable if you have pain in the knee joint. Do not hold the compress longer than the specified time, you can get a burn. This procedure should be repeated on a daily basis. The course should last at least 7 days.
For an effective compress from painful painBelow the knee, take 3 tablespoons. with a hill of yellow dandelion flowers, put them in a container and fill with 400 grams of vodka. Allow the drug to infuse for 3 days. Then do the daily compress. Wet a piece of cloth or gauze in the infusion and put on your feet. At the top of the lotion you need to wrap the damaged area with a food film and a warm scarf. Duration of the procedure is 1.5 hours. The course of procedures is 8 days. If there is no vodka, then it can be replaced with triple cologne. The effect of the procedure will not deteriorate. Such a compress can be kept all night.
If the feet are lower than the knee, you canapply medical bile. Mix 2 tbsp. bile, 2 tbsp. ammonia, 3 tbsp. olive (or vegetable) oil, 2 tbsp. honey and 3 tbsp. alcohol solution of iodine. Place all the ingredients in a container and mix thoroughly. Dampen the resulting medicine with a piece of tissue and make the lotions on your feet. Bandage them and warm them well. With such a compress it is best to walk all 24 hours. After completion of the procedure, remove the compress, wash the skin well and give yourself a rest during the day. Then repeat the procedure. Such a folk method works well for pain below the knee, helps restore blood circulation, removes swelling, prevents inflammation of the joints.
The duration of the course of treatment is 2 months. Painful sensations pass without a trace even with neglected forms of arthrosis.
Less known methods of treatment
Trays of healing injuries will help to get rid of pain
These folk methods of combating the painfulfeelings are less known, but still effective. If you have frequent pain under the knee from behind, then try Jerusalem artichoke. Its healing properties help to cope with inflammation of the joints. Take 2 tubers of this product and finely slice directly with the skin. Place the ingredient in a jar and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. Let the broth brew and wait for it to cool. Now it can be heated and added to the foot baths. Drink your feet every day, adding 2 tablespoons water. infusion. At the same time, moisten the cloth in the tincture and make the compresses on your feet. After you finish the procedure, wipe your knees dry and spread them with warming ointment. Well warm your feet and go to bed. You can repeat the procedure every day. If you have pain under the knee from behind, then compress is worth doing exactly there. Usually, 5-7 sessions are enough to relieve pain.
If you are constantly strongly numb legs, thenuse folk medicine. It can only be used externally. Take 1 tbsp. sea salt and dissolve in 1 liter of cold water. Place the solution in a jar and close it tightly. Now take 100 g of ammonia and 1 tsp. camphor alcohol. Stir the ingredients. Add the alcohol to the brine. In the infusion will appear white villi. Stir the mixture until these villi completely dissolve in the solution. Make compresses at night each day. Well warm your knees. If you adhere to this course of treatment for 21 days, then aching pain under the knee will pass.
If the patient experiences a long time severeaching joint pain. it is necessary to prepare an ointment that will help relieve pain. Take 1 tbsp. St. John's Wort and 2 tbsp. yarrow. Finely chop the ingredients. Heat 2 tbsp. Vaseline on a steam bath. Add the ground herbs to the mass and mix to a homogeneous consistency.
Rub the mass on your feet every night before going to bed. This ointment removes inflammation, swelling and painful sensations.
Tips for performing exercise therapy
If the patient often aching legs below the knee, thenhe is required to prescribe a course of therapeutic gymnastics. This is a set of exercises that you need to perform daily. But before you start training, you need to know certain rules. Before performing any exercise from the course, you need to consult a doctor. Perhaps some exercises you can not perform. And if you do them, the pain under the knee will only increase. It is advisable to perform the first time all exercises under the supervision of the instructor. He will tell you how to properly perform each element, and calculate the necessary load for you.
Do not overload the joints. Legs below the knees need to be strengthened, and not to injure even more. Make sure that the exercises are more dynamic, not static. If during the exercise you have a noel leg below the knee, do not perform this element. With time, gradually increase the load. If the pain under the knee from the back is not strongly felt, then increase the time of training. Try not to exercise in a bent position.
Try to increase the number ofseconds, which you spend in a certain position. This will help to significantly strengthen the muscles and joints below the knee. Try not to miss classes and perform every exercise.
If you engage in exercise therapy systematically, then aching pain under the knee behind will soon pass.
Exercises for pain in the legs
If the patient complains that his legs are below the kneesoften aching and aching, then this exercise must be performed first. Lie on your stomach, straighten your legs and arms. Raise the straight leg to a height of 20 cm from the floor. Hold it up for 35-50 seconds. Then slowly lower your leg. Repeat the exercise 5 times.
Legs will stop whining if you perform such aelement. Lie down on the floor, keep your right foot flat, and bend the left leg in the knee. Should get an angle of 90 °. Raise the bent leg to 8-10 cm, keep it in the air for 35 seconds. Slowly lower your foot to the floor and straighten your knee. Repeat the exercise with the other leg.
The next element is suitable for patients whoalready have experience in therapeutic gymnastics. Lie on your back and tear off the flat feet from the floor to a height of 15 cm. Hold them in this position for 3-5 seconds and slowly start to plant them. Hold your legs in the final position for another 3 seconds. Now you can slowly bring them back and return to their original position.
Move to the left side and bend the left leg inthe knee. Raise the bent leg 45 ° and hold it in the air for 35 seconds. After that, go back to the starting position and relax. Repeat the exercise 3 times. Then turn over to the other side and repeat the same manipulations with the other leg. The load must be uniform and identical. Hold your foot at the same height and keep the air in the air at the same time.
If your legs often ache under the knees, thentry the next exercise. Sit on a chair. Hold one leg bent at the knee, and slowly straighten the other and raise parallel to the floor. Now, use the hip joint and lift the leg slightly higher. Hold in this position for 1 minute. Return to the starting position gradually. First bring your foot to a position parallel to the floor, then gently lower it.
Stand up straight and lean slightly on the table orchair. Slowly rise on the socks and lock in this position for 60 seconds. Slowly and gently return to the starting position. You can make such an element differently. Adhering to the back of the chair, rise to your toes smoothly and slowly, only now freeze for 2-3 seconds. Repeat the exercise 12 times.
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