Leg edema by lymphatic type
Lymphatic swelling of the legs is one of thevarieties of edema that can develop in humans under certain conditions. If in general terms to try to explain such a concept as foot swelling (as such) using medical terminology, it can be defined as an increase in the volume of the lower extremities due to excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues.
Types of lymphatic edema of the legs - the main classification
In accordance with the modern classification,distinguish the primary lymphatic edema of the legs and the secondary, that is, acquired, which develops with inflammation of the extremities. Edema of this type is most widespread in cancer diseases.
If the swelling of the legs was detected for the first time after 30 yearshuman life, he falls under the category of "late" - this is the most common variant of all known modern medicine. In this case, only one leg is affected at first (most often only moderately). After this, swelling of both legs follows, and, as a rule, the swelling of one leg is much more pronounced than the other. The development of late edema, as a rule, occurs when there is an infection or dystrophic changes. Edema of this kind is usually accompanied by severe pain.
Between swollen and non-swollen parts of the limbit is enough just to reveal a clear line. At a later stage, the disease spreads to the knee joints and even to the puarth ligament. In the early stages of the disease, edema may disappear for several years. It is worth noting that usually the above edema refers to the area of purulent surgery, if they are accompanied by an increase in regional lymph nodes.
The process of accumulation of excess lymphoccurs slowly enough: the paralytic swelling of the legs becomes noticeable only after a few years. But in any case, this process leads to a violation of the lymph drainage and even the entire blood supply system as a whole.
Lymphatic swelling of the legs, lymphedema, or lymphostasislower limbs, - a disease that is characterized by a significant increase in the volume of the lower limbs, which develops due to swelling of the tissues.
Pathology is diagnosed in 10% of people, mostly in women.
Lymphatic swelling of the legs can be:
- primary - the consequence of congenital diseases;
- secondary - occurs with the development of inflammatory processes in the limbs, often accompanies the formation of malignant tumors.
Also distinguish "late" edema, which is a fairly common form of the disease. To this category there are cases when pathology is first detected in a person over 30 years of age.
The swelling of the legs develops due to the disturbance of the lymph drainage resulting in excessive fluid content in the tissues.
The cause of failure can be:
- weak blood circulation;
- sedentary lifestyle (especially often lymphedema is diagnosed in bedridden patients);
- chronic venous insufficiency;
- kidney disease;
- pulmonary edema;
- heart failure;
- allergic reactions;
- injuries affecting the vessels;
- malignant neoplasms in the lymphatic system;
- oncology of the prostate;
- surgical treatment, especially mastectomy;
- radiation therapy.
A combination of several causes is often encountered.
The cause of "late" swelling is usually the dystrophic changes occurring in the limbs, or infectious diseases.
Stages of development Excessive accumulation of lymph is a long process. It is very slow. At the same time, the lymph drainage and even the entire blood supply system is disturbed.
There are 3 stages in the development of lymphedema:</ h4>
- The first, or easy - in the evenings there isswelling of the legs, which passes by morning. Possible swelling of the lower limbs after a long stay in a stationary state or excessive physical exertion. If the disease is at an early stage, then it can disappear for a long time and again manifest itself after a few years.
- The second, or medium severity, - swelling does not disappeareven after rest, the skin becomes denser and becomes strained, the pain syndrome develops. If you press your finger on the edematous area, there remains a trace for a long time.
- The third, or severe, - failures in the lymphatic drainagebecome irreversible, there are fibro-cystic changes. In later stages, pathology captures the knee joints and even puarth ligament. It is possible to increase regional lymph nodes. In especially severe cases, elephantiasis and lymphosarcoma occur. With the development of sepsis, a lethal outcome is possible.
With "late" edema, a moderatedefeat of one limb. Over time, the disease spreads to the second limb. In most cases, the swelling of one leg is noticeable much better than the second.
Lymphostasis of the lower extremities is accompanied by:
- painful sensations;
- persistent edema;
- change in the appearance of the skin;
- the instant appearance of edema after the use of fluid;
- skin itching;
- general weakness;
- rapid fatigue.
In the absence of timely and adequate treatment, it is possible to develop fibredema (irreversible edema) and elephantiasis (proliferation of fibrous tissue) leading to disability.
Completely get rid of pathology is impossible. But it is quite possible to slow down further progression of the disease.
In most cases, a conservative treatment is prescribed:</ h4>
- drug therapy;
- foot and lower leg massage;
- wearing a bandage or medical underwear;
- occupations of therapeutic and prophylactic physical culture.
Drug treatment involves the appointment of:
- phlebotonics, which have lymphotropic effect;
- immunostimulating drugs;
- hardware lymphatic drainage;
- laser therapy.
In particularly severe cases, surgical intervention is required. If the regional lymph nodes increase with edema, then the patient is treated in the department of purulent surgery.
Pneumomasser - effective help against disease
Effective action in the fight against lymphostasis of the lower extremities will be pneumomasser. You can order the device on our website.
The cost of a pneumomasser is affected by its type andequipment. For example, for the device, which includes a control unit and one cuff for the leg, you will have to pay from 38 to 53 thousand rubles. The price can vary depending on the power of the device, the maximum pressure, the presence of a pressure sensor, the ability to adjust the pressure in a separate section of the cuff.
We suggest you buy a pneumomasser and solve the problem of lymphatic swelling of the legs!
You can make an order directly on the site,filling in the order form. The cost of a pneumomasser depends on its type and configuration. For example, a kit consisting of a control unit + 1 cuff "leg" will cost 38 000r. 43 000 rub. or 53 000 rub. depending on the version (the maximum pressure of the pneumomasser, the presence of a pressure sensor, the possibility of independent adjustment of the pressure in a particular section of the cuff, power consumption, etc.) - see the full list of characteristics of each version of the pneuma massager "Lymph-E".
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