Edema after installation of a dental implant
Implantation of teeth is a complicated surgicala process that requires a lot of experience and responsibility from the doctor who carries out the implant installation operation. But the patient also has his "duties", which can not be forgotten if you want to minimize the risk of postoperative complications, in particular, non-implantation or rejection of the implant.
Overall, the success of implant treatmentis 95-99%, i.e. for every thousand installed implants, there are 5 to 20 cases in which the implant for some reason does not take root or is rejected by the body. It should be noted that it is very difficult to get into these percentages, and in the vast majority of cases the installation of dental implants goes without complications. The decisive role here is played by the qualification of the doctor, the material from which the implant was made, the presence of concomitant diseases in the patient (for example, the risk of rejection increases with severe forms of diabetes mellitus) and a general treatment plan.
In the dental clinic Implant.ru »Nizhny Novgorod» great attention is paid to the continuous improvement of the professional level of employees, participation in thematic exhibitions, conferences, seminars, additional education. We cooperate with leading Russian specialists in the field of implantology, therefore, by contacting the Implant.ru clinic you can be fully confident in the qualifications of the specialist who will perform the operation and as the materials used.
But despite this, the installation of dentalimplants remains a complex, multi-stage procedure involving surgical intervention, accompanied by incisions and sutures, traumatizing the oral mucosa and bone tissue. Therefore, it is very important to study the treatment plan that the doctor will appoint to you, and strictly observe all prescriptions in the early (1-3 days) and late (2-3 weeks) postoperative period.
The two main directions of postoperative therapy are:
- an obstacle to infection in the field of the operating field (sutures);
- acceleration of the healing process and regeneration after the intervention.
After the installation of a dental implant are possible
- swelling of the soft tissues of the face of varying severity;
- bruises and bruises. They can appear on the second-third day and pass for a week;
- aching pain in the area where the implant is installed (1-3 days);
- a drained discharge from a wound (saliva with an admixture of blood).
These manifestations are normal, they indicate that the healing process is normal.
However, complications are also possible. Disturbing symptoms that require immediate medical attention are:
- intensive bleeding;
- sharp, aggravated pain, not stopping analgesics;
- divergence of the edges of the wound;
- a pronounced unpleasant odor, the edges of the wound are covered with a grayish coating;
- increased body temperature, worsening of the general condition.
Again, the risk of developing complications with the recommendations of a doctor is extremely low, but who is forewarned is armed.
And now let's get acquainted with the "list of prescriptions" and we will dwell in more detail on each drug that a doctor can prescribe for you.
GENERAL THERAPY AFTER IMPLANTATION OF TEETH
1. Antibacterial therapy + probiotic.
Flemoklava solutab (500 mg) or its analogues (Amoxiclav, Augmentin) - 1 tablet 3 times a day, for 5-7 days.
In the dental clinic Implant.(implant installation with one-stage tooth removal, implant installation with sinus-lifting, plastics with autostick block, using a bone substitute, etc.) are carried out in Nizhny Novgorod. This allows for one surgical procedure to conduct all operations that would have taken several weeks or even months. No doubt, it is convenient for the patient, as it allows to significantly shorten the duration of treatment and minimize discomfort. But at the same time (due to the volume of surgical interventions), the risk of developing infectious complications increases. That's why the doctor prescribes an antibiotic. You need to take it according to the instructions at a certain time.
Treatment with antibiotics is accompanied by a changemicroflora of the gastrointestinal tract, which can lead to the development of dysbiosis (metabolic disorders, candidiasis, fungal infections), therefore simultaneously with the antimicrobial drug the doctor will write out the probiotic preparation.
Lineks - 2 capsules 3 times a day for two weeks;
Antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Erius - One tablet at night for three days;
Promotes the reduction (or complete absence) of the inflammatory process after implantation. Unlike the drugs of the previous generation (suprastin, tavegil) does not cause drowsiness.
Voltaren (nurofen, ibuprofen) - 1 tablet 1-2 times a day for three days.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug). helps reduce puffiness and reduce inflammation after surgery.
Ascorbic acid - 200-500 mg per day for a month.
Multivitamin Complex - 1 tablet 3 times a day.
They promote the regulation of metabolism and help the body to recover more quickly after the surgery.
Calcium preparations - within a month after the operation.
Calcium is the main component of bone tissue,which is injured during the implant installation. To quickly regenerate the bone in the postoperative period, calcium is prescribed. Also, calcium is well absorbed from yogurt, cottage cheese, fermented milk products, sour cream. Therefore, within a month after the operation, doctors recommend introducing as many of these products into the diet as possible.
Ketanov - One tablet under the tongue with pain with an interval of 12 hours.
The majority of the patients of the Implant.ru clinic do not experience severe pain in the postoperative period, and in the remaining cases, the Ketas successfully cope with the pain.
LOCAL THERAPY AFTER IMPLANTATION OF TEETH
Cold. Apply ice or any frozen productto the place of surgical intervention (of course, outside, not directly to the site of the incision). To avoid frostbite, follow the "20 minutes cold-20 minute break" scheme. Cold apply on the day of the operation and until half the next day, to reduce pain and prevent bleeding.
Tantum Verde solution (not to be confused with Tantum Verde spray) - a bath, 3-4 times a day, and after each meal. From the first day until the removal of stitches.
This is a very important stage of oral hygiene inpostoperative period. The edges of the wound and seams should always be clean to prevent infection. Unlike other antiseptic solutions, Tantum Verde does not slow the epithelialization, which is necessary after the operation. Studies have shown that the components that make up Tantoum Verde successfully fight microbes without interfering with the healing process.
It should be mentioned one commona mistake made by patients. Remember, you can not rinse your mouth in the first days after the operation! It is enough to dial into the mouth 1 cap solution, hold for 1-2 minutes and spit.
Solcoseryl (dental adhesive paste) - abundantly lubricate the area of the joints after the baths with Tantum Verde.
In some cases, to speed up epithelialization, the doctor may recommend applying this paste to the joint area for 24 hours.
Brushing teeth in the wound area should not be a brush, but a cotton swab dipped in 3% of the hydrogen peroxide solution. The remaining teeth should be cleaned as usual.
If the implantation of the tooth was accompanied by surgerysine-lifting, the doctor will additionally prescribe vasoconstrictor drops to reduce the internal swelling of the Schneider membrane at the site of surgery. Also, after several weeks of sinus lifting, you can not actively blow your nose, sneeze and cough, as any tension in the ear-throat-nose system leads to an increase in pressure in the maxillary sinuses, which can adversely affect the result of treatment (up to the rupture of the membrane). To conduct a morning toilet should also be done with care, gently removing the nasal discharge from the nose with a handkerchief or napkin.
In the postoperative period (within twoweeks) should avoid active physical activity, exercise, long bicycle rides, stressful situations. It is necessary to cancel fitness classes, sports training, not to visit the pool, sauna or sauna. If possible, should not be assigned for this period of air travel, and even on high floors of buildings it is better to climb not on foot, but on an elevator. This is done in order to avoid a sharp surge of blood to the head, which can provoke the development of uncontrolled edema.
It is necessary to provide physically, chemically anda thermally sparing regimen for the area where surgery was performed. Therefore, the food should be warm and chopped (or semi-liquid). Contraindicated alcohol, smoking, sharp, hot food.
On the 10th day (sometimes later, depending on the condition of the wound and the speed of tissue regeneration), the doctor removes the seams. In a few days thereafter, you will be able to return to the usual mode of life.