Bruising foot swelling what to do
In everyday life a person very often receivesbruises of different parts of the body, especially the lower and upper extremities. This is due to the fact that our hands and feet are involved in virtually all vital processes and performing different functions. One of the most common injuries is considered to be a foot injury, which involves closed damage to soft tissues without a significant disruption of their integrity.
It is on the feet that one of the most importantfunctions - musculoskeletal and they receive daily significant loads in the form of the mass of our body. No one is insured against this trauma, and you can get it in the most unexpected place at any time. Often, this trauma means damage to certain parts of the foot: feet. ankle. hip or knee.
Causes of bruises of the lower limbs can becomea banal fall, especially when it comes to children or people doing sports at a professional level. Also common causes of a foot injury is a collision with any hard objects or traffic accidents.
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Symptoms and signs of injury
Patients who have received a strong leg injury, most often indicate the following symptoms:
- strong characteristic for almost all bruises pain in the injured place of the foot, not giving any movement;
- the formation of swelling in the site of exposure, which over time can increase and develop into a serious swelling;
- subcutaneous hemorrhage into soft tissues as a result of damage to the blood vessels;
- formation of hemarthrosis - intra-articular accumulation of blood (most often occurs with a knee injury);
- violation of the functions of the affected joints;
- difficulties with the movement and support of an injured leg;
- in especially severe cases, pain in the periosteum, and sometimes even exfoliation or damage to the bones, can be observed.
If we take into account the described characteristics, thenwe can conclude that a bruise has been received. Symptoms can have varying degrees of severity and intensity. First of all, this is due to the severity of the injury, but the individual characteristics of the affected person's body play an important role.
Emergency First Aid
First aid for a foot injury involves carrying out not complex activities that almost everyone can do. The algorithm for bruising is as follows:
- we provide the victim complete peace,it is also desirable to take a horizontal position, in which the injured leg should be given a slightly elevated state. This will reduce the flow of blood to the sore spot and thereby reduce the edema and hematoma formed;
- impose a tight bandage on the injured placeso as to ensure a normal circulation of blood in the injured limb. Especially this manipulation is appropriate if there are suspicions of a leg dislocation;
- if the injured leg has skin lesions in the form of abrasions or scratches, it is necessary to carry out their disinfecting treatment and seal with a bactericidal plaster;
- we work on the place of injury coldcompresses, which is perfect for ice cubes from the refrigerator, wrapped in cellophane and a towel, an ordinary plastic bottle with cold water or a cooling ointment;
- with a significant pain syndrome with bruises can be offered to the injured to take any analgesic, for example, analgin.
If the primary symptoms after self-sustained care did not decrease or, on the contrary, more intense clinical manifestations of the affected must be taken to the emergency room. To make an accurate diagnosis is necessary to exclude serious injuries, for example, fracture of the leg.
In this situation, the first unqualifiedthe help rendered independently, will not give any positive results, and also can aggravate the situation of the patient, complicate further treatment and cause deplorable consequences for the patient.
It is very important in this situation to also find out whether the joints have suffered, and to establish the integrity of the ligaments. In such cases, treatment will be much longer and more serious.
An experienced surgeon or traumatologist will be able tomanifestations and complaints of the patient to establish a diagnosis. Also, by the type of edema and hematoma, it is possible to ascertain the prescription of the resulting injury. A large and blurry swelling surface will indicate that the injury was received a few days ago. As for the hematoma, the newly acquired bruise will have a blue-red hue. Blue-yellow bruises will indicate the duration of the injury - about 3-4 days, and yellow - 5-6 days.
If confirmation of the diagnosis is required, a specialistwill refer the patient to radiography, computer diagnostics or MRI. So it is possible to pass various heavy consequences, connected with fractures of bones and ruptures of ligaments.
Treatment of a foot after a bruise
In the first day after the injuryIt is recommended that cold exposure to the injured leg area be affected. Then the cold is no longer needed. The tactics of further treatment will be replaced by an effect of tempo. It can be dry or wet warm compresses, warm baths, lotions. These procedures will best promote resorption of the edema and hematoma and help prevent undesirable consequences.
An effective pain relief plasters have proven effective in the treatment of bruises.
It is not recommended for foot injuries to rub the sore spot. Such manipulations can provoke thrombophlebitis - quite a serious disease associated with clotting of veins with blood clots.
Bruising of the foot with medium and heavy characterit is recommended to treat with the help of physical therapy sessions. The doctor can prescribe electrophoresis using various therapeutic solutions, UHF and others. These procedures will help to resolve the hematoma and edema without the formation of seals, ossifications and salt deposits in their place.
Excellent proved after removing acuteperiod anti-inflammatory ointments and gels. Today, pharmacies offer such medicines as diclac, ibuprofen ointment or voltaren. In addition, excellent edema reduction and dilution of blood at the site of hematoma formation, lithot-gel, troxevasin or heparin gel. These funds are recommended to rub lightly into the injured place 2-3 times a day.
An excellent and proven in practice people'smeans for bruises are vodka and semi-alcohol compresses. They moistened the cut of gauze and applied to the site of the bruise 2 times a day, covered with polyethylene and a towel.
Operative intervention in some cases is also justified. Its necessity ripens with such damages:
- sprain of the ligament. which is accompanied by their ruptures or detachments from the attachment point;
- formation of intra-articular hemorrhage;
- damage to nerve endings;
- a festering bruise, etc.
When the ligaments are ruptured by surgery,their stitching. A similar process is performed when nerve endings are damaged. As for the intra-articular hemorrhage, then with the help of a gentle method of operative action - arthroscopy - blood clots are removed from the joint cavity. In this case, various medications can be injected into the joint.
The bruised bruises are also opened in a hospital, since pathological bacteria that multiply can cause bacterial and inflammatory infections.
It is strictly forbidden to load an injured leg. You can do this only very carefully and gradually at least 3 days later. Ideally, it will be sparing for about a week.
Possible consequences and prognosis
In injuries related to a knee injury,there may be damage to the ligaments of the joint or tearing of the meniscus. Among other things, intra-articular hemorrhage is possible. Subsequently, all this can affect the development of deforming joint pathologies.
However, in almost all cases, if more serious injuries are eliminated in a timely manner and treatment therapy begins, one can expect a favorable prognosis.