Edema of the mastoid process
Mastoid process - anatomical constructiontemporal region in the form of an inverted cone, topographically located downstream of the ear. A sternoclavicular mastoid muscle is attached to it. In the bone structure, there is usually a predominant one type of bone-cellular tissue containing air, a diploid (spongy) or a mixed type. If the bone is solid without these kinds of cells, then we can talk about sclerosing the structure due to a long chronic middle ear disease. Inside the appendage there is a sufficiently large cell connected by its cavity with the middle ear.
The pathology of the mastoid process is expressed inlong infectious inflammation, beginning in the middle ear. As a result of purulent otitis and the spread of inflammatory edema with complication, mastoiditis begins. which happens very often with a pneumatic cellular structure of the bone. In the second stage of acute otitis media, an abscess develops, which, upon breakthrough, forms a leak in the ear to the neck and the lower part of the skull.
Complications in violation of the integrity of bonepartitions of the mastoid process are possible in the form of a transition of inflammation to the meninges. In order to prevent the development of severe pathologies, differential diagnosis and adequate treatment are necessary. Diagnostic measures consist in the detailed collection of anamnesis, projection radiography of the temporal bones of the skull, puncture, if necessary.
Treatment of mastoiditis is conservativemethod using antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs. In especially severe cases, surgical intervention is performed. It is obligatory to conduct physiotherapy after the main therapeutic period.