What the swelling of the legs says
Published on 01/16/2013 | Author Vinnikov AA
All of us repeatedly noticed that at the place of injuryor a bruise is formed swelling, often fatigue swells in the evening in the evening, with lack of sleep, the face swells. However, few know that swelling can signal serious illness.
The causes of edema formation can be:
1) Increased permeability of the vessel membrane;
2) Reduced protein and electrolyte levels in the blood. It is observed when the kidneys, liver and long-term starvation are disturbed;
3) Violation of the valve veins. Venous blood does not move at the right speed and in sufficient quantity to the heart, blood stagnation occurs, surpluses of water go beyond the vessels;
4) Impaired lymph drainage due to trauma or lymphatic vessel damage;
5) Disturbance of the heart.
It is lymphatic edema that is formed as a result of trauma. The cellulite, which is hated by all women, is nothing but the stagnation of lymph in the tissues.
When nerve fibers are damaged, neurogenic edema is formed, as the vessels receive incorrect information about the permeability of the vascular wall.
In case of inflammation, allergic reaction, trauma in tissues, osmotic-active substances accumulate, which, as it were, "suck" the liquid out of the vessels.
In addition, you should know that swelling can be not only a symptom, but also a consequence of the disease.
Renal edema is most often localized on the face, the skin is pale. Often these swelling are loose, long-lasting traces of depression. For kidney edema it is characteristic to form in the morning and fall off by evening.
Cardiac edema is localized on the abdomen, groin, legs. Often accompanied by shortness of breath, cyanosis of the lips, often the skin turns blue on the fingers and toes, cervical veins swell. As a rule, they intensify towards evening.
With the pathology of the veins, edema on the legs is observed, accompanied by soreness, a feeling of heaviness. The veins of the legs swell, possibly reddening of the feet. Such swelling may appear throughout the day.
Hepatic edema is ascites. Often accompanied by the formation of vascular asterisks on the skin of the abdomen, itching. The skin acquires a yellow tint.
Lymphostasis can appear on any part of the body, more characteristic of the limbs. The main difference between lymphostasis and edema is that the depression does not form a fossa.
On the expressed arthritis speaks puffiness in the field of joints.
Allergic edema can be localized toa separate site, in those places where the contact of the skin or mucous membrane with the allergen occurred. In the event that the whole organism is involved in the allergic reaction, the entire body swells. The most famous allergic edema is Quincke's edema, in which the face, lips, and neck swell. The danger of the swelling of the Quincke is that asphyxia and respiratory arrest are possible. Allergic swelling is often accompanied by itching and rash on the skin. During an allergic reaction, the body produces histamine and serotonin, which increase the permeability of the capillaries and leads to edema. The most dangerous among allergic edema are edema of internal organs, which can lead to disability and even death. Lungs can swell as a result of an allergic reaction, and with serious pathologies of the heart, severe pneumonia, trauma. With pulmonary edema, emergency hospitalization is indicated. Signs of pulmonary edema are shortness of breath, foam from the mouth, cough with foam, breathing becomes noisy and wheezing.
It should be remembered that edema can occurabsolutely healthy people. For example, with incorrectly selected shoes at too high a heel by the evening, women are swelling. With excessive intake of salt and liquid, the face swells in the morning. In hot weather, swelling is also formed.
Edema during pregnancy deserve a separate conversation. Since there may be a sign of a serious pregnancy pathology.
With swelling of any site, whichformed for no apparent reason, should consult a doctor. Do not self-diagnose and self-medicate. Only a specialist can appoint competent treatment.