Severe swelling in the legs during pregnancy

Virtually all women during pregnancyface a problem such as swelling. According to some reports, from 50 to 80% of healthy pregnant women suffer from this ailment. At someone they not strong, and other doctors forbid to drink more norm or rate.

In the early stages of pregnancy, swelling occursrarely. But after the third month the woman starts to notice that the skin becomes less elastic and more friable, and then the limbs and the entire body swell. As a rule, everything starts from the feet.

How to identify and recognize

If you can not visually identify the presence of edema, then you can test them in another way - Push your finger on the front of your lower leg. near the bone. If there is a hole after the pressure, then you have problems. If there are no holes, then everything is in order.

Also about the symptom of the onset of edema may be a sharp addition of the weight of a pregnant woman.

The weight of the pregnant woman, of course, should grow, but this should be gradual. For this purpose the doctor at each reception weighs the pregnant woman and monitors her condition.

If your legs become swollen, then it's timemonitor the amount of fluid used. If you notice swelling of the hands and face, then you should consult a doctor, because it indicates a strong change in the body.

Puffiness, as a rule, ranges from 10 to 30 percent of body weight. However, in severe cases, it can reach 50%.

The degree of puffiness is estimated on a scale of one to four. Classification depends on how deep the fossa is formed when pressed and how long it remains after the touch is completed.

  1. 0-2 mm: a small depression, without strong distortion, disappears almost instantly;
  2. 2-4 mm: fovea slightly deeper, but the indentations are not very noticeable, disappears within 10-25 seconds;
  3. 4-6 mm: a deep enough pit, can last more than a minute, the limbs look swollen and full;
  4. 6-8 mm: very deep fossa, not falling off within 2-5 minutes, limbs very swollen.

Puffiness in pregnant women is due to the fact that your body keeps more fluid than usual.

  • Excessive burden on the kidneys. the excretory system of a pregnant woman simply can not cope with the increased burden, because it must satisfy the needs not only of the mother, but also of the child;
  • Increasing size of the uterus squeezes the vessels of the small pelvis, thereby worsening the blood supply of the lower extremities.

While your baby is growing, the uterus presses on the vessels in the pelvic region. Especially it affects the inferior vena cava, which leads to blood from the lower limbs, blood circulation worsens.

Increased pressure in the pelvic area causesWater falls down and linger in the tissues of the feet and ankles. This water is usually easily absorbed by the body, but the kidneys of a pregnant woman can not cope with the load, resulting in edema of the legs.

Physiological edema of the body causes sodium - it delays water. Sodium is evenly accumulated in all tissues, however, there are women who slope to severe water retention and sodium.

Increase puffiness can eat foods. First of all, they include any salty foods. fish and marinades.

These foods should be consumed in strictly limited quantities.

Swelling also causes physical stress. But you need to know that this kind of edema is the norm, and they appear in almost all women.

Another type of edema is pathological. They can have both insignificant character, and testify about serious diseases of kidneys.

Pathological edema can have bothinsignificant character, and to testify about serious diseases of kidneys. They usually pass after excluding the reasons for their appearance, as well as with the observance of bed rest in the supine position on the left side. With this position, the urinary system works faster, and urea does not stay in the body.

Drinking water: the risk of illness for the mother and fetus

If the puffiness does not subside and has a persistent character, then this may indicate a disease such as dropsy. However, do not be afraid in advance, because this disease is rare.

Signs of dropsy is increase in body weight immediately by twenty and more kilograms. strong swelling of the whole body, a woman is hard to move, her face is also swollen.

With the initial manifestation of dropsy, the fetus does not suffer. But if the disease is not treated in a timely manner, then it can be detrimental to the health of the child. Therefore, it is necessary to take timely measures - at the first signs of swelling it is necessary to tell your doctor about it.

Than edemas are dangerous: possible consequences

Edema is a fairly common occurrence for futuremothers. According to statistics, more than half of all parturients faced this problem. And, probably, because of the edema of the legs and hands in pregnant women known to all doctors and most future mothers, many girls are in no hurry to treat them. And in vain!

Despite the fact that in the initial stages of edema notare dangerous for either the mother or the child, it is worth remembering that in more severe cases they cause increased blood pressure, convulsions and loss of consciousness. And in the worst case may even end with oxygen starvation of the fetus or eclampsia.

In addition, they lead to gestosis, which cannegatively affect the eyesight of the baby, the condition of his skin and lead to problems of the nervous system. Therefore, do not rely on the case - even if the edema seems to have passed without a trace, this does not mean that their consequences will not emerge in the future. So do not delay with treatment.

How to Avoid Appearance: Basic Rules

To subsequently not treat swelling, try to minimize the possibility of their occurrence.

The main and main rule - be sure to see a doctor. Only he can properly monitor the mass of your body and, if necessary, take the necessary measures as soon as possible.

The second rule is to consume no more than two liters of liquid per day. Moreover, these two liters include the first dishes.

Also, one should not eat salty foods in largequantity, try to limit the use of tea and coffee, and reduce the consumption of products containing sodium. First of all, they include fish, pickled cucumbers and black bread.

And the last rule is not to worry. Even if you have severe swelling, then you have to fight it, and do not be nervous. After all, the emotional state of a woman is very important. If your mother is nervous, then the child is also nervous, so try to be constantly in emotional and mental balance. Always think about the good, and listen to the doctor's advice - and everything will be fine!

How to remove and reduce puffiness without risk to the fetus

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  • Relax your legs at the first opportunity, thiswill be useful for blood circulation. On sedentary work, keep them stretched out on a special footrest (low padded stool or stool). Try home at home lie on the left side. since this relieves stress in the inferior vena cava or keep the legs in an elevated position.
  • Try not to stand for a long time. You should take regular breaks to relieve tension from the lower limbs.
  • Wear tights for pregnant women or compression stockings, thanks to this blood will not accumulate around the ankles.
  • Regularly train the legs controlled by the load: walking, swimming or an exercise bike.
  • If your skin is not tightly strapped, ask your husband or yourself to massage your ankles, shins and feet. The main movements should be grinding in the direction from the foot to the knee. This will help to drive the water away from the ankles.
  • Limit fluid intake.
  • Take a bath at a temperature of about 35-36 degrees, this will improve blood circulation.
  • If the swelling is strong, then you should holda special diet in which, in addition to reducing the consumption of liquid and salty foods, it is necessary to take diuretics, which only a doctor can prescribe.
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    There are sets of folk recipes for diureticsfrom various herbs, infusions and berries, allowing to clean swelling during pregnancy. But only your attending physician will be able to advise the medicine necessary in a particular case. Therefore, once again I would like to recall the main rule - do not self-medicate. at the first symptoms of swelling it is worth to see a doctor!

    Remember that swelling, although it causes severe discomfort, is only temporary. Like any other problems during pregnancy, they must pass after the birth of your baby.

    In conclusion, we advise you to watch a video in which you will hear general theses about the causes of and on the removal of swelling in pregnancy and consolidate the knowledge.