Swelling of the feet with liver disease
Edema is the medical term for swelling. It is the body's reaction to inflammation or damage. Edema is local, that is, they are located on any part of the body, or they can spread throughout the body of a person.
Edema, this is a natural edema of the human body oninjury or inflammation. For example, a skin infectious disease, a bee sting, a subluxation of the ankle, this all leads to the appearance of edema of the affected area. The increase in the number of white blood cells in many cases occurs with a large inflow of fluid from the blood vessels to the area of infection. Also, edema can appear as a result of a disturbance in the balance of substances or disease.
-Hypoalbuminemia: Albumin and other proteins in the blood act as sponges, to preserve fluid in the blood vessels. Low albumin leads to edema.
-Allergic reaction. In most allergic reactions, swelling is common. The body in response to an allergic effect allows the fluid to penetrate into the affected area.
-Closing of vessels. If the outflow of fluid from the body parts is blocked, it accumulates in the tissues. Blood clots in the deep veins of the legs can lead to swelling of the lower extremities. A lymphatic tumor can lead to blockage of blood flow, which causes swelling in the affected areas.
-Meditary diseases. Infections, extensive burns, or other serious illnesses can lead to fluid leakage into all tissues. As a result of this condition, the entire body swells.
- Heart disease and swelling. When the heart stops efficiently pumping blood, the fluid begins to accumulate, which creates swelling of the legs. If fluid accumulates quickly, then pulmonary edema develops.
-Edema in liver disease. Such liver diseases as cirrhosis lead to an increase in fluid retention. Also cirrhosis of the liver can lead to a decrease in albumin in the blood.
-Diseases of the kidneys and edema. The pathological state of the kidney, called nephrotic syndrome, can lead to a serious enough swelling of the legs, and in some cases even the entire body.
-Others during pregnancy. Due to increased blood volume during pregnancy and pressure from the uterus, the legs may swell. But complications such as preeclampsia and deep vein thrombosis can cause swelling.
-The brain drain can be caused by a lowthe content of sodium in the blood, head trauma, blockage of the drainage system of the brain. Confusion, headaches, coma, or loss of consciousness are symptoms of brain edema.
Symptoms will depend on the number andthe affected part of the body. Swelling in a small area with inflammation or infection may not cause symptoms at all. Major allergic reactions can lead to edema that affects the upper limbs, or other parts of the body, depending on the location of the lesion. Symptoms in this case will be: limited mobility, pain and tense skin. Food allergies cause swelling of the throat or tongue, which can endanger life due to airway obstruction. Swelling of the legs can lead to an increase in the size of the limb. Severe forms of edema of the legs can lead to clamping of the blood vessels, which leads to the appearance of trophic ulcers. Pulmonary edema causes shortness of breath, difficulty breathing. With pulmonary edema, a cough with foamy sputum is sometimes observed.
For example, if swelling appeared due to allergicreaction, it is necessary to use corticosteroids and antihistamines. Foot edema caused by cardiovascular failure or liver disease is treated with furosemide and diuretics.