Polyhydramnios and swelling of the legs

For every woman, pregnancy is a sacrament,which is sometimes overshadowed by various indicators that go beyond the concept of "norm". Most often this is a rather blurry concept that has a significant gap, but sometimes it also happens that even the smallest deviation can indicate problems in the health of a future mother or her baby. The norm of the amniotic fluid index also has fuzzy boundaries, but it is these data that may indicate the low water level or polyhydramnios.

weeks of pregnancy Value of IJA: mm

What is amniotic fluid, water retention and polyhydramnios

As you know, the baby is the mother's entire pregnancyis in a peculiar bag - an amniotic fluid that is filled with fluid - amniotic or amniotic. Throughout pregnancy, the fetus is safe, since the liquid and the bubble securely protect it and protect it. When the time of childbirth arrives, the amniotic fluid bursts, and the woman "leaves the water" - this is the same amniotic fluid. The development of the child in the womb is spasmodic: there are periods when it grows very intensively, and there are weeks when growth slows down a little.

The amniotic fluid performs three main functions:

  1. Protection from infection.
  2. Protection against external damage.
  3. Assistance in the development of two important systems: respiratory and digestive.

Such a complex phrase asthe amniotic fluid index only means the amount of amniotic fluid currently in pregnancy. If the index is much lower than the normal value, the gynecologist diagnoses "low water", and if higher, then "polyhydramnios".

Such a deviation, as the lack of water canto provoke as various ailments of the woman, and any separate pathologies in development of the kid. The causes of polyhydramnios can be infectious diseases of the mother, Rh-conflict or fetal anomalies. Regardless of the diagnosis, a woman should be observed by a doctor, undergo various additional studies and be sure to undergo the appropriate recommended treatment.

The amniotic fluid is the first habitatbaby, so for the normal development of your child, both quantity and composition are important. It is the optimal amount of amniotic fluid that indicates that the fetus develops according to the norms, there is no threat to his life.

In order to determine the volume of amniotic waters,a woman needs to undergo ultrasound. For each pregnancy period, there is an own index, according to which the doctor looks at how pregnancy is going on. Just as the composition of amniotic fluid changes literally every week, so does their number. In addition to the average, there is a rather large difference in the possible fluctuations of this index. Note that the possible fluctuations are very large, therefore, if your indicator is far from normal, this does not mean that you have to worry and be nervous.