Cerebral edema symptoms and treatment
Cerebral edema - the accumulation of excessivethe amount of fluid in the brain tissues. It always happens accompanied by high intracranial pressure and there is a response to irritation in the form of infection, intoxication, head trauma. With edema of the brain, you need to act immediately, because every gift spent a minute can cause the death of the patient. And intracranial pressure disrupts blood circulation in the brain and leads to the death of its cells (about the swelling of the brain treatment read on).
Tumor of the brain, trauma of the skull, intracranial hemorrhage, infectious diseases - causes of cerebral edema.
When the tumor cells expand, they begin to press on healthy brain cells - this causes its swelling.
Infectious diseases such as encephalitis, meningitis, toxoplasmosis and subdural empyema can cause brain edema.
Also, cerebral edema is possible in newborns - as a consequence of birth trauma. Predispose and the diseases that hurt the mother during pregnancy.
Without any trauma, the puffiness of the brain is possible with climbers. It arises from the pressure drop, especially when climbing to a height of more than one thousand five hundred meters above sea level.
Cerebral edema treatment
Conditionally, cerebral edema can be divided intothe one caused by a slight concussion and another cause, the appearance of which can be called excessive loads or infections. The second cure is not so easy; the first develops quickly, but also quickly disappears if it reacts in time - for example, to apply ice. With a small concussion, no qualified treatment is required, which can not be said for the puffiness of the brain for other reasons. Then the patient needs immediate advice from a specialist doctor. He will prescribe treatment, the main thing - aimed at sufficient supply of the brain with oxygen and not only.
With cerebral edema, cerebral perfusion pressure decreases, as a consequence of increased intracranial pressure, which in turn is due to the development of intracranial hypertension.
To reduce intracranial pressure during treatmentAn edema of the brain requires an intravenous infusion of medications to the patient. The choice of drugs depends directly on the cause of cerebral edema.
If the cerebral edema was a consequence of an injury
If the swelling of the brain has occurred, as a consequencecraniocerebral trauma, the doctor prescribes oxygen therapy - artificially conducted enrichment of the patient's body with oxygen. The oxygenated blood feeds the injured brain and leads to an early removal of the edema.
If conservative treatment of cerebral edemadid not give any result, then surgical intervention is necessary - removal of a bone shred. After this procedure, too high intracranial pressure, due to cerebral edema, should come back to normal. With the prolonged existence of cerebral edema, later, disturbances in the functioning of the cerebral cortex may develop. The faster the qualified help is given, the greater the chances of a person to recover.
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