Severe swelling of the legs below the knee
Many patients suffering from severe pain inthe lower parts of the legs (from the knee), are familiar with physiotherapy practice not by hearsay, especially athletes and those who participate in sporting events. The questions why this happens to them are clear. Its cause may be one of the local structures in the calf or lower leg, or, it can be transmitted from other sources (eg, lower back, knee or ankle).
Sudden pain in the calf muscles is oftenarises in athletes and people involved in high-speed sports, which provide changes in the direction of movement and those that include rapid acceleration and deceleration (such as tennis, football and basketball). The most likely cause is a bruise usually occurs as a result of a collision with hard objects (football boots).
Gradual strengthening of pain in the lower leg (under the knees)often occurs in patients engaging in sports or activities that include high running loads, often in combination with a small foot biomechanics.
There are many other causes of pain in the lower legs,some of which happen suddenly for a particular incident, others, develop gradually over time. Pain in the calves (veins) that occurs due to a serious disease such as DVT (deep vein thrombosis), especially in patients with swelling, fever, changes in color of the affected limb - an occasion to visit the doctor (especially when there are risk factors , such as a recent oral contraceptive course or a recent surgery).
Below are some of the mostcommon causes of pain in the lower legs with a brief description of each condition that will help in diagnosis. The states were grouped for ease of use in accordance with the sudden or gradual onset of it and the commonness or less prevalence of problems.
Sudden severe pain below the knee in front in the lower leg and behind
Injury of the shin bone (tibia) -injury due to direct contact with a rigid object. Symptoms: pain in front below the knee when touching the affected area, bruises and swelling that may appear immediately after the injury or in a few days.
Rupture of gastrocnemius muscle or deep gastrocnemiusmuscle (soleus), usually occurs after a sudden movement, acceleration. Symptoms: localized pain in the back of the tibia, when touching the affected area and lifting the heel from the ground.
Contusion of the gastrocnemius muscle - bruises, pain to the touch, which is enhanced by lifting the heel (rising on tiptoe) or the movement of the calf.
Painful, involuntary contraction of gastrocnemiusmuscles can occur suddenly and stop you from continuing your activity. Sometimes the leg is reduced at night. To ease the condition, you can gently stretch the muscle, for example, immediately quickly pull the big toe on yourself and keep it in this position for a while.
Pain radiated to the shin
Pain in the lower leg sometimes comes from anotherthe source of, for example, the lower back (lower back) or knee, and is often associated with symptoms of problems higher or lower (for example, severe pain or stiffness in the lower back, in the groin, hip, knee, ankle or foot). May be accompanied by loss of movement in these areas, and in some cases with tingling and numbness in the affected leg.
Cracks in the bones of the lower leg (tibia) canarise in connection with the impact of the ankle, a fall from the height or force influence on the front part of the shin. Pain is usually severe and often leads to inability to keep body weight. Deformities of the bone can be seen and often there is a significant swelling. Pain, as a rule, increases when the affected area is touched. Sometimes there is a tingling or numbness in the lower leg, ankle, foot.
Fracture in the outer lower leg bones oftenIt occurs in combination with an ankle injury, falling from a height or by force on the outside of the shin. The pain is heavy, increasing if touched. In some cases, bone deformities and swelling can be seen. The leg may feel drowsy and tingle.