What to do about the foot swelling
Most often swell the lower parts of the legs - feet and ankles. This localization is caused by a natural cause - earthly attraction.
When swelling in the tissues accumulates fluid. Excess fluid is easily detected. If you strongly press your finger on the swollen area, then on this place after you remove the finger, the recess remains for a while.
Often the cause of swelling of the legs are diseases of the veinschronic or acute thrombophlebitis, varicose veins of the subcutaneous veins, phlebothrombosis. Because of these diseases, outflow of blood from the feet of the ankles is broken, intra-capillary pressure is increased.
Edema develops on the aching leg. Often it is preceded by the appearance of pain. In acute thrombophlebitis, the skin may turn red in the affected area.
To swelling in the ankle joint area alsocan lead to the accumulation of fluid in the tissues as a result of heart failure. In serious lung diseases, for example, in severe bronchial asthma, the heart also can not work effectively, the blood stagnates, venous pressure rises, which leads to edema, including the ankles. Often, edema can be caused by diseases of the kidneys and even the liver. With liver diseases, the fluid usually first accumulates in the abdominal region (ascites), later there are swelling on the legs.
If the edema is caused by diseases of the internal organs, a doctor's consultation is necessary, but you can take some measures yourself.
Reduce salt retention and edema with a salt-free diet and reduced fluid intake.
If your legs are swollen, you can lie down, placing one or two pillows under your shins so that your legs are higher than your heart, but do not put your pillows just under your knees.
Those who swell legs, do not wear golfs or stockings with elastic bands.
Do not sit or stand for long. If you have to stay in one of these positions for a long time, from time to time, let the muscles of the shins move, moving the feet and toes. It is also useful to wear special curative elastic stockings or pantyhose that help reduce swelling.
When swelling occurs, be sure toconsult a doctor. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination, including the heart and lungs, as well as the legs, take blood tests to check the kidneys and liver and determine the protein content. If necessary, diuretics (diuretics) can be prescribed. They are effective, but they also have some side effects. For example, washing out the body of potassium, necessary for the normal operation of the heart. Therefore, taking diuretics, add to your diet foods rich in potassium (apricots, dried apricots, pumpkin, zucchini, watermelon, apples, raisins, milk).
Swelling of the leg can be caused by traumaankle joint. The degree of swelling in this case does not indicate the severity of the lesion. The leg can swell strongly and at a stretching, and at rupture of ligaments, and at fracture.
With ankle bones fracture, the legswollen less than with a sprain. Stretching or rupturing of the ligaments, as a rule, is accompanied by a hemorrhage into the surrounding tissues, because of what the skin in this place becomes blue-black.
If there is no fracture, then do not apply a castit takes. But the treatment should begin immediately - to ensure the immobility of the joint, apply ice, etc. With easy damage to the ligaments, this is enough. However, if there is no improvement in 1-2 days, you should see a doctor.
To determine the type of damage, the doctor will checkmobility of the leg in the ankle joint, and also can recommend an X-ray examination. If there is no fracture or there is a non-dangerous fracture without displacement, you are likely to be offered to continue home treatment. At other fractures it is necessary to impose a gypsum bandage.
The injured leg should be kept elevated. Immediately attach the ice wrapped in a towel and a plastic bag to the injured area, and leave it for at least 30 minutes. If after the first half an hour even a slight swelling appears, then apply ice for the next few hours for 30 minutes with a 15-minute interval. If the ankle in the elevated state ceases to hurt, you can gently try to step on this leg. If the joint is still sore during exercise, then it is better not to do it for the first 24 hours. Warm compresses can be done only after 24 hours. The elastic bandage also helps. Do not stretch it when applying a bandage - it should not be very tight and interfere with blood circulation. Do not bandage children yourself, since an incorrectly applied bandage can disrupt the blood circulation in the foot. If the skin below the bandage turns blue or turns pale, then the bandage is very tightly wrapped. In this case, loosen the bandage.
Approximately 10 days after the ankle jointshould return to normal. However, note that full healing can be expected only after 4-6 weeks. If at this time you need to move, for example, to practice therapeutic gymnastics, then the ankle joint should be bandaged. However, the bandage will not protect you from re-injury if you return to full load.
In healing and folk medicine accumulatedconsiderable experience in the use of natural remedies that help to quickly remove leg swelling. Some simply eliminate this unpleasant symptom when the legs swell after heavy physical exertion (especially often with heavy weight), others are aimed at normalizing water-salt metabolism. There are also recommendations that help improve the functioning of the kidneys, heart, liver, directly affecting the withdrawal of excess fluid from the body.
If you are tired and swollen legs by the evening, very muchit is useful to take warm foot baths. For such baths you can use infusion of chamomile flowers, sage, horsetail: 100 g of dry herbs pour a liter of hot water, boil for 15 minutes on low heat, insist 45 minutes, filter. The resulting infusion is diluted with 3-4 liters of water.
When the legs are burning with fatigue, the foot bath from the infusions of the elderberry black is excellent.
Swollen and tired legs are useful to wipe with ice. It is even better to prepare ice from infusion of sage leaves, chamomile flowers, field cornflower or yarrow herb.
A beneficial effect on the legs is provided by a massage. Massage your feet with a hard towel every day from your fingers up. The foot can be massaged strongly, and the knees and hips are weaker. You can use two brushes with medium stiff bristles for massage. In this case, synchronous circular motions rub your legs from the feet to the inguinal folds. Massage continue until redness of the skin. Afterwards, apply a special foot cream or vegetable oil to the skin.
To make your legs less tired, you can strengthen themsuch gymnastics: balancing first on one of them, then on another. Do this several times. This exercise well restores circulation in the legs.
If tired legs are ill, rub them with a mixture of olive oil and salt (1 teaspoon of salt on a glass of oil, stir until the salt dissolves completely).
For the same purposes, use lemon juice or a mixture of lemon juice in half with vegetable oil.
Tired legs with coarse skin are goodsoothes and softens the compress of wheat bran. Dilute the bran with warm milk until a gruel is obtained. Apply this slurry to your feet and hold until it dries. Then rinse with water and apply cream to your feet.
With thrombophlebitis, rubbing and steaming are not recommended.
A good remedy for pain and swelling withthrombophlebitis - mummy. Mummies are taken orally 0.25-0.3 g 2 times a day for 25 days, adding it to a mixture of honey and milk (1: 20). After a 10-day break, the course can be repeated.
If thrombophlebitis (or varicose veinsveins) hurt legs, it is useful to take warm foot baths to the knees from the roots of willow and oak (50 g per 10 liters of water). The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes. The water temperature is not more than 38 ° С.
With edemas of feet, a decoction of flaxseed is drunk. Prepare it from the calculation of 4 teaspoons of seeds per liter of water. Boil for 10-15 minutes, then insist in a warm place for an hour. To improve the taste in the broth, you can add any fresh fruit juice (for example, lemon). Drink half a glass in 2 hours 6-8 times a day, preferably hot. The result can be felt in 2 weeks.
With liver pathologies with circulatory disordersand edema is recommended such a collection of herbs: adonis spring -20 g, horsetail field - 30 g, yarrow - 30 g, celandine - 20 g. The infusion is prepared as follows: 1-2 tbsp. Spoons of the mixture are poured into a glass of hot boiled water and heated on a water bath for 15 minutes. Then cool for 45 minutes, filter and squeeze. The volume of the infusion is adjusted to 200 ml with boiled water. Take half a cup 2 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
With edema of cardiac origin, it is usefultake a tincture of birch buds: 20 g of kidneys are poured into 100 ml of 70% alcohol. Insist 3 weeks, squeeze, filter and store in a dark vessel in a cool place away from the light. With cardiovascular insufficiency accompanied by edema, the following is recommended as a diuretic: birch leafy (leaves) - 50 g, cinnamon cinnamon (fruits) - 25 grams, field harness (root) - 25 g. The infusion is prepared as follows: 1- 2 tbsp. Spoons of the mixture are poured into a glass of hot boiled water, put for 15 minutes in hot water (but do not heat!), cool for 45 minutes, squeeze. The volume of the infusion is adjusted to 200 ml with boiled water. Take 1 / 3-1 / 4 cup 3 times a day.
With edema associated with diseasescardiovascular system and kidneys is an indispensable diuretic - watermelon. Watermelon juice not only removes excess liquid from the body, but also provides it with easily digestible sugars. Dietitians believe that a day you can eat 2-2.5 kg of watermelon.
In kidney diseases, grape juice is useful,which is an effective diuretic. You need to drink it an hour before meals 3 times a day. Begin with half a glass and at the end of the course (after 1-1.5 months) bring the reception to two glasses. It is useful in diseases of the liver, lungs, gout and hypertension, it is a good restorative.
With heart diseases accompanied by edema, the pumpkin is very good. Pumpkin flesh increases the excretion of chloride salts from the body and raises diuresis without irritating the kidneys.
One of the best diuretics is cucumbers. The juice from them strengthens the heart and blood vessels. In a day you can drink up to 100 ml of pure cucumber juice.
Juice from the green of parsley well helps with manykidney diseases: urolithiasis, nephritis, etc. Successfully applied in dropsy. This juice is one of the most powerful diuretics, so it is better to drink it not in pure form, but in a mixture with other: carrot, salad, spinach or celery.
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