The patient had a swollen leg
Pulmonary edema in bedridden patients
Continuous horizontal position of the body is notis natural for the human body. Severe diseases, during treatment, which can not be taken upright, may be accompanied by a complication in the form of pulmonary edema.
In its symptomatic picture, pulmonary edemalying patients are similar to pulmonary edema as a result of certain serious diseases. But its treatment is somewhat simpler, since the cause of its occurrence is known in advance.
In the supine position, the volume of air during inspiration is much less than in the vertical one. A decrease in the activity of respiration reduces the blood flow in the lungs and leads to stagnation.
Sputum containing inflammatory component accumulates. Sputum expectoration is difficult in the horizontal position, because of this, stagnant processes in the lungs progress.
For bedridden patients, a gradualdevelopment of pulmonary edema. Symptoms are weak, but become more pronounced over time. Timely measures taken, as a rule, give an effect without drug treatment.
As noted above, the symptoms of pulmonary edema are poorly manifested at the initial stage of the disease, but they can still be recognized:
- at rest, severe shortness of breath, breathing is not deep, frequent, with bubbling sounds;
- attacks of suffocation, which are worse in the prone position;
- pressing, compressive pain in the chest, caused by lack of oxygen:
- cough with frothy discharge;
- pale skin, sticky and plentiful perspiration.
With acute edema, it poses a threat to human life. It is necessary to call an ambulance, and give the patient a semi-sitting position.
Every 30 minutes before the arrival of doctors, give the patient to drink 20 drops of valerian drops.
For prevention of pulmonary edema, it is recommended that bedridden patients perform respiratory exercises at least twice a day: through a tube, dropped into the water, blowing out air or inflating balloons.
Most of the wards in the clinics for recumbent patients are equipped with special couches, providing a position of the body with an elevated head end.
Pulmonary edema sometimes leads to fluid congestionin the pleural cavities. Diagnose exudative pleurisy or hydrothorax. In this case, a therapeutic puncture is performed, after which most patients experience improvement.