Swelling on the arms and legs during pregnancy
Swelling is an excessive accumulation of fluid in thea certain part of the body and keeping its excess. This phenomenon is familiar to virtually every pregnant woman, most often the problem occurs late. The danger to the health of the future mother and baby depends on the intensity of edema, the problem should be solved with the help of a doctor, in fact, first of all, it is necessary to understand the cause of edema and only after that to start their treatment.
Swelling in pregnancy - the causes
As a rule, swelling during pregnancy occurs withthe fourth month, if the process started earlier, you should inform your doctor about it. This phenomenon may indicate a hidden pathology, it is possible that it will come to light at a later date and endanger the life of the baby and the health of the pregnant woman.
Most of the fair sex inthe period of bearing of the child suffers from edema, but one can not look for the cause of this phenomenon in pregnancy, as a rule, it is a question of improper functioning of the kidneys, cardiovascular system, excess water in the body, excessive physical exertion. Often, swelling is caused by the fact that the constantly increasing uterus compresses the blood vessels, the blood during movement senses significant obstructions.
At the future mother in late pregnancyswollen legs and hands, but there are cases when the swelling spreads throughout the body and the woman begins to gain weight quickly, this phenomenon is called "dropsy". At "dropsy" it is difficult to squeeze a hand into a fist or bend a leg. In the absence of treatment, "dropsy" can develop into the most dangerous form of edema - gestosis.
Gestosis - late toxicosis, in whichthere are strong swelling, high blood pressure, high protein in the urine, all these factors significantly increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth. The histosis is treatable, but it should be carried out in a hospital under the supervision of a specialist.
Swelling of the hands during pregnancy
In late pregnancy, the future mother may have swelling of the hands, most often this is noticeable by the way fingers are bent, difficulties arise when wearing a ring.
It can not be said that with a phenomenon like swellinghands, it is necessary to rush in panic for help to a doctor, in the third trimester they occur quite often. However, if swelling is combined with high blood pressure, rapid weight gain or create significant discomfort, you should definitely consult with a specialist in this regard. In the normal course of pregnancy, the likely cause of edema is the abuse of salty or fatty foods and the pressure of the uterus on the vessels and ureters.
Swelling of the feet during pregnancy
Swelling of the legs in pregnant women is a very common phenomenon, the problem is that the body of the future mother accumulates sodium, which contributes to fluid retention in the body, resulting in edema.
Many women complain that puffinessappears in the daytime and evening time, it is easy to explain: a prolonged stay in a horizontal position (during a night rest) allows the liquid to be distributed throughout the body, therefore, after sleep, swelling is almost imperceptible. After walking or long standing on the feet, moisture rushes to the lower limbs, as a result, noticeable swelling appears in the area of the ankles, lower leg and on the back of the feet. In some cases, swelling of the legs may be accompanied by high blood pressure, then it makes sense to see a doctor so as not to provoke a severe form of gestosis.
Treatment and prevention of edema during pregnancy
There is an opinion that you can get rid of swellingby reducing the amount of fluid consumed, but in the case of pregnancy this method is unlikely to be justified. Refusal of the liquid will lead to the fact that the body begins to accumulate water and swelling can become stronger. For the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, it is recommended to drink not more than one and a half liters of liquid per day, not including vegetables, soups, tea, etc. In the third trimester, the dosage should be reduced 2-fold - up to 750 milliliters per day.
If you want to get rid of edema is not worth iteat salty and fatty foods, the same recommendations exist for smoked foods, spicy foods, carbonated drinks and coffee. It's great if once a week a pregnant woman will spend a day of unloading on juice and apples, in case this process is too complicated, you can add other fruits to the diet.
A mother is recommended to rest at least 10hours per night (night), excluding daytime rest (1,5-2 hours). Before going to sleep, you need to put a roller under your feet, fine, if they rise above the body.
With a strong fatigue of the legs, you can do warmbaths, foot massage. Do not forget about systematic walks in the fresh air. Sometimes, doctors recommend herbal teas that have a diuretic effect, and vitamins that strengthen the walls of blood vessels to improve blood circulation. Of folk remedies, swelling removes infusion of dried apricots (pour boiling water overnight, in the morning drink half an hour before meals).
Whichever means is selected ascure for edema, its use should be discussed with the attending physician, as pregnancy is too critical period to be able to risk health.
Other pregnancy problems
A full list of useful materials about pregnancy you can find on the main page of the section Pregnancy and Maternity