Edema of the legs with menopause what to do
In the life of every woman there comes a time whenmenstruation stops and does not resume. Cessation of menstruation - a signal that the woman entered the menopause, during which there is a gradual atrophy of ovarian tissue and ovarian failure.
The age of menopause may vary fromsufficiently wide redistribution. It is considered the norm when climacteric changes appear at the age of 49-52, but this does not always happen: heredity, bad habits (primarily smoking), chronic stress, heavy physical labor and other "aggravating" circumstances can provoke an earlier onset of menopause . If menopause occurs before the age of 40, it is called premature, at the age of 40-45 years - early.
With a normally flowing climax, changes inreproductive system occur gradually, so the body has time to properly adjust and adapt to the changes. Normally, menstruation gradually becomes shorter, the volume of menstrual bleeding decreases, the intervals between menstruations are lengthened, and once a month the menage ends finally.
It is not uncommon that climactericchanges in the body of a woman due to certain circumstances develop too quickly. With the rapid decline in ovarian function, central and peripheral regulatory bodies do not have time to adjust to the transformations taking place in the body, which causes imbalance in the work of various brain structures. Violation in the work of the centers of regulation of water-salt metabolism, thermoregulation, etc. accompanied by the appearance of puffiness in menopause, sweating, disruptions in the work of internal organs.
Occurring violations are the causenumerous complaints made by women with a pathological course of menopause. An excruciating pathological menopause instead of two or four years (as it happens in the normal course of menopause) can last up to ten years, and this, unfortunately, is not the limit.
Why there is swelling in menopause
Edema does not belong to the most unpleasant manifestationspathological menopause, but should cause caution. The onset of puffiness in menopause is an occasion to undergo a thorough examination to find out the cause that causes its appearance. Edema is characteristic only for the pathological course of menopause, for physiological menopause they are not characteristic. The appearance of edema during menopause is associated with the disruption of the work of the structures responsible for the regulation of water-salt metabolism. The accumulation in the internal environment of the body of excess sodium ions entails an increase in the osmotic pressure and fluid retention. These disorders are manifested in the form of edema of the lower limbs, which occur mainly in the evening, in hot weather or after a long walk. Women do not always pay attention to a slight swelling of the legs by the evening, but often complain about the heaviness in the legs.
Puffiness with menopause signals a malfunctionin the sodium-potassium exchange system. If you ignore this alarm signal of the body, in the near future it is fraught with the development of hypertension.
It should be borne in mind that the appearance of edema inthe time of menopause does not exclude the presence of other causes of accumulation of excess fluid in the body, among which the pathology of the kidneys, hypothyroidism, varicosity and autoimmune thyroiditis are the first. Often, edema can appear on the background of the use of certain drugs - hormones (corticosteroids, female sex hormones), antihypertensive drugs (beta adrenoblockers, clonidine, calcium channel blockers), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants.
Prophylaxis and treatment of edema
The cause of edema in menopause usuallythere is not one single factor taken, but the whole complex of changes taking place at this time in the body of a woman. Accordingly, the treatment of edema arising during menopause should also be comprehensive, aimed primarily at eliminating the causes of their onset.
To be successful in the treatment of swelling withmenopause, it is absolutely necessary to combat the hormonal imbalance that occurs during this period. To eliminate hormonal imbalance, it is recommended that hormone replacement therapy or the selection of drugs from the group of phytoestrogens be recommended. Thus, it will help maintain a sufficient level of sex hormones in the body and avoid the appearance of pathological symptoms, including edema.
In addition to the hormonal drugs shownthe appointment of diuretics, sedatives (preference should be given to preparations on a plant basis), multivitamins with minerals, antioxidants. Often effective may be homeopathic remedies, characterized by the absence of contraindications and side effects. When there is swelling in menopause, first of all it is recommended to limit the intake of table salt.
For the prevention of pathological leakagemenopause and the appearance of negative symptoms it is necessary to take care of your health from youth: to lead a healthy lifestyle, move a lot, consume natural products.