Frequent urination and swelling of the legs
The process of urinating is prettyintimate, the multiplicity and volume of which are strictly individual. But not always everything passes in the physiological rhythm, very often women notice in their frequent urination, which may be accompanied by discomfort and even pain.
In most cases, when such problems arise, the ladies are very reluctant to go to the doctor with this complaint and when the corresponding symptomatology is already becoming intolerable.
But the tactic of waiting, that everything will pass by itself,is incorrect, because this problem, which many are ashamed to say out loud, has a certain reason the doctor must understand. The reasons for frequent urination in women, painful and painless - will be discussed in this article.
In what cases do we have to talk about the rapidurination? The fact is that there are no strict norms for the frequency of urination during the day, there are only certain conditional frames and averaged figures - 2-6 times a day. The frequency of physiological emptying of the bladder varies depending on a number of factors (physiological characteristics of the organism, metabolic rate, the nature of nutrition, drinking regimen, etc.), on different days the frequency of urination is also different.
Rapid urination is the excess of the thresholdthe personal comfort of a woman when she herself observes that the body more often signals the need to correct a physiological need, or rather - it is necessary to empty the bladder more often than usual.
It is fair to say thatshort-term (day-two) symptoms of such a plan should not cause any special anxiety, but if the situation is prolonged and aggravated, the only correct decision will be prompt consultation of the doctor.
Causes of frequent urge to urinate in women
With such an unpleasant symptom as frequenturination in women causes can be very different, sometimes not related to health and disease (physiological). The main causes of this phenomenon are divided into four large groups, the first place among which is the pathological processes of organs and structures of the urinary system.
Frequent cause of rapid urinationInfectious diseases of urinary tract inflammatory. The female has a natural, anatomical predisposition to these diseases, and they suffer from these problems 3 times more often than men.
Frequent painful urination in womenis a bright sign of cystitis. Pain when urinating - burning and cutting, after visiting the toilet, the woman is tormented by a feeling of incomplete emptying from the urine of the bladder, which forces you to literally sit on the toilet. At the time of urge to urinate urinate is noted incontinence (for more information about cystitis see cystitis in women - symptoms, treatment). The nature of urine does not initially change, but with the progression of the disease urine becomes turbid. The treatment scheme is similar to pyelonephritis therapy, physiotherapy (UHF, inductothermy and iontophoresis), phytopreparations (see cystone for cystitis, 15 preparations for cystitis), and cranberry for cystitis are also used.
Frequent urination, painful at the beginningemptying the bladder, is typical of urethritis. The pain is burning and accompanied by itching. The general condition of women suffers seldom, which leads to a prolonged process and a late appeal to doctors. Treatment of urethritis includes antibiotics and probiotics to restore the vaginal biocenosis (see the list of probiotic drugs).
Increased urination may indicatethe presence of chronic pyelonephritis. The disease manifests itself with blunt noisy pains, localized in the lumbar region, which increase in cold weather. When the pathological process worsens, it is noted:
- a sharp rise in body temperature, right up to the chill
- as well as weakness
- in the urine there are admixtures of blood and pus
- progression of the disease leads to the development of arterial hypertension
Treatment of pyelonephritis is prolonged and includes antibacterial therapy, antispasmodics, analgesics and phytopreparations.
Rapid urination can talk aboutthe existing urolithiasis with the localization of stones in the bladder. Desires for urination appear unexpectedly, sharply and are provoked by intense physical activity, arise when running or jolting in transport. When the bladder has not yet completely emptied in the process of urination, interruption of the urine stream may also occur. There is soreness in the lower abdomen and the area above the pubis, both at rest and during urination. Treatment of pathology, depending on the severity of the disease and the nature of the stones, can be medicated, physiotherapeutic or surgical, but always includes compliance with the diet.
- Weakness of the muscular wall of the bladder
Is manifested by frequent urination with a smallvolume of detachable urine. The urge to urinate is always harsh and requires an immediate visit to the toilet. Since this pathology is innate, the therapy is aimed at strengthening the muscle tissue of the bladder with special exercises and drugs.
- With a hyperactive bladder
In this case, the amplification of nerve signals causesfrequent urge to empty the bladder. The disease is of central origin, so treatment is aimed at interrupting the pathological excitability of the nervous system that regulates the process of urination (sedatives, muscle relaxants, etc.).
Frequent urination, as a secondary sign of various pathologies of the body
The increase in urination may be a sign oflaunched uterine fibroids - a benign tumor, which by its size squeezes the bladder. As the disease develops gradually, dysuric disorders for a long time are preceded by uterine bleeding. violation of the cycle and soreness in the lower abdomen. Hormonal and surgical treatment (see myoma of the uterus - symptoms and treatment).
With the omission of the uterus, associated with weaknessligamentous apparatus, there is a displacement of organs and tissues of the small pelvis, including the bladder. Frequent urination with incontinence indicates a significant omission of the uterus. The woman is long disturbed by painful manifestations in the lower abdomen, profuse menstruation and spotting from the vagina. Treatment conservative (hormones, exercise therapy) or surgical.
Frequent urination at night oftenare one of the first signs of diabetes in women. In addition, the woman is tormented by constant thirst, itching of the skin, weakness and fatigue. Treatment includes diet, drugs that reduce the level of sugar (if diet therapy is ineffective), insulin therapy (with insulin dependent form of the disease).
With diabetes insipidus. associated with dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, there is frequent urination, daily urine output is increased to 5 liters. Women are tormented by constant thirst, weight is lost, dry skin and mucous membranes occur. The treatment is hormonal, lifelong.
- Diseases of the heart and blood vessels
Frequent nocturnal urination in women can bea sign of cardiovascular failure. If there is a lack of cardiac activity during active daily activities, hidden swelling arises that go off at night and is expressed in frequent urination. Treatment - etiological, aimed at compensating for the revealed cardiac insufficiency.
If there are certain physiological reasons, the woman is worried about frequent urination during the day, the most frequent of which are:
- features of the diet associated with abundant consumption of liquid (coffee, soda, alcohol) and products that have diuretic properties (watermelon, cranberry, melon, cowberry, cucumber, etc.)
- stress and anxiety, in which oxygen starvation of cells leads to frequent urination
- the first and third trimester of pregnancy, when the frequency of urination is associated with the growth of the uterus and compression of the bladder
- hypothermia of the body, in which there is a compensatory increase in urination;
When the primary cause is the physiologicalfactors that cause frequent urination in women are not required. The self-elimination of the provoking situation leads to the normalization of urination.
Increased urinary output, leading to frequentvisit the toilet, also provoke drugs from the group of diuretics, which have a therapeutic diuretic effect. These drugs are prescribed for swelling, hypertension, for the treatment of gestosis of pregnant women.
Causes of frequent and painful urination
If a duet of symptoms is found - frequenturination in women and pain when urinating, with a high probability there is an inflammatory process of the organs of urination or genital organs on the background of infection. Some sexually transmitted infections are also characterized by painful and frequent urination (more in our articles):
Abundant frequent painless urinationwomen most often indicate the neglected course of a certain disease from the above groups. The fact that the female genitourinary system, in fact, is a single whole, and the infection that has arisen in the urinary organs, easily switches to the genitals.
Very often, for example, is diagnosed with urethritis andvaginitis. The structure of female genito-urinary organs explains the ease of spread of infection, especially dangerous variant is the ascending infection - from the vagina to the uterus and appendages, from the urethra to the bladder and kidneys. Such pathologies as cystitis, urolithiasis, vaginitis and vulvovaginitis of different etiology are manifested by painful urination.
Painful and frequent urination can be the result of irritation of the vaginal tissues:
- when the tampon is misused
- after intercourse
With this symptomatology is passing -discomfort and frequent urge to urinate pass during the day. But this day is a dangerous period, as the damaged mucosa is an excellent entrance gate for various infectious agents.
Frequent urination, which worriesa woman for two or more days, should not remain without diagnosis and treatment. Any pathology of the genitourinary system is a threat to the normal implementation of reproductive function. Therefore, women's health should not only be the main concern of the nation, but also the priority of every single woman, and the symptoms are the symptoms to present them to the doctor.
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