Why there is swelling on my legs
Many people notice in the evening that their feetswell and become like pillars. Excess fluid in tissues can accumulate due to various reasons, including excessive consumption of foods with high salt content and absorption of large amounts of water.
Fundamental factors in the development of puffiness are :
- long-term drug therapy with acetylsalicylic acid and steroid drugs;
- obesity and other forms of metabolic disorders;
- acute shortage of vitamins and minerals, which arose on the background of starvation;
- kidney disease, which usually affects the back of both legs (additional symptoms are swollen eyelids and circles under the eyes, as well as changes in the amount and color of urine);
- diseases of the digestive system, in particular, the intestines (characteristic signs are dyspeptic disorders - diarrhea);
- endocrine disorders, thyroid problems (additionally there is weakness, drowsiness, etc.).
Essential in the process of originedema have vascular pathologies associated with a violation of outflow of venous blood (for example, varicose veins). If only one limb is affected, it can be a heart failure, which is diagnosed on the ECG. At the same time, vein thrombosis can also develop, which externally has similar manifestations.
If swelling is not associated with the disease, but caused bytemporary violation of water-salt metabolism, it can be restored within the framework of nutrition correction. If you tend to puffiness in hot weather, you should carefully monitor the amount of liquid drunk and try not to stay in the standing position for a long time. This often leads to stagnation of blood, which, in turn, causes swelling of the lower extremities.
When your work is connected with constant walkingor standing, for example, behind the counter of a store or near a teacher's board, in the evening, give your legs a few minutes. Lie on your back, lift your feet up and fix them, leaning against the wall or using another support. The angle of inclination should be less than 45 degrees. This will promote the outflow of venous blood.
More effective is the prevention of edema,which involves the implementation of some simple exercises. They all boil down to a warm-up of the foot - alternately pulling the heel forward, alternating with the maximum spreading of the fingers, or the rotation of the feet clockwise and counterclockwise. An additional effect will help to achieve special agents (ointments and cream), which strengthen the walls of blood vessels and prevent the occurrence of varicose veins.
When should I see a doctor?
If the puffiness is constant and does notdisappears after the measures you have taken, this may indicate the presence of a serious vascular pathology. Find out this will help any cardiology clinic. which has the latest equipment for the diagnosis of such disorders. A timely treatment will allow you not only to eliminate the signs and causes of the disease, but also to protect yourself from the development of complications to other organs. Therefore, at the first suspicions, immediately consult a doctor, who should tell you about the existence of the disease and the peculiarities of your lifestyle.