What causes foot swelling
Edema on the feet - the reasons for the appearance
Swelling of the legs can occur due to heart disease,kidneys or blood vessels. Most of this disease affects women and the elderly. Doctors advise to treat not the edemas themselves, but the reasons for which they arise.
Varicose veins cause swelling
Swelling of the feet can occur due to varicose veinsdisease. Blood flows badly through the veins and stagnates in the legs. As a result, there are swelling. The most common cause of varicose veins is a hereditary factor. If one of the parents has a varicose disease, the risk of developing varicose is 45%, if both - the risk of developing this pathology is 90%.
To chronic venous insufficiency leadssedentary, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, prolonged exposure to the vertical position, smoking. "Usually venous edema appears at the end of the day, due to the fact that a person has been standing for a long time," says the surgeon of the regional hospital. Mechnikov Artem Provals. "These edemas are characterized by the fact that they pass in the morning, since the person is in a horizontal position all night."
Venous edema may not be symmetrical - oneThe leg is swollen, and the second one is gone. There are people who are sick for 10-20 years. To the doctor address, when on legs or foots because of stagnation of a blood there are ulcers. For the winter period, they can disappear, and in the summer again manifest themselves.
For prophylaxis of venous diseases every year one must undergo a medical course. Take the pill within 2-3 months, while always bandaging your feet.
"The most effective treatment is operationalintervention, - the surgeon considers. - Remove the large or small saphenous vein. When it functions normally, it bleeds 5-10% of the blood, everything else is in the deep veins. When it does not function, it is compensated by deep veins. It is the cause of edema and ulcers. If it is removed, ulcers heal, swelling stops. "
With venous insufficiency, the doctor recommends wearing a compression knit: knee-highs, stockings, tights. They squeeze their feet, and blood less comes, resulting in no swelling.
Women are more prone to diseaseYu
Cardiologist of the regional hospital. Mechnikov Dmitry Chvora argues that very often swelling is associated with heart failure. "These people have reduced the contractility of the heart, and against this background the fluid falls due to gravity and most often accumulates in the tissues of the lower extremities," the cardiologist explains.
Puffiness often appears in the elderlyage. Women are more prone to this disease than men. Due to the fact that a woman walks on his heels, a normal venous outflow of blood through the veins is disrupted. "Women can have a hormonal cycle. Often, liquid accumulates in the premenstrual period, which causes swelling, "says D. Chvora.
Suffered this and people who have a long timeare in a standing position, as well as hypertension (people with high blood pressure). "The aggravation of the disease usually occurs somewhere in September-October," the doctor says. "Because in summer, when it's hot, people drink more than necessary."
To all patients who have a coronary pathology,the amount of liquid consumed per day should be reduced to 1 liter. For people with a body weight of more than 100 kg can be up to 1.5 liters per day. A greater amount of fluid will lead to swelling. "Then we have to prescribe large doses of diuretics," says D. Chvora. - Ideally, the amount of liquids consumed should equal the amount allocated. If there is swelling, then the amount of secreted fluid should be greater. "
Lack of protein leads to edema
Edema can be associated with impaired renal function. Then, as a rule, not only the lower limbs swell, but also the face, hands, upper abdominal wall, the amount of urine released decreases.
Less often, edema appears due to a low protein content in people who are hungry. Lack of protein food causes edema of the lower extremities.
On the legs, swelling can be the first manifestationheart failure, renal pathology, while the heart and kidneys can not get sick. The cause, which causes swelling, will help determine the therapist. "There is pasty - the initial stage of edema, if in the evening it appeared, and by morning it disappeared and in the following days this did not happen again, then the doctor does not have to go," the cardiologist asserts. - If it is repeated from day to day, you need to see a doctor. "
"Cardiac" swelling, as a rule, appear in the evening because of physical activity. Since morning they decrease. "Kidney", on the contrary, is more often manifested in the morning, and in the daytime decrease.
D. Chvora says that swelling is a symptom against a background of some disease. Therefore, it is necessary to treat not swelling, but the disease that causes them.
Compression tights are prescribed individually. Elastic stockings or tights in the daytime, and at night they need to be removed. The type of compression is selected by the doctor.
Do not sit cross-legged
With swelling of the feet, you should move more and do not wear shoes with high heels or with a flat sole (optimal heel 3-4 cm).
If a person has to stand for a long time, then at least a couple of times a day to sit down or do physical exercises. For example, bend-unbend legs.
Sitting with your foot on the foot is not recommended. In this situation, the blood vessels are squashed, the blood stagnates.
Do not stay in the sun for a long time, in a sauna, take too warm baths (above 35 degrees). After the bath or shower, you should take a contrast shower for the legs in the direction from the bottom up.
It is recommended to eat food with a sufficient amount of fiber: vegetables, fruits, whole grains. Do not overeat salty foods: salt delays water in the body.
Doctors advise wearing a compression jersey -stockings, stockings, pantyhose. Take a walk. During walking, very good blood circulation occurs. Muscles contract, and this facilitates the passage of blood through the veins.
During sleep and rest, it is advisable to place a roller under the feet so that they are slightly raised.
Help in the fight against edema of the legs and special ointments - troxevasin, heparin ointment, essavene gel, lyoton. All ointments based on heparin and chestnut prevent the formation of thrombi and anesthetize.
Exercises to prevent swelling and heaviness in the legs:
- stand on your toes and wait for a few seconds.
- move the weight of the body from the heels to the socks, from the outside to the foot of the foot and vice versa.
- make 5-10 easy jumps on tiptoe.
- sitting on a chair, raise your legs and make circular motions with your feet.
- bend your toes, and then sharpen them upwards.
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