In case of liver cancer, the swelling of the legs causes
Excess accumulation of intercellular fluid in the tissues of the body, manifested by an increase in the volume of the lower limbs.
Sudden occurrence of swelling in one of the lowerlimbs in most cases is associated with thrombosis of the femoral or iliac veins, which is often observed after childbirth, cavitary operations, with prolonged bed rest, with infectious diseases, blood diseases (leukemia, polycythemia), cachexia. tumors of the abdominal cavity organs. In thrombosis of large superficial veins of the lower extremities, the skin in the area of the edema becomes tense, shiny, cyanotic, and patients notice aching pain along the medial surface of the thigh. However, the most important diagnostic value is the expansion of the subcutaneous veins on the thigh and in the basin of the large saphenous vein of the lower limb, a slight edema and tenderness along the vascular bundle on the thigh.
The main clinical signs of edematoussyndrome in the background of varicose veins of the lower extremities are clearly prominent, most often with prolonged standing, venous strands, especially on the lower legs. In a number of patients, pronounced swelling of the legs and thighs are found, when pressing a finger on the area of the edema, a hole remains, and the reverse development of the edema in the elevated position of the extremity is often noted. Edema in acute venous insufficiency is characterized by symmetrical edema that occurs after an intense load on the lower limbs (for example, after a long transition). After resting and finding the limb in an elevated position, the reverse development of edematous syndrome occurs.
Upper extremity edema often develops in the backgroundthrombophlebitis. but it can also be with a retrosternal goiter, enlarged lymph nodes in a tumor of the mediastinum. tumors of the upper lobe of the lung, aortic aneurysm. With a retrosternal goiter, it is also possible to squeeze the trachea, leading to a violation of breathing, compression of the esophagus, accompanied by a violation of swallowing, compression of the laryngeal nerves, causing a paroxysmal cough. The enlargement of the lymph nodes and the tumor of the mediastinum, in addition to the puffiness of the upper limb, are manifested by swelling of the face, neck and their cyanotic shade, difficulty breathing. The apical cancer (Penkost tumor) is characterized by the following signs: a tumor early germinates the dome of the pleura, thorax, sympathetic trunk and is accompanied by a sharp pain in the chest wall and upper limb; Bernard-Gorner syndrome is often noted (narrowing of the pupil and eye gap, sagging of the eyeball). For an aneurysm of the ascending aorta, in addition to signs of compression of the superior vena cava, a pronounced pain syndrome with irradiation in both upper limbs, protrusion of the anterior thoracic wall and widening of the vascular bundle of the heart to the right are characteristic.
Unilateral persistent edema on the upper limbcan be observed in women after mastectomy for breast cancer on the side of the lesion due to lymphostasis. Local lymphostasis, which occurs with repeated erysipelas, lymphangitis, helminthic invasions, is accompanied by persistent edema. The skin above them lasts for a long time keeping track after pressing with a finger. In the future, as a result of pronounced proliferation of connective tissue, the skin loses its edematous character, after pressing the finger does not remain a trace, and the limb acquires huge dimensions (elephantiasis).
Etiology is different - vein thrombosis, varicose veins, diseases of infectious genesis, blood damage, etc.
Swelling of the ankle on one side oftenis the result of stretching or fracture. Sometimes diseases that affect the entire body, such as heart and kidney or liver diseases, can lead to excessive accumulation of fluid (edema), which is often concentrated in the legs, which leads to swelling of not only the ankle, but also the legs and lower leg. It can also occur with an overload of the venous system, which can occur during pregnancy and obesity. Diseases of the joints, such as arthritis. can also affect the joints of the ankles and legs, which leads to swelling of the affected areas.
For the treatment of edema of the lower limbs,first of all, to identify its cause and influence it: to select cardiac drugs, to cure kidney diseases, to normalize the operation of blood vessels. Independently you can reduce the use of salt (with it, the fluid in the body is retained) and excessive water intake. If the doctor has not revealed any contraindications, then you can use herbal teas, which contain jasmine, lemon, mint, cranberries, cranberries. If possible, exclude wearing high-heeled shoes, and at home give your feet an elevated position (above the level of the heart). I draw your attention to the fact that diuretics, including herbs, are taken only for the intended purpose and under the supervision of a doctor. Uncontrolled administration of them can lead to an increased excretion of potassium from the body, which is fraught with serious disorders in the work of the heart.