Swelling of the brain from alcohol reviews
It is a heavy form of alcoholic beverages.Psychosis associated with cell damage in the brain. In fact, this disease is a group of several typical diseases, united by a similar clinical picture and the causes of the onset.
Alcoholic encephalopathy is characterized bycompatibility of somatic and neurological manifestations, accompanied by mental symptoms, which is in the first place in the history of the disease. First of all, we are talking about alcoholic psychoses, developing in chronic alcoholism.
The emergence of alcoholic encephalopathies is due to various kinds of disorders in the metabolic processes of the organism, typical of chronic alcoholism:
- Hypovitaminosis of vitamins B1 and B6;
- Deficiency of minerals;
- Damage to neurons and the formation of substances that have a neurotoxic effect;
- Violations in the hypothalamus.
For alcoholic encephalopathy is typicalprodromal period, which is expressed by a predilection for salty or sweet food, and it is also possible to completely refuse eating food. The presence of the following signs: pain in the abdomen, nausea, dyspeptic disorders and digestive disorders, also indicates the prodrome period.
The initial stage of the disease is also accompanied bytypical sleep disorders: drowsiness, nightmarish dreams, prolonged falling asleep, frequent and early awakenings. As the disease progresses, motor excitations of various forms develop: from stereotypy (prolonged "fermentation" in the room), to states of deafness.
Alcohol encephalopathy is developing quitequickly and without proper treatment develops into the Gaye-Wernick syndrome. This indicates an acute stage of the disease, which is characterized by a clouding of consciousness in the form of delirious disorders and hallucinations. The period of excitation of the patient can be accompanied by meaningless chatter, in the form of scant monologues and characteristic cries.
The next period after acute is the state of increased risk, which is characterized by the presence of worsening neurological status, as well as the appearance of signs of somatic pathology.
For this stage of alcoholic encephalopathytypical are various motor disorders in the form of a chaotic twitching of facial muscles of the face and extremities reminiscent of ataxia (disorders of coordination of voluntary movements).
- Edema of the upper part of the trunk, face, including;
- Oily or moist skin with characteristic peeling;
- Violation of the rhythm of the heart;
- Muscle cramps;
- Jumps of body temperature up to 41 degrees.
For accurate diagnosis of encephalopathyit is necessary to seek the advice of a psychiatrist who will assess the history of the disease and the features of the clinical symptomatology. The diagnosis is usually made after confirmation of the determining factor - alcoholism.
History data that are important for the examination:
- Perinatal pathology;
- Acquired metabolic disorder;
- Severe atherosclerosis;
- Exposure to ionizing radiation.
When the patient is examined, EEG(electroencephalography), with the help of which the presence of disorganization of the main rhythms in the form of slow pathological waves is revealed, which is a characteristic sign of epileptic activity.
When CT and MRI are detected, signsatrophy of the brain, that is, the expansion of the ventricles, the presence of a subarachnoid space and a deepening in the region of the brain grooves. Also NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance method) is used to detect similar pathological deviations.
Important points in the diagnosis of the disease are alsoare the results of tests of urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid, through which you can identify toxic substances. The presence of these substances specifies the pathogenesis and etiology of alcoholic encephalopathy.
Alcoholic encephalopathy is treated only inhospital in the health facility of a suitable profile. During the treatment, vitamins of group B are administered in large doses (from 500 to 1000 mg per day), a combination of anticonvulsants with vascular drugs and hormones.
In the acute course of the disease,additional life support systems: ventilation (artificial ventilation of the lungs), hemodialysis, hemoperfusion, parenteral long-term nutrition. Often measures are required to reduce intracranial pressure. as well as the elimination of convulsive syndromes.
Treatment of the disease must be carried out comprehensively. Simultaneously with the treatment of alcoholic encephalopathy, alcohol dependence and delirium are treated.
Alcoholic symptoms with improper treatment have a disappointing prognosis:
- Impaired memory and functions of nervous activity;
- Development of megalomania;
- Strongest lesions of parts of the brain;
- In severe cases, the outcome of the disease can end with coma.
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